GERMAN NEWS Week 44
Germany: Museum turns Nazi-looted painting to wall to raise money for restitution
30/10/2014- A museum in Germany has come up with a novel plan to buy back a painting stolen from a Jewish collector during the Nazi era. The Wiesbaden Museum has hung the 19th century painting by Hans von Marées backwards, in a bid to raise public awareness and also the $118,000 it needs by Nov. 5 to buy the painting from its rightful heirs, museum director Alexander Klar announced in late October. The amount to be raised covers one third of the value of the painting plus the cost of the fundraising campaign, according to an online report from Hessische Rundfunk radio and TV. The painting, titled “Die Labung” (Sustenance), was part of the collection of Jewish industrialist Max Silberberg of Breslau. He was forced to sell the collection to the Nazis in 1934. Silberberg and his wife, Johanna, were later killed in Auschwitz.
The rightful heir to the collection is the Israel-based Gerta Silberberg Discretionary Trust. In 1980, a local collector bequeathed the painting to the museum. HR Online reported that Wiesbaden Museum was a repository for art robbed from Jewish owners during the Third Reich. The museum has been researching the provenance of works in its collection, with an aim to providing restitution. It already has returned two paintings to their proper heirs, or bought them back, HR reported.
© JTA News
Germany: 'The far-right wants more riots' (interview)
The German right-wing scene seems to be on the upswing after riots rocked Cologne on Sunday. The alliance of soccer hooligans and neo-Nazis could cause more trouble, says expert Fabian Virchow.
29/10/2014- DW: Riots of about 5000 Neo-Nazis and Soccer hooligans in Cologne on Sunday have sparked fears that a new wave of right-wing extremism might hit Germany. What impact on the Neo-Nazi scene did the riots have?
Virchow: Right-wing groups celebrate these events as a great success on their Facebook-Pages and blogs. They were in control of the streets in Cologne, and that has not happened in a long time. Most marches had been blocked or had been accompanied by heavy police-presence. But this time, thousands could march through Cologne without much restriction, some of them went on manhunts and some attacked journalists. In their view, that is a great success.
Not only right-wing bloggers celebrate that. On social networks, many users seemed to be happy that "finally someone is standing up against Salafism in Germany." Have right-wing extremists found a topic that proves popular?
Salafism is a topic that is discussed a lot, and many people level criticism against young Neo-Salafists who are ready to use violence. But the extreme right discovered this topic long ago. The "Pro-Movement" for example organized marches against Salafism, but they did not attract many people. After the Cologne riots, there is even more reason for right-wing activists to bank on that topic. They will organize more marches and will certainly get some support for that. But when it comes to violent riots like the one we saw in Cologne, that will be restricted to a certain group of people.
Do you think the riots in Cologne have helped lure more supporters into the right-wing scene?
Absolutely. Those who did not take part want to make sure they won't miss the next riots. They want to repeat what they did in Cologne, and maybe even scale it up. At marches during the last ten to 15 years most right-wing extremists tried to keep violence at bay so they wouldn't be banned from marching. But the Soccer hooligans and Neo-Nazis in Cologne did not pursue this tactic. They were all about seeking confrontation.
How dangerous are these groups? Are they mostly beer-drinking rowdies or is there a danger of right-wing terrorism?
I do not think that this scene is planning attacks systematically like the NSU right-wing terrorists did. What we see is mainly raw street violence. And the scene thinks that Cologne was only the start and more is to come. They are right now discussing how to do that.
Do they form new alliances while organizing the next marches?
It is a pretty diverse scene. In Cologne, we saw racist Soccer hooligans, Neo-Nazis, members of right-wing parties. If this proves to be an alliance becomes solid, we will indeed have to deal with a new right-wing network.
And what about more moderate groups? Will they be part of that?
Groups such as the "Pro-Movement" try to work on their reputation as a citizen's movement. Without approving of their political aims: I do not think that they will organize events with the Soccer hooligans. They will say: we share their goals, but they use the wrong tools.
How do you think the German authorities should react to new marches in Berlin and Hamburg being planned by the right-wing groups?
First of all, we have to take this phenomenon seriously, more so than we did before Cologne. Everyone could see that the police were not well-prepared. And many police officers suffered from that lack of preparation. And then, we will have to talk about not allowing marches that have the sole purpose of spreading violence on the streets.
Dr. Fabian Virchow is professor at the University of Applied Sciences Düsseldorf. He directs the Research Unit on Right-Wing Extremism and Nazism.
© The Deutsche Welle.
Germany: Hooligans want to march in Berlin and Hamburg
Further far-right protests, of the kind seen in Cologne on Sunday, are being planned in Berlin and Hamburg, leading to fears of violence spreading to other cities.
28/10/2014- The scale and violence of what was billed as an anti-Salafist demo caught police by surprise on Sunday. Forty-five people were injured in fighting around the "Hooligans against Salafists" march, 44 of them police officers, and 17 people were arrested. Police used tear gas and water cannon to try to control more than 4,000 people who took to Cologne's streets. Far-right protests are not unusual in Germany, but the size of the Cologne march was. Under an anti-Islamic banner, organizers managed to unite different far-right and football hooligan factions. The far-right scene hailed the protest as the "Miracle of Cologne" and protesters are set to mobilize in other cities this month under the motto, "Cologne was just the beginning". A similar demonstration is planned in Hamburg and Berlin on Saturday November 15th.
One far-right blog announced the Hamburg demonstration would start at the city's central train station at 2pm and boasted 3,000 people had already confirmed their attendance on Facebook. "It's carrying on!" the blogger wrote. The "Hooligans against Salafists" group is also planning a demonstration on November 15th in Berlin at the Brandenburg Gate. City politicians are looking to ban the protest. German police union DPolG also fears the violence seen in Cologne will spread. DPolG president Rainer Wendt told dpa news agency: "It will not be restricted to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne. It is possible in all cities."
© The Local - Germany
Germans are wide of the mark on immigration
Germans massively overestimate the number of people in their country who are immigrants, unemployed and Muslim, but know exactly how many are Christian, according to a survey released on Wednesday.
29/10/2014- When asked about social topics ranging from teenage birth rates to life expectancy, unemployment and immigration, Germans provided more accurate estimates than any other European country apart from Sweden, in a survey by pollsters Ipsos. But most of their answers were still way off the mark in the "Perils of Perception" survey. People from eight countries in Europe were questioned as well as Australian, American, Japanese and South Korean respondents in the fourteen-country study. Italians were found to be most ignorant, followed by people from the US.
Questions in the study included:
@ "In your opinion, what percentage of girls aged between 15 and 19 give birth each year?".
In Germany, the correct answer is 0.4 percent, but Germans guessed 14 percent, making that - along with the unemployment rate and voter turnout - the subjects they were most ignorant about.
US citizens thought that 24 percent of teenagers fitted into this category, whereas the actual figure there is three percent.
@ Germans also massively overestimated the percentage of people in the country who are immigrants and Muslims.
They believe 20 percent of people were unemployed - the actual figure is six percent.
Germans gave the most accurate answer when asked about the percentage of the population who are Christians. Their average guess and answer were a perfect match at 58 percent. Bobby Duffy, managing director of Ipsos MORI Social Research Institute, said: “These misperceptions present clear issues for informed public debate and policy-making. "For example, public priorities may well be different if we had a clearer view of the scale of immigration and the real incidence of teenage mothers. "People also under-estimate 'positive' behaviours like voting, which may be important if people think it is more 'normal' not to vote than it actually is." More than a thousand volunteers aged between 16 and 64 were quizzed in each country by pollsters, except in the US and Canada where all participants were over 18.
Perils of Perception - Global from Ipsos MORI
© The Local - Germany
Germany: Children in a German school use 'Heil Hitler' and Nazi slogans
German authorities investigating 29 teenagers on WhatsApp conversations; Teens 'swapped Nazi sayings and slogans throughout the school day; pictures show teens doing Heil Hitler salutes and wearing Hitler moustaches
29/10/2014- An entire high school class in Germany is being investigated into after the teenage pupils allegedly started greeting each other with 'Heil Hitler' and com-municating in Nazi slogans. Parents and authorities are horrified after it emerged that some of the 29 student have been swapping Nazi sayings and slogans throughout the school day on instant messaging-app WhatsApp. Photos of 14 and 15-year-old students at a school near Leipzig in east Germany show them giving Nazi salutes and wearing Hitler moustaches. Students in class 9A at the Landsberg Gymnasiums near Leipzig regularly made anti-Jewish slurs on the messaging app, while praising Hitler as a 'great man,' local media reports. Photos appeared in Germany's biggest newspaper BILD on Tuesday showing individuals giving the Hitler salute: one boy who was wearing a stuck-on Hitler moustache had his face blacked out.
One of the messages from a student made a Holocaust joke that read: 'Why did Hitler kill himself? The Jews sent him the gas bill.' Parents of students in the class are outraged following the reports, pointing out the unlikelihood that an entire class of teenagers would be involved, and that the media has been tarnishing all 29 students with the same brush. Eli Gampel, 54, who has a son in the class, said: 'These discussions about the Nazi class from Landsberg are a load of rubbish. I thought it was a bad dream when I opened newspapers and read the article." Gampel, the former head of the local Halle Jewish Community, said his son had experienced harassment from someone at the school. 'My son told me that someone had stuck a far-right NPD [National Democratic Party] sticker on his jacket. It was well known it seems that he was Jewish.'
'I have made a formal complaint with police for an investigation, but on the other hand it would definitely be the wrong thing to simply accuse the entire class and tar them with the same brush.' He said that it seemed a massive taboo had been imposed in the class banning anybody including his son from talking about it. He said: 'Even after I read about it, I found it difficult to get him to talk about what went on. It was only through a lengthy discussion that he admitted what was in the newspa-per article was essentially true.' A spokesman the state educational affairs minister in Saxony-Anhalt said: 'I am shocked. If this is true there can only be one way for-ward here: zero tolerance!' The WhatsApp exchanges have been handed over to police and prosecutors.
The school headmaster Lutz Feudel said the entire school had been shocked about the secret Nazi sympathisers which he said were confined to one class. He added that getting to the bottom of how it happened was difficult because the autumn break had already started. He said that the parents of two of the children had been invited to a discussion together with their children, but that a third who they wanted to speak to was on holiday in Spain with their parents. He added that he did not want instantly accuse the children, saying: 'Breaking taboos is part of young adulthood. I don't believe that they wanted to actively promote neo-Nazi ideology.' Any public display of Nazi symbols, salutes or phrases is a strictly forbidden act in modern-day Germany which can carry a first offence penalty of up to six months in jail.
All the class students, like all children in Germany, have visited a Nazi concentration camp and regularly learn about the excesses of the Third Reich in classes. Police said two teenagers are under investigation while a more extensive probe gets underway next week when the school reopens after the half-term break. Media reports said a psychologist has been arranged to meet with the children, teachers and their parents next week to try to get to the bottom of the fascination with Nazism. Neo-Nazi groups significantly stepped up their recruitment of children in recent years. The state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern near Berlin has started carrying out background checks on would-be kindergarten employees after it was discovered several had been infiltrated by far-right females.
© The Daily Mail.
Germany: Hooligan marches 'likely to be banned'
The German Police Union (DPolG) said on Wednesday that future anti-Islamic marches by hooligan groups, which are planned for Berlin and Hamburg and caused chaos in Cologne on Sunday, could be banned.
29/10/2014- “The chances that a ban on gatherings would be confirmed by the courts have increased dramatically” DPolG president Rainer Wendt told the Passauer Neue Presse. “We must treat hooligans, Salafists and all kinds of violent people more toughly,” Wendt added. Cologne police have begun searching photo and video evidence collected over the weekend to back up proposals for a ban on future marches. But demonstrations are already planned for Berlin and Hamburg on November 15th under the banner of “Europe against the Terror of the Islamic State”. North Rhine-Westphalia interior minister Ralf Jäger said on Wednesday that the authorities “must use the lessons learned from Cologne”, the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung reported.
The case to ban the anti-Islamic group protesting could be formed by arguing that they are gathering “for the purpose of committing crimes", he said, which would affect their right to assembly. Dirk Heckmann of the University of Passau said Germany's Supreme Court was very strict about allowing bans affecting the right to assembly. Other lawyers argue that the country's constitution only guarantees the right to gather peacefully and without weapons. Former judge at the North Rhine-Westphalia constitutional court Michael Bertrams told the Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger that the constitution guarantees the right to assembly, but bans or constraints on that right were allowed in special cases. However, a ban would require a “careful legal justification” to be accepted by the courts, he said.
Beyond the question of a ban on further demonstrations, the Federation of German Detectives started a separate debate when it called for tough reforms to the law on breach of the peace, saying that it was too easy for perpetrators and their supporters to blend into crowds. But politicians including Interior Minister Thomas de Maizière from the conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU), have ruled that option out.
© The Local - Germany
Germany: 'Hooligan' anti-Islamist rally in Cologne turns violent
Hundreds of self-proclaimed 'hooligans' from rival football clubs and far-right groups have held a protest against Islamists in the western German city of Cologne. Police used water cannons after scuffles broke out.
26/10/2014- There was a heavy police presence in Cologne on Sunday afternoon, as a rally of at least 2,500 people from the "Hooligans Against Salafists" (HoGeSa) group turned violent. The group, mainly made up of rival football fan clubs and far-right extremists, thronged north of the city's central train station, yelling slogans such as "Foreigners out!" A police spokesman told German news agency DPA that two water cannons were deployed, and that riled up protesters had mobbed officers and hurled firecrackers, bottles and rocks at them. "At the moment we're using pepper spray, batons and water cannons to try and get the situation under control," he said. At least 10 officers were injured in the violence. At the same time, around 500 people were holding a counter-demonstration nearby.
On Twitter, witnesses tweeted photos under the #HoGeSa tag. The rally was originally registered with authorities by a member of the extreme right party, Pro NRW, which is under federal surveillance. The HoGeSa, which has neo-Nazi elements among is members, is also being closely monitored by the authorities. In the lead-up to Sunday's demo, experts were reportedly working to compile information about participants attending the event. Rainer Wendt, chair of the German Police Union, said acts of violence and the shouting of radical right-wing slogans would not be tolerated. "The law will be on hand in full force, but with appropriate restraint," he said, adding that officers would have a low threshold when it came to intervening.
Wendt said the hooligan groups and the right-wing scene more generally are trying to exploit anxiety about Islamic extremism in Germany in order to attract new supporters. Salafism is the most widespread form of Islamist extremism in Germany, and calls for a return to the way Muslims lived during the Prophet Mohammed's era. nm/shs (dpa, epd, Reuters)
© The Deutsche Welle.
Germany: 'Hooligans Against Salafists' demo set to unfold
"Hooligans" from rival soccer fan clubs are banding together to protest against Islamist Salafists in Germany. As Neo-Nazis are among them, experts see a potential for violence in Sunday's demonstration in Cologne.
26/10/2014- On a recent Sunday, 300 men and women dressed mostly in black met under a radiant blue sky in central Dortmund - the sun reflecting off of some of the participants' shaved heads. Hooligans Against Salafists, abbreviated HoGeSa in German, is the name this group has given itself after coming together by way of social networks. The meet-up in Dortmund was intended to be a chance for people "to get to know one another" and "have exchanges among each other," according to a video the group put online. "We are Germany," shouts one speaker in the video named Kalle. He's interrupted by clapping and whistling in support before he can manage to get the second sentence out: "We are not right-wing radicals." Various photos posted online by the group show bulging muscles and many tattoos. Some of the symbols used will be well-known to German intelligence authorities because they suggest affiliation with the far right.
The display in Dortmund was remarkable primarily for peacefully bringing together otherwise sworn enemies drawn from various soccer fan clubs. Neo-Nazi politician and activist Siegfried Borchardt, who also goes by the name SS-Siggi, is believed to have helped bring about the collaboration among the groups, and he was on hand in Dortmund. The 60-year-old founded the soccer fan club Borussenfront in the 80s, which came to notoriety for its violent acts and proximity to the right-wing scene. Early this year, Borchardt is also said to have invited his old friends - members of various hooligan groups - to a party to discuss current developments in Germany's football fan scene. They're bothered by one development above all: the growing number of left-wing ultras who oppose the political stance of Borchardt and his allies.
Using the law, not crowbars
"They decided to put an end to that in order to revive old values in the stadiums," says German sociologist Gunter A. Pilz, who researches soccer fan culture. He says they see those values as being manliness, toughness and assertiveness. Seventeen hooligan groups, Pilz says, reached the agreement along with organized neo-Nazis, forming a coalition of around 300 people. Who exactly heads up the group Hooligans Against Salafists remains unclear. At the event in Dortmund, Dominik Roeseler of the right-wing extremist party Pro NRW acted as a spokesman for the group. He was removed from the role for a HoGeSa demonstration planned for Sunday, but the new group's political leanings still seem apparent from its members' social media posts. Recently, the far right band Kategorie C - a fixture within the soccer hooligan scene - dedicated a song to the Hooligans Against Salafists.
On Twitter, users tweeting under the #hogesa tag have written, "This movement must never rest until we are finally in charge of our own country again." One woman wrote, "Germany is finally waking up," while another tweet included a German flag bearing the words, "We don't want a theocracy." Rainer Wendt, chair of the German Police Union, says the hooligan groups and the right-wing scene more generally are merely exploiting the topic of Salafism in Germany in order to mobilize their sympathizers and attract new supporters. Wendt adds that such groups' frequent assertion that the German state is failing in its fight against Islamists is "nonsense," saying, "What these people don't accept is that we're using legal means to address the matter rather than crowbars."
Pro NRW's demonstration on Sunday afternoon in Cologne will be monitored by domestic intelligence authorities. More than 5,000 people have registered their partici-pation on Facebook, claiming to travel in from around Europe and organizing car shares to do so. Local police are alarmed given the potential for violence among a number of the groups expected to be on hand. Experts have been working to compile information on who and what to expect at the event. "The law will be on hand in full force, but with appropriate restraint," said the German Police Union's Rainer Wendt. Acts of violence and the shouting of radical right-wing slogans are not to be allowed, and Wendt says that officers on site will have a low threshold when it comes to intervening.
© The Deutsche Welle.
Germany scrambles to counter lure of Islamic State
At Berlin's inner-city Carl von Ossietzky high school, Islamic State is on everyone's lips, says history and politics teacher Nalan Kilic.
26/10/2014- The pupils, the overwhelming majority of whom have a Turkish background and are Muslim, are anxious to talk about Islamic State's advance, the Syria crisis, the videos they have all seen on Facebook and WhatsApp, and the radical Islam that has convinced hundreds of youths of the same age to leave Germany for the Middle East. "Everybody is asking about it, it is all over the television," said Kilic. The school says it wants to meet its students' need to discuss the militants, while at the same time equipping them with the powers to reject radical Islam. Some of its youngsters have already been approached by radical preachers outside of school in busy Berlin shopping districts. That has created an urgent need here, as elsewhere in Europe, for prevention courses to protect those deemed at risk, as well as deradicalisation programmes for families already touched by extremism.
"We laughed when we saw those first rudimentary extremist videos in 2005," said Aycan Demirel, leader of a government-backed pilot project intended to guard youngsters from radical Islam. "But a new politico-religious movement has grown up out of nothing and taken all of us completely by surprise." Authorities estimate at least 450 people have traveled from Germany to Syria to join jihadist forces, part of a European contingent of around 3,000. Several have died there, at least five have carried out suicide bombings, and there are no signs that the wave of departures is slowing. The government says it wants to reach youths early, before they develop extremist tendencies - acting through schools, social workers and Muslim communities. Authorities are turning partly to the techniques they have built up in preventing and tackling neo-Nazism, anti-Semitism and the radical Left.
Yet strikingly, Germany largely leaves prevention and deradicalisation work to its 16 federal states and has cut national funding to projects run by civil groups. "We have to tackle the roots of radicalisation, and we are much too late," said Greens lawmaker Irene Mihalic, who accuses the government of lacking a national strategy, and underfunding civil society projects which often have the most credibility and resonance with youngsters. The government's written answers to official questions submitted by the Greens revealed the federal government is allocating just 551,316 euros to civil prevention and deradicalisation projects this year - a decrease of roughly 25 percent from last year.
Demirel, who previously ran courses designed to prevent anti-Semitism, has gathered some thirty students, mostly males between 16-17, for his workshop at the Ossietzky school. "One big issue for young people is feeling unaccepted as a Muslim in society. That then creates a fertile hunting ground for radical Islamists, who come along and say yes you are excluded because you are Muslim," said Demirel. Young people have an astonishingly negative picture of the media, he adds, and view it as critical and dismissive of them. Demirel teaches youngsters to develop a more discerning view and not to feel so persecuted. In his workshop he shows a television report by a German public broadcaster about residents' objections to a women-only swimming day at a Munich pool. "It is racist, full of stereotypes, offensive," says one student. They then watch the report again, slowly, in sections. There are some residents whose contempt for the idea, and for Muslims, is manifest. But there are also German councillors who introduced the day and support it. By the end of the session, students accept that German society is not intrinsically hostile.
The students shake their heads when asked if they feel drawn to Islamic State and its propaganda, but they have all seen it. "What these people are doing has nothing to do with Islam," said 17-year-old Yusuf who attends a Koran class outside school. "I don't feel attracted to them, their ideas. But I guess some people find it fulfilling. They look for something which gives them a kick - you go to Syria, you are trained, you fight ... it's an adventure." Yusuf wants to be a film director and sees his future in Germany. Those most likely to travel to Syria are from Germany's Salafist scene, a branch of authoritarian Islam, whose adherents want life to be based on Koranic laws and the lives of the first generations of Muslims. German domestic intelligence calls it Germany's "most dynamic Islamic movement" and estimates the number of Salafists has risen from around 3,800 in 2011 to 5,500 last year. Some groups have been closed down by German authorities, others are closely monitored, but they continue to gain in strength.
Rather than working in concert, Germany's federal states are developing individual strategies to keep tabs on local Salafism which owes much to the charisma of its preachers. German authorities have said many of those who have traveled to Syria were radicalised in Salafist mosques, or were recruited in such circles. However the scene is highly fragmented. Salafist preachers often have no formal theological training, according to Imam Ender Cetin of Berlin's Sehitlik mosque but are often skilled users of the Internet and social media. They tap into youth culture, pre-empting confused teenagers' questions. They have also produced guides to female dress - seizing on some of the tight clothing paired with headscarves you can see on Berlin streets and declaring it 'haram' - banned. "We probably recognised too late that radicalisation was taking hold," said Cetin, acknowledging his mosque cannot compete with the Salafists' mutli-media output. "We try and use theological arguments to re-socialise someone, help them back into society. But we can't do everything."
"Don't Let Them Die"
Islam expert Claudia Dantschke deals with the people already in the grip of Salafist ideology and tries to bring them back from the brink, usually acting through family members. She founded the Hayat (Life) phone line in late 2011, part of Germany's Centre for Democratic Culture (ZEK) which also includes a program to help neo-Nazis exit the far-right scene. "Deradicalisation needs to work on many levels," said Dantschke. "It needs to work on an emotional level, create a viable alternative for people and break their trust in the group and its world view." In her two years working with Hayat, she has seen the rise of Islamic State trigger real panic. Since January 2012 she has dealt with 101 cases, 72 are still active, 29 are closed - 11 of them with a positive outcome. The others either dropped out of contact, a handful went to Syria and may have died there. "Once parents would call and say, I really don't want my child to end up in trouble with the police.' Now they say, 'I don't care if you throw him in a prison cell, just don't let him die in Syria."
Headlines 31 October, 2014
Belgian Muslims Decry Islamophobia
29/10/2013- Living for decades in Belgium, a growing number of Muslim women have been complaining about being excluded from the society because of their veil, blaming recent anti-niqab law for adding to their turmoil. “I’m looking for a job … and here in Belgium there is a new law we cannot work with our veil,” Hind, a 31-year-old Moroccan woman living in Brussels, told Anadolu Agency. “We have to take it off to work,” Hind, who did not want to reveal her last name, added. Women in Belgium risk a maximum fine of 150 euros if they wear a full face veil in public. Belgium and France both banned the wearing of full veils in public last year. Belgium banned the wearing of face-veil in public places in 2011. In 2012, the Belgian Constitutional Court rejected appeals and ruled that the niqab, or face-veil, ban did not violate human rights. As a result on the new law, if any woman failed to comply with the law, she will be punished with a penalty of 137.50 euros ($195) and up to seven days behind bars in jail as a punishment.
For many Muslim women, the restrictions on niqab and even hijab resulted in excluding them from the Belgian society. “When you graduate from any studies and you want any job, they ask you to not wear it,” Esma, a 31-year-old Moroccan doctor who wears a traditional hijab, said. “It’s not allowed in many activities to wear the headscarf,” she said. Belgian Muslims are estimated at 450,000 – out of a 10-million-population – about half of them are from Moroccan origin, while 120,000 are from Turkish origin. Yet, a very small portion estimated to 200 to 300 of the country’s hundreds of thousands of Muslims wear the face veil in public. While hijab is an obligatory code of dress for Muslim women, the majority of Muslim scholars agree that a woman is not obliged to wear the face veil. Scholars believe it is up to women to decide whether to take on the niqab or burqa, a loose outfit covering the whole body from head to toe and wore by some Muslim women.
The recent Muslim concerns were expressed during a Sunday rally protesting the mysterious death of a Muslim in his prison cell. Youssef Tahriki, a 42-year-old father of eight was arrested Sept. 14 after an alleged family argument. He was found dead in his cell the next day. Police have not revealed the details of his death, which is being investigated by the Charlevoix district attorney in Belgium. Tahriki’s death highlights rising tensions in a country in which Muslims say they feel stereotyped and discriminated against. According to the Organization for Security and Cooperation, 614 racist and xenophobic crimes were recorded by law enforcement in the first six months of 2012. Sixty-six people were sentenced to prison for such crimes. Moreover, the recent atrocities committed by the so-called Islamic State (ISIL) have put Muslims under pressure of biased stigmatization of the whole Muslim community.
Elodie, a French-speaking Belgian who attended Sunday’s protest, said the Western media needs to change the way it portrays Muslims in the news and “try to under-stand that being a Muslim is not a problem for anybody.” Esma agreed, noting that those who leave the country to fight took such decision for feeling not accepted in the society they live in. Western media need to be more objective and talk to more people, Esma said. “They have to give the voice to the voiceless,” she said.
© On Islam
Canada: Islamaphobia social experiment leaves actor bloodied by man defending Muslim
A social experiment that ended with an actor posing as an Islamophobe getting punched in the face has shown that Canadians are prepared to defend Muslims in the face of overt racist abuse in the wake of a recent terror attack.
29/10/2014- In an attempt to test whether Canadians feel safe in the presence of Muslims following the fatal shooting of Corporal Nathan Cirillo by an Islamic extremist last week, director Omar Al-Bach conducted the experiment in Cirillo's home town of Hamilton to see how many people would defend a supposed Muslim from verbal abuse. At the start of the video, Al-Bach introduces two actors, "Devin" as an outspoken racist and "Zack" dressed in a traditional Islamic kaftan with a white cap. The video shows members of the public standing up for the victim – with one even prepared to punch the racist in the face after Devin accuses Zack of being a potential terrorist because of the way he looks.
Since it was uploaded 24 hours ago, the video has garnered nearly 300,000 views and the filmmakers went on Canadian channel Global TV yesterday to talk about their social experiment. The film begins with the two actors standing outside a bus stop. "Are you planning on taking a bus? I suggest you take another ride," Devin tells one bystander in the video. The man instantly defends Zack, telling Devin: "You can't stereotype and judge people by their clothes. Or their nationalities or anything else. "What happened there [in Ottawa] was an incident of fanatics. Everybody cannot be punished like that," he adds before becoming so concerned for Zack's safety that he pretends to be his friend.
"I'm sorry, but this is a friend of mine. I'm with him too," he says, adding "true Muslims do not believe in that sh*t, it's fanatics, it's crazy people." "But he could be armed with explosives," argues Devin, to which the man exclaims "so could I!" And when Devin tries to escort Zack away from the bus stop, the travellers ask him to leave instead and warn they will call the police. In another scene, a woman hits back at Devin and argues while Corporal Cirillo's death was tragic "I don't think that's any reason to persecute someone just because of what they're wearing." When Devin accuses Zack of "looking like a terrorist," the woman shouts "f*** you man, what the hell?! Why would you call him a terrorist just because he's dressed like that?"
The film culminates in Devin receiving a swift punch to the face after telling Zack to move away from a nearby building as he "believed" he had explosives strapped to him. Another man who was defending Zack against Devin's inflammatory comments says: "Get the **** out of here bud. You're going to get ****** up." The actor then shouts "it's a social experiment!" to ward of his attackers. Devin addresses the camera at the end, with blood running down his face from his nose, to say that he "appreciates" that various members of the public stood up for Zack even though he got assaulted in the process. Al-Bach ends the film with a tribute to 24-year-old Cirillo. The funeral procession for the soldier was held yesterday with 4,500 people led by his five-year-old son Marco.
© The Independent
Spain: 'Swindler' Gypsies slam Spain's new dictionary
Roma rights groups are to protest against the decision by Spain's Royal Language Academy (RAE) to include a definition of a 'gypsy' as a 'swindler' in their new official dictionary.
29/10/2014- Spain's Association of Roma Feminists for DIversity (AGFD) are planning a demonstration in Madrid on November 7th after learning of the new definition, included in the 23rd edition of the RAE's massive new dictionary of the Spanish language. The previous edition was criticized by the Romani Union in 2012 for defining the word 'gitano' (gypsy), also the name for Spain's Roma community, as 'someone who scams or works through deceit'. As a result of the complaints, the RAE agreed to amend the definition but Roma community groups were outraged when they read the updated version. The offending definition had been removed but a new, 5th definition now described 'gitano' as meaning 'trapacero' (swindler). RAE's dictionary in turn defines 'trapecero' as 'From "swindle": deceptive and unlawful artifice used to harm or defraud someone in a purchase, sale or exchange.'
According to Spanish daily ABC, the AGFD described the use of the word 'gypsy' in that way as "obsolete" and added that it would fuel "a series of prejudices and stereotypes that already exist about our people". They claimed that the inclusion of the definition led them to believe that the RAE's directors "like it, given that they have agreed to legitimize it even though only in a linguistic sense". The association said that the definition's inclusion would help with the "manipulation, segregation and marginalization of an entire people and their culture." Spain's Gypsy Secretariat Foundation (FSG) published the 2012 and 2014 definitions on its website in an article lambasting the RAE's decision. "It must be noted that the gypsy community, both in Spain and across the EU, is one of the least valued social groups and one of those most burdened by old, negative stereotypes and prejudices, with serious discriminatory consequences in daily life," it wrote.
"We at FSG believe that it does not help to depict the Roma people and culture in such a negative sense in an educational reference publication as popular as the RAE dictionary," it added. The academy declined to comment on the issue to news agency AFP, but cited the introduction to its dictionary, which says it takes care to avoid "gratuitously slanted or offensive" definitions. It says it seeks definitions that reflect genuine "linguistic usage" and insists that language "reflects beliefs and perceptions that remain present in society". The new Diccionario de la Lengua Española (Spanish Language Dictionary) has a record 93,111 entries, including around 5,000 new words, many of which proceed from English or other languages, often filtered through the great world of variety which is Spanish as spoken across the American continent.
With new words ranging from 'birra' to 'yihad', the dictionary draws from the worlds or culture, politics and technology to provide a snapshot of the language at large.
© The Local - Spain
Foreign partners more likely to be jobless, isolated in the Netherlands
29/10/2014- People who come to the Netherlands to marry a Dutch national often end up without work, particularly well-educated women, according to a new report from the government’s socio-cultural think-tank SCP. At the same time, the percentage of foreign partners brought to the Netherlands by people from the Turkish and Moroccan communities has gone down sharply. In 2001, 60% of people with a Turkish origin found their partner in their country of origin but this has now dropped to 15%. In the Moroccan community, the percentage has fallen from 55% to 17%.
In particular, women who had good careers are likely to be disappointed with their experiences in the Netherlands, the report says. ‘The Dutch language often forms an obstacle and foreign qualifications are often not highly regarded,’ the report states. ‘Following an educational programme in the Netherlands can also be difficult: they are expensive and there is often no time because of the need to work or take care of a child.’
Twice as many women than men come to the Netherlands as marriage migrants. Native Dutch men are most likely to marry people from the former Soviet Union, Thailand, Indonesia, China and Brazil. Broadcaster Nos quotes the example of Russian national Sacha Swyatkyna who married Dutchman Jan Schuurman four years ago. Sacha, who had a good job in Russia, has been unable to find work in the Netherlands, even as a cleaner. ‘I’m getting depressed by all that staying at home. I want to talk to people, learn things,’ she told the broadcaster. Even offering her services as a free intern has not resulted in any takers. In addition, physical abuse, isolation and abandonment are issues which confront foreign partners, the SCP said. The report is based on interviews with partners and experts but does not include the experience of EU residents who marry Dutch nationals.
© The Dutch News
Russians re-write history to slur Ukraine over war
Vladimir Putin has turned the idea of fascism into a political tool, and now Russian historians are adapting to the Kremlin line.
29/10/2014- The trio of German historians, as well as a handful of their colleagues from Eastern Europe, flew into Moscow last week for what they thought would be a conference on the history of Nazi war crimes. It was the fifth in a series of international summits held every other year since 2006, first in Berlin and Cologne, then in Slovakia and Belarus, to keep alive the memory of the towns and villages destroyed during World War II. But the German co-chairman of the conference, Sven Borsche, began to feel that something was amiss in Moscow as soon as he met his Russian hosts. “All they wanted to talk about was the conflict in Ukraine,” he says. Even without the simultaneous translations provided for the foreign guests, they would have gotten the political message. The photographs shown by several of the Russian speakers put the atrocities of the Nazi SS right alongside pictures from the current war in eastern Ukraine. There is not much difference, the Russian historians suggested, between the actions of the Ukrainian military in its war against separatist rebels and the atrocities that Hitler’s forces committed during World War II.
“Right now, fascism is again raising its head,” declared Yaroslav Trifankov, a senior researcher at the state historical museum in the Russian region of Bryansk, which borders Ukraine. “Right now,” he said from the podium, “our brother Slavs in Ukraine have been so thoroughly duped and brainwashed by their puppet government, which answers only to the U.S. State Department, that they truly have come to see themselves as a superior race.” This rhetoric—calling it an argument would overstate its relation to facts—has recently come into vogue among Russian historians. Under their interpretation of history, the struggle that began with the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 continues for Russia today, in a direct line through the generations, with the conflict in Ukraine. That is the connection President Vladimir Putin first presented to the Russian people in March, when he sent his troops to invade and annex the Ukrainian region of Crimea. The Russian-speaking residents of that peninsula, he said in a speech on the day of the annexation, need Russia’s protection from Ukraine’s new leaders, whom he referred to as “neo-Nazis and anti-Semites.” Ukraine’s ensuing war to prevent Russia from seizing any more of its territory has likewise been branded a fascist campaign against ethnic Russians.
Practically every arm of the Russian state, from the education system to the national police, has since taken up this message. The state media have consistently painted Ukrainian authorities as “fascists” in the service of the U.S. government. In late September, Russia’s main investigative body even opened a criminal probe accusing Ukraine’s leaders of committing “genocide” against ethnic Russians in eastern Ukraine. But the more recent involvement of the nation’s historians has marked a worrying turn in this endeavor. It suggests a willingness to reinterpret even the most sacred chapters of Russian history, as the venue for last week’s conference seemed to suggest. With the exception of the Kremlin’s gilded halls and, perhaps, the nearby tombs of Soviet leaders on Red Square, few places in the Russian capital inspire such awed respect among the locals as the Central Museum to the Great Patriotic War. Its curved colonnade stands on a hill near the center of the city called Poklonnaya Gora, which in rough translation means, “the hill where one bows in respect.” In the center of its inner sanctuary, the white-domed Hall of Glory, an enormous statue of a Soviet soldier stands with a sword at his feet; its sheath bears this inscription: “He who comes to us wielding a sword shall die by the sword.”
The vast rotunda, done up in marble and gold, would be something like the Temple Mount if Russian patriotism were a religion, while the official history of World War II that the museum embodies would be at least a portion of its scripture. By various official estimates, between 20 million and 30 million Soviet citizens died during the war against German fascists – more deaths than any single nation suffered in World War II – and the history of Soviet valor in that war still lies at the core of Russia’s sense of identity. But it has, like any dogma, proven malleable in the mouths of its contemporary preachers. “Nazism is again coming to us from Europe,” says Mikhail Myagkov, one of Russia’s leading historians of the Second World War and a professor of history at the prestigious Moscow State Institute of International Relations, where most of Russia’s top diplomats are educated. “The bacilli of Nazism have not been destroyed. Unfortunately, they have infected, among other countries, our brotherly nation of Ukraine,” he told a press briefing on the eve of the conference at the museum on Poklonnaya Gora.
The following day, in one of its auditoriums, Russian historians took the stage one after the other to draw an explicit link between the Hitler’s Reich and today’s Ukraine. None of them mentioned Russia’s military support for the rebels in eastern Ukraine or the encouragement they got from Russia in rising up against the government in Kiev this spring. Nor did the speakers dwell on the fact that the far right is hardly the driving force of Ukrainian politics. The country’s new President Petro Poroshenko is a liberal Westernizer with no links to Ukrainian nationalist parties, and the supposed popularity of those parties in Ukraine was exposed this week as a Russian fabrication; in the parliamentary elections held on Oct. 26, they failed to win a single seat in the legislature. But from the speeches presented at the conference in Moscow, one would assume that Poroshenko and his allies are all just resurrected Nazis in disguise.
As these speeches were translated for the foreign delegates, including guests from the Czech Republic and Slovakia, their faces turned gradually from confusion to disgust. Joerg Morre, the director of Berlin’s Karlhorst Museum, which focuses on the history of the eastern front in World War II, began to fidget in his seat. “I mean, to show the photographs of the Second World War and then switch in the next slide to what’s happening in Ukraine,” Morre told me during a break in the conference, “No way is that right. Now way!” Borsche, the co-chairman, agreed with him: “It’s polemical!” he said.
As the conference drew to a close, the two of them decided to voice their objections. Morre, springing from his seat, took hold of the microphone and told the hall that he did not agree with the final declaration of the conference, which had been written by its Russian organizers. Specifically, he took issue with the clause that declared, “Our generation is facing the task to deter [the] revival of Fascism and Nazism,” a thinly veiled reference to Ukraine, the German delegates felt. “It has become clear that we have different views on what fascism means today,” Morre told the hall in nearly perfect Russian. “Your point of view is not mine. So I call for this part of the resolution to be removed,” he added. “I do not want to sign it, and I am not the only one.”
After some noisy debate, the delegates agreed to put the matter to a vote. Practically all of the foreign participants raised their hands in favor of deleting the reference to a “revival” of European fascism. All of the Russian participants, including a large group of high school students who had been herded into the auditorium about 15 minutes earlier, had the clear majority in voting to leave the text of the declaration unchanged. So the hosts of the conference won out—a small but telling victory for the cause of Russian revisionism.
Outside the hall, Borsche seemed at a loss for words as he waited in the coat-check line. He had served as one of the initiators of the conference and its co-chairman, flying in from Germany for the occasion to discuss a shared history of suffering during World War II. But he says he had no idea that his Russian colleagues would use it as a chance to promote their political agenda against Ukraine. “That’s not correct,” he told me. If there is some lesson to be learned from the experience, it’s a familiar one, he said: “The more people are convinced of their own opinion, the more they become estranged from other opinions. That’s a real difficult problem.” And as Russia sets out to redefine what Nazism means, it is a problem that Western historians will somehow have to face.
© Time Magazine.
Russian actor who called for gays to be put in ovens banned from entering Latvia
A Russian sitcom actor, who had previously proposed burning all gay people alive in an oven, has been banned from entering Latvia to give a one-man show about religion.
27/10/2014- St Petersburg Times reports Ivan Okhlobystin was banned from entering the country on Friday over anti-gay comments. He was due to give his show about religion in Riga on November 7. Latvia’s Foreign Minister Edgars Rinkevics initially tweeted Friday night that he would issue the entry ban due to statements which he assessed “as ethnic hatred.” In a follow-up tweet he clarified he was referring to Okhlobystin’s claim last year about putting gay people in ovens. “I’d put them all alive in the oven … it’s a living danger to my children,” he was quoted to have said in December, going on to rant about “gay fascism”, and, calling gay people “faggots” and a “physical anomaly”, saying they should be stripped of voting rights. In January, he wrote an open letter to President Vladimir Putin, urging him to restore a Soviet-era law banning homosexuality.
Last week he also said that some victims of the Ebola virus were turning into zombies, explaining that he had heard of many cases in which those who died from the virus mysteriously came back to life several days later. He added he “was not joking” and said he had purchased a crossbow “just in case.” Responding to Rinkevic’s decision, a number of Latvian politicans endorsed the ban. However, Riga’s mayor Nils Usakovs said he felt “very ashamed” for the Foreign Minister. A federal bill banning gay “propaganda” was signed into law by President Putin last year. It prescribes fines for providing information about homosexuality to people under the age of 18 – ranging from 4,000 roubles (£78) for an individual to 1m roubles (£19,620) for organisations.
© Pink News
Finland: Räsänen denies threat to leave gov’t over gay marriage
Christian Democrat leader Päivi Räsänen has said that she will not lead her party out of government over a citizen’s initiative to legalise same-sex marriage. She says a newspaper misinterpreted her remarks, which referred rather to any potential government bill to allow gay marriage.
26/10/2014- Päivi Räsänen, Finland’s Interior Minister and leader of the Christian Democrat party, has denied saying that she would leave the government if a citizen’s initiative to allow gender neutral marriage was passed by parliament. She was quoted by Turun Sanomat as saying that her party could leave government if gay marriage was legalised, but she now says that she would only leave government if the measure was introduced and passed as a government bill. The current attempt to bring in same-sex unions is a citizens’ initiative that received 166,000 signatures and is likely to be voted on by parliament in November. Räsänen says that parliament is free to decide on the matter and her party’s continued participation in government does not depend on the vote. However she notes that the government agreement stipula-ted that the cabinet would not drive through a bill to allow same-sex marriage. “We are keeping our side of the bargain and naturally we trust that our government partners will also keep to our agreement,” said Räsänen. “The government has to concentrate on vital questions about the Finnish economy,” said Räsänen.
Matter of principle
Earlier on Sunday it had looked as though Finland’s four-party coalition government, which has seen the departure of two parties from the original six-party lineup, could come under renewed strain if parliament votes in favour of a bill on gender-neutral marriage that’s due to come before parliament in November. Christian Democrat leader Päivi Räsänen said in an interview with the Turun Sanomat newspaper on Sunday that the issue was especially important to her party. “It’s a matter of principle and it could see us leave,” said Interior Minister Räsänen. Her government colleague, Defence Minister Carl Haglund, was quick to respond in a statement sent out by his Swedish People’s party’s press office.
"Finland needs responsible government"
“Finland is in an unusually challenging economic situation,” Haglund was quoted as saying. “Now there’s a need for responsibility, not political defections from the government. It cannot be that our country’s government’s ability to operate is brought into question just because of a principled opposition to a citizen’s initiative.” There have been several attempts to bring in a same-sex marriage law in Finland. The first to fail was a bill co-signed by National Coalition party MPs Lasse Männistö and Alexander Stubb, who is now Prime Minister—and therefore Räsänen’s boss. When that was rejected at the committee stage, campaigners utilised Finland’s law on citizens’ initiatives. That law means MPs have to consider a proposal that receives at least 50,000 signatures, and the proposal on same-sex marriage received 166,000.
Gov't MPs support gay marriage
The public support was not enough to get the measure through the committee stage, however, and the same Legal Affairs Committee voted against the bill once more. That committee will now prepare a consultation document, but recommend MPs reject same-sex marriage. A full sitting of parliament will consider and vote on the bill at the end of this year, most likely in early November. In February of this year an Yle survey found that majorities of NCP, SDP and Swedish People’s Party MPs said they supported gender-neutral marriage. All six Christian Democrat MPs, meanwhile, said they were firmly opposed to the idea.
© YLE News.
Gay Montenegrins Face Workplace Discrimination
Every third LGBT person in Montenegro has been a victim of homophobia in the workplace and almost half have experienced discrimination, a new survey suggests.
27/10/2014- The survey entitled ‘Discrimination Against LGBT People in the Labour Market’, conducted this month by a network of NGOs called LGBT Forum Progres, said that nearly half of the respondents alleged that they had been discriminated against due to their sexual orientation or gender identity. It says that almost one-fifth of those who work in the public sector that professional advancement became impossible and career opportunities were blocked when their sexual orientation became known. "We have registered dozens of cases in which LGBT people, especially employees in the state or local administration, also suffered from unfair treatment, mostly regarding business trips, the payment of per diem rates, and referral to expert and other training," LGBT Forum Progres said. LGBT Forum Progres estimates that in Montenegro, with its total population of about 650,000, there are 10,000 gay people among the working-age population.
The Montenegrin government has pledged to protect the LGBT community and to adopt anti-discrimination legislation. But NGOs LGBT Forum Proges, Civic Alliance, Queer Montenegro claimed in a statement last month that it has failed to "send a strong political signal" that as a EU membership candidate, all its citizens must be protected and respected by the authorities, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. The latest EU progress report on Montenegro said that although the authorities took further steps to strengthen the protection of the rights of LGBT people, hostility against them remains widespread in society. Attacks on LGBT people continued and criminal convictions for these assaults remain few, the report said.
© Balkan Insight
Ireland:: Waterford anti-Roma protests criticised as ‘cowardly and racist’
Families evacuated after scores of protesters demonstrate outside Manor Street home
27/10/2014- Anti-Roma protests in Waterford city over the weekend have been described as “cowardly, prejudiced and racist” by Minister of State for Equality, Aodhán Ó Ríordáin. Mr Ó Ríordán was speaking after a number of families, including young children and elderly women, had to be evacuated from their homes in the city after upwards of 60 people gathered outside their house in the Manor Street area on Saturday evening, chanting “Roma, out, out, out”. Windows were smashed and a door was kicked in, it was reported. Over 100 gathered in the same place yesterday evening, again shouting anti-Roma slogans. A Garda spokesman confirmed a number of protests took place “at the Manor Street, William Street and McDermott Road areas” last night. “One male in his 40s was arrested for public order offences. He was later released without charge. A file is being prepared for the Director of Public Prosecutions,” he said.
Protestors said they were concerned about the alleged involvement of some members of the Waterford Roma community in crime. There have been Facebook pages, including one titled ‘Get Roma criminal gypsies out’, where posts included: “Burn the cockroaches out” and “Throw them in the river” and called people “Roma c**ts”. This page was taken down yesterday and a new page was posted, titled ‘Make Waterford a safer place’. It said: “ok lads this page is to be peaceful and not discrimi-nate against anyone because if your found doing this you will be banned from the page as its not about who they are its about what there doing and what the gardai are doing to stop there crimes we need to stand up and show them we will not back down and be victims for there crime while gardai are protecting them (sic)”. Mr Ó Ríordán said it was “completely and utterly wrong to tarnish an entire community” because of concerns about criminality by some.
“This sort of vigilanteism has no place in Irish society. My fear is that genuine concerns about crime are being whipped up and manipulated by unsavoury elements. They are targeting a vulnerable group, a soft target.” Local Labour Party TD, Ciara Conway, called on anyone with concerns about criminality to bring them to the Gardai. “There are many nationalities involved in street crime in Ireland, the Irish chief among them,” she said. “You wouldn’t find mobs gathered outside the house of an Irish framily if they thought they were involved in crime. The Roma are weak and marginalised.” Sinn Féin senator from the area, David Cullinane, said events over the weekend were “completely unacceptable”. “There can be no room in our society for rough justice. If anyone has information relating to allegations of criminality they should bring it forward to the appropriate authorities,” he said. Gaby Muntean, a Roma community development worker, said the community were “very, very scared of what is happening”.
An anti-racism rally will take place in the city on Wednesday evening at 5.30 pm in Railway Square.
© The Irish Times.
Mob Violence Has No Place in Ireland (press statement)
26/10/2014- Pavee Point strongly condemns any actions to intimidate and promote violence against Roma in Waterford. This follows the publication of multiple Face-book pages which openly incite hatred against Roma, and reports of a public order incident on Saturday evening where up to 100 people are reported to have gathered outside the home of Roma living in Waterford. The content on Facebook pages to date have shown huge misinformation and racism towards Roma and have included inflam-matory, dehumanising and violent language. There is a clear link between online hate speech and hate crime and there is an urgent need to address the use of the inter-net to perpetuate anti-Roma hate speech and to organise violence.
European institutions and groups such as the European Roma Rights Centre have raised concerns about rising violence in Europe and the strengthening of extremist and openly racist groups which spread hate speech and organise anti-Roma marches. Attacks in other European countries have included several murders of Roma. We don’t want this to become a feature in Ireland. “Anti-Roma racism does not occur in a vacuum and we now need strong public and political leaders to be visible, vocal and openly condemn anti-Roma actions in Waterford” said Siobhan Curran, Roma Project Coordinator Pavee Point. “At a national level a progressive national strategy to support Roma inclusion in Ireland needs to be developed as a matter of urgency” she continued.
Pavee Point calls on all elements of the media to take on board the recommendations from the Logan Report and avoid sensationalist and irresponsible reporting.
© Pavee Point
Hungarian mayor wants to replace Roma slum with football stadium
26/10/2014- Hundreds of Roma (Gypsy) families in the Hungarian city Miskolc fear they will be evicted and banished in the name of urban development. Local authori-ties have said they want to proceed with a slum demolition drive in order to pave the way for a football stadium and parking lot. About 1,000 Roma live in homes built as workers’ settlements more than 50 years ago, reports The Budapest Times. According to Miskolc’s new mayor, Ákos Kriza, the stadium is important for the city’s urban development. “Both for reasons of public safety and health the existence of slums cannot be tolerated any more,” he said in an interview with the online maga-zine Index. Kriza is not alone. He reportedly has the support of his non-Roma. Some 35,000 residents signed a petition calling for the demolition of the slum, which is located in the so-called “numbered streets” area of the city.
In a televised interview, Kriza said: “We cannot expect more than 10,000 football fans to march through a slum each time they would like to get into the stadium. Of course we will provide the rightful inhabitants with other accommodation. We are working with social sensitivity and we decide separately on each family.” Critics, however, are questioning the “social sensitivity” the mayor is promising. According to The Budapest Times, only Roma tenants with a valid lease will receive compensation. This means the majority are at risk of being evicted without any compensation. Worse still is they will have no where to go since neighbouring towns will not be keen to welcome them. “Miskolc is trying to clear out the Gypsies,” Attila Tamás, an independent Roma activist, told The Budapest Times. “I would be happy if the segregation would end but the goal of the politicians in Miskolc is to send away the poor people instead of looking for a solution.”
© New Europe
Malta: Valletta one of Europe’s most xenophobic capitals
26/10/2014- In what may be oddly appropriate for a city built specifically to fend off foreign invaders, Valletta is one of the European capital cities that is least tolerant of foreigners, an EU survey shows. But Valletta residents' attitudes towards the foreigners in their midst appear to be highly polarised: according to the same survey, they are also the most likely to strongly believe that their city's foreign residents are well-integrated. The European capital that is most hostile to foreign residents - and by a wide margin - is Athens, which is at the top of the list on both counts. A staggering 44 per cent of Athenians absolutely agreed that foreign residents negative-ly affect their city - a proportion far above that recorded in any other European capital. Rome is ranked a distant second, with "just" 16 per cent of Romans arguing that foreign residents are detrimental to their city. Valletta is a close third with 15 per cent.
The most tolerant European capital appears to be Tallinn: just one per cent of the Estonian capital's residents believed foreigners are bad for their city. Just two per cent of residents in Copenhagen and Vilnius feel the same. The figures show that there is little, if any, correlation between the proportion of foreign citizens in a city and the local population's opposition to them. In the capital city with the highest proportion of foreign residents - Luxembourg City, with 63.8 per cent - just three per cent were convinced that foreigners had a negative effect, the same proportion as in the capital with the lowest proportion of foreigners, Warsaw (0.3 per cent). In Athens, 17.6 per cent of residents are foreign, compared to 8.5 per cent in Rome and just 4.1 per cent in Valletta. But a similar question, on whether foreign residents were well-integrated, suggests that the situation in Valletta is not as straightforward as one might think.
The survey shows that 28 per cent of Valletta residents believe that the city's foreign residents are well-integrated, a proportion only surpassed in Ljubljana (35 per cent). In Luxembourg - the only European capital where foreigners are a majority - 22 per cent of residents believed that this majority was well-integrated. As explai-ned above, Athens fares the worst: just three per cent of Athenians felt that foreigners were well-integrated. In six other European capitals - Berlin, Helsinki, Oslo, Rome, Stockholm and Vienna - only four per cent felt the same: but with the exception of Rome, only a small proportion of each city's residents strongly felt that foreigners badly affected their city. The fact that residents of the capitals of Greece, Italy and Malta - three countries on Europe's southern border, and the first port of call for many asylum seekers making their way to Europe - did not escape the European Network Against Racism, which noted that this, along with the economic crisis, has fuelled xenophobia in the three countries.
"These countries are known for their restrictive migration policies and negative media and political discourses about migration," ENAR director Michael Privot said. "As an example, Maltese policies include measures of systematic detention of asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants, who are treated like criminals and as a result often perceived as such by the population."
© The Malta Independent
Gay community hit hard by Middle East turmoil
29/10/2014- Jawad worked in sales in Syria before the war began. When his father found out he was gay, he had him arrested. After five years of hard labour, he emer-ged a broken man, only to find his country at war. Estranged from his family, he found himself dangerously exposed. Soon after his release, he was gang raped at gun point by four men from an armed group. "They could tell I was gay," he told me, through stifled sobs, looking out over the Beirut cityscape. His vulnerability made him an easy target for this brutal weapon of war. Now in Lebanon, where he thought he could start again, he works as a prostitute. "I have nothing but my body to sell. That was my reward for the Syrian revolution."
It might come as little surprise that gay men and women don't have the easiest time in the Middle East. But it was not always so. In many ways modern attitudes to homosexuality in the Middle East are similar to western European attitudes of the 19th and 20th Century - religious zeal and a specific vision of gender roles. Those convicted of committing homosexual acts in Europe faced the death penalty. In the Middle East at this time, same-sex relations were relatively commonplace and accepted. But colonialism brought the influence of Western prudishness and a codification of anti-gay laws. The result was that homosexuality became effectively illegal in every Arab country. From "debauchery" in Egypt, to anti-sodomy laws in Tunisia and "acts against nature" in Lebanon - now all enforced with varying levels of severity. While western Europe became more accepting, the Middle East went the opposite direction. Now in a context of increasingly deeply conservative cultural and religious attitudes, the prospects for change are grim.
But the distant memory of "the Arab Spring" did promise some change. Protests across the region called for "dignity" and "respect" - values long associated with the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) movement. From Egypt to Syria, these dreams have turned into nightmares for most - not just the gay community. But meeting with gay refugees in Lebanon demonstrated why their plight is perhaps especially significant - gay people have become refugees from both their country, and their families. This is a region where the family or ethnic network provides not just emotional support, but much of the practical help the state is unable to deliver. In a time of war, where the state begins to break down, these connections become vital for survival. When a Syrian refugee arrives in Lebanon, Jordan or Turkey, they often have someone they can call - a relative, a friend, even just an old neighbour. But without family support, a gay man or woman fleeing the war does so totally alone.
None of the gay men and women I met had anyone to call. And some - even after escaping the regime or Islamic State - had been hunted down by their own families. The very opposite to the kind of care and help they needed. Gay people become targets of the state, the groups fighting it, and their own families. "When you lose the familiarity of your surroundings, you are left exposed and in danger," says Tarek Zeidan, from Helem, a long running LGBT non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Lebanon. "It is secrecy that keeps most gay people alive in the Middle East." That familiarity is totally shattered when a gay refugee arrives in a foreign country, often living in close quarters with people who would do him harm. In some cases - such as Jawad's - they turn to what Tarek calls "survival sex".
It is not known what proportion of the millions of refugees fleeing Syria are gay because most don't register with the UN, but young LGBT men and women escaping the war appear every day at the offices of Proud Lebanon, one of the only NGOs in the region helping the LGBT community. Its director, Bertho Makso, explained what it's like being gay and Syrian in Lebanon: "Well you know he will be carrying all the problems that he was facing in his country. "He'll flee to Lebanon hoping that he will be accepted. It's true that the image of Lebanon is reflecting an open-minded society. "However, it's not the case in all the societies in Lebanon, because Lebanon is many Lebanons. And in every society there is discrimination and trauma. "He faces a double discrimination. First because he is Syrian, and second because he is LGBT." It is perhaps their status as a minority that makes gay people vulnerable in the Middle East.
The rise of Islamist regimes in the wake of popular uprisings may have reinforced already conservative attitudes towards them, but new regimes keen on consolidating power have - whatever their political or religious leaning - found in the gay community an easy target. It is almost impossible to formulate an accurate overview of attacks or arrests of LGBT people. They are rarely recorded on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity and often governments simply deny them. Victims are also often too scared to come forward. But in Egypt, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has not reversed the practices of his predecessors. Indeed, the crackdowns have got worse and anal testing - the crude medical procedure to "prove" homosexual activity - still goes on.
Most recently, the security services were accused of infiltrating online dating sites to entrap gay men. One application, Grindr, actually urged users to hide their identities. In Morocco recently a gay British tourist found himself in prison for "homosexual acts" - it was only after an online petition was set up that he was freed. And in Lebanon, the country's mora-lity police have been accused of brutalising the gay men they take into custody, and performing these same anal tests which are supposed to have been outlawed - charges they deny.
Class and freedom
One refuge in the region for some is Israel, one of the most progressive countries in the world for LGBT rights. Same-sex relationships are protected by law, and the only annual gay pride march in the Middle East takes place in Tel Aviv - regarded as an international gay capital. Since 1993 - well before the US and other Western countries - openly gay people have been allowed to serve in the military. Palestinians from conservative homes have also fled to Israel to avoid persecution. And, of course, the experiences of gay people in the Middle East are as varied and contrasting as the region itself. Living an openly gay life in Saudi Arabia, for example, would be impossible and vastly different compared with an open life in Lebanon. But as with so much in the region, socio-economic status dictates relative freedom. Bars and clubs for gay people do exist in Lebanon, for example, but these are only really accessible to those who can afford their expensive drinks.
Ahmed, a successful businessman from Sidon, is "out" to some of his friends. But, he told me, this is because "I can afford to be". When it comes to telling his family, that is a different story. They own the company for which he works, and he fears telling them would remove the very economic freedom that allows him to live at least part of his life as a gay man. Jawad and the men I met at Proud live a very different life. They have become the targets of a nation struggling to support the huge number of refugees coming into Lebanon. Like other minorities, they are easily blamed for problems for which they bear little responsibility. Facing these issues without their families - or even against them - makes their struggle almost impossible to deal with.
Fighting for their rights
Rights groups continue to fight for LGBT freedoms in the region, combating widespread homophobia in society to ensure political leaders can find no willing constitu-ency for their anti-gay views. Gay activism is difficult, and often restricted to the internet because of the lack of public support. GayEgypt.com was one forum for people to discuss their sexualities and religious beliefs in a safer place - but had to close under constant threat of infiltration by the security services. Boris Dittrich, from Human Rights Watch, explains how the organisation tackles the issue. "Our experience in the Middle East is that singling out LGBT people as a vulnerable group doesn't resonate with the general audience or with decision makers. "They will view LGBT people as a separate category they can neglect. "Best is to embed attention to human rights abuses against LGBT people in a bigger frame. "For instance address the issue of police abuse against several vulnerable groups - migrants, people with disabilities, unmarried women, drugs users et cetera - and include information about abuse of LGBT people.
"Social attitudes might change when the general audience can relate to personal stories of LGBT people. They then will realise their son or daughter, their neighbour or colleague could be gay or lesbian. "The problems of LGBT people thus become concrete and relatable. Usually, straight allies are convincing partners to address discrimination of LGBT people." It may seem as though gay rights come far down the list of priorities in a region plagued by war and violence. As a gay friend in Egypt told me when I asked him if he thought he'd have an easier life after President Hosni Mubarak was toppled: "One thing at a time." But as Sherine el Feki, author of Sex and the Citadel, points out: "Gay rights are human rights. You can't distinguish one from the other." It has been a turbulent few years in a region of people struggling to forge better lives. A truly democratic system, some would argue, is a more pluralistic one. Perhaps one of the true markers of success will be how its minorities come to be treated - including the LGBT community.
© BBC News
UK: Why I Quit the Gov's Anti-Muslim Hatred Working Group (opinion)
By Dr Chris Allen, Lecturer at the University of Birmingham's Institute of Applied Social Studies and expert on Islamophobia
30/10/2014- Shortly after the re-launch of the All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Islamophobia in November 2011, I was invited to join the newly formed Cross-Government Anti-Muslim Hatred Working Group hosted in the Department for Communities and Local Government. My understanding was that the Working Group would work closely with the APPG on common themes - as the Anti-Semitism equivalent had done previously - and was to be made up of members from Muslim and civil society organisations plus imams and academics with relevant expertise. With expectations high, I accepted the invitation and joined the group as an independent member, my time and involvement funded solely by my academic institution.
Three years on and having personally submitted around half a dozen briefing papers to the group and associated politicians, I have now resigned my position, disillusi-oned by both group and government's shared inability to even begin to move forward the issue of tackling Islamophobia. Having always been open about being a member, I was regularly asked what the group was doing. Sadly, I always had to be hopeful rather than specific, knowing there was always very little of import in the pipeline. While we should have been demanding politicians set out what they were intending to do about the 65% increase in anti-Muslim hate crimes recorded by the Metropolitan Police in the past year, we were instead being asked to promote the Big Iftar, Srebrenica Memorial Day or identify Muslim organisations to participate in social media workshops. Each has a value of course but none are likely - in my opinion - to change the mindset of those who think it's OK to spit at, verbally abuse or be violent towards someone just because they're Muslim.
And this is where the problem lies. Whether it was the murder of Mohammed Saleem in Birmingham last year, the bombs left outside mosques in the West Midlands, calls for a ban on the niqab in hospitals, or the hoax allegations made via Operation Trojan Horse, the voice of the group was non-existent. Probably because some were too scared to put their heads above the parapet, others fearful of losing their seat at the government's table, the group let the politicians off the hook. It had no bite, no influence, no impact. For me, this was most apparent when some of us sent letters requesting meetings with ministers from the departments of health and education: one was ignored, the other declined.
And what of my role?
In spite of recent suggestions that the group had strengthened the evidence base relating to anti-Muslim prejudice through 'academic research', the harsh reality is somewhat different. In fact there has been no 'academic research' to have emerged from the group, let alone funded by it or indeed government. Consequently all the research I've undertaken since becoming a member was wholly independent of the group rather than because of it. The question then is what was I there for. Combi-ned with the impotence of the APPG on Islamophobia it now feels that the opportunities and expectations of three years ago have been sadly lost, both group and government having collectively failed to create the forward momentum necessary if Islamophobia was ever to have been realistically tackled. Where we go now and how we go about it remains unclear for the time being at least.
© The Huffington Post - UK
UK: Cabbie scarred for life after alleged race-hate stabbing
Javad Iqbal, a father-of-five, needed six stitches following the attack as he dropped off a passenger in the early hours of Sunday in Rochdale
29/10/2014- A taxi driver was stabbed in the face during an alleged race-hate attack. Father-of-five Javad Iqbal, 48, needed six stitches after the attack in Rochdale. He was assaulted after dropping off a punter in the town just before 2am on Sunday. Mr Iqbal, from Deeplish, Rochdale, had to go to hospital and his Toyota Avensis was damaged during the incident. It is believed to be the second stabbing of an Asian taxi driver in the borough in the last two weeks. Mr Iqbal’s boss Abrar Hussain Junior, 43, director of No 1 Diamond Cars in Middleton, said: “One can only put it down as a hate crime. What else can it be? “You don’t go around stabbing someone unless you have a beef with somebody. “This is the second stabbing of taxi drivers in Rochdale borough in two weeks.
“Sadly, the drivers don’t get enough protection. If a taxi driver tries to restrain someone for not paying, the council will take their licence away. “Two weeks ago another driver (at another firm) took a customer from Cheetham Hill to Middleton. He started kicking his car, ran into a house and brought out a knife and stabbed the driver in the face as well. “I’ve worked in Middleton for the last 16 years. I’ve know taxi drivers be assaulted and I’ve known customers do runners. It happens all the time. It’s one of those things. We don’t even tell the police. We just get on with it. But I’ve never known a taxi driver to be stabbed.” He added that the attacks could be linked to animosity towards Asian taxi drivers following the town’s child sex grooming scandal in which two of those jailed were taxi drivers. Stephen Campbell, the boss of Car 2000 in Heywood, last week reversed a policy to offer white drivers on request following a protest by Asian cabbies who complained they were ‘treated like paedophiles’.
UPDATE: A man has been charged with committing grievous bodily harm with intent, possessing a bladed article in a public place, criminal damage and racially or religiously aggravated criminal damage in connection with the incident. He was remanded in custody when he appeared before magistrates. He will re-appear at Minshull Street Crown Court next month.
© The Manchester Evening News.
UK: BNP splinter group praises Mark Reckless, says Ukip is 'singing from same hymn sheet'
Footage emerges of Jayda Fransen, Britain First's deputy leader, saying 'absolutely' no difference between the two parties and cheering Tory defector for joining Ukip
29/10/2014- A BNP splinter group has publicly backed Mark Reckless and praised the UK Independence Party for "singing from the exact same hymn sheet" on policies. Jayda Fransen, Britain First's deputy leader, said there was "absolutely" no difference between the two parties, despite Nigel Farage repeatedly disassociating Ukip from far-right groups. She also praised Mr Reckless's defection from the Tories and urged Britain First supporters considering backing a larger party to vote Ukip in this month's Rochester by-election. The comments emerged after Ukip was forced to distance itself from Britain First when David Schofield, a former Ukip council candidate for Enfield, was pictured posing with Ms Fransen. Britain First is led by former BNP Councilor Paul Golding and describes itself as a "street defence organisation" leading the "fightback" against Islamic extremists.
In a video posted on the group's Facebook page, Ms Fransen, the party's Rochester by-election candidate, discussed campaigning in the constituency and her rival candidate, Mr Reckless. "We wish Mark Reckless all the best. You know we’re fully in support of the move that he made," Ms Fransen said. "All the people that we see today that are Ukip supporters and that are pushing the Ukip message seem to be singing from the exact same hymn sheet as Britain First. You know I can’t see absolutely any difference between the parties, so it's really good to see them". She added: "What we’ve been saying to the public is look there are two credible parties who have candidates standing in this by-election, the first is Britain First and the second is Ukip. If you don’t vote Britain First then vote Ukip because quite frankly, as I say, the old gang and these alternatives haven’t got your interest at heart."
Such a public endorsement is unlikely to be welcomed by Mr Farage, who has made efforts to severe perceived links with the far-right in recent years amid the party's growing popularity. It is not the first time Britain First has linked itself to Ukip, with the group's Scottish branch offering armed protection for Mr Farage's visit to Edinburgh earlier this year. Douglas Carswell, the Tory defector who recently became Ukip's first MP, said he had secured promises the party was not associated with extremist political groups before he switched sides. A Ukip spokesman reiterated this week: "We have no connection with Britain First and reject any association with them."
© The Telegraph
UK: Home Office defends decision to halt migrant rescues
Department says helping vessels acts as ‘pull factor’ but rights groups say escaping war and famine is more likely motive.
28/10/2014- The Home Office has defended its decision to end British support for search-and-rescue operations for migrants in danger of drowning in the Mediterrane-an, after criticism that it marked an ethical nadir for Britain. A statement said the decision agreed by the home secretary, Theresa May, with other European interior ministers this month had been taken because the rescue operations, which had so far saved the lives of more than 150,000 migrants, were acting as a “pull factor” for illegal migration. “Ministers across Europe have expressed concerns that search-and-rescue operations in the Mediterranean … [are] encouraging people to make dangerous crossings in the expectation of rescue. This has led to more deaths as traffickers have exploited the situation using boats that are unfit to make the crossing,” the statement said.
But Amnesty International’s UK director, Kate Allen, denied that saving lives was a pull factor and said history would judge May’s decision as unforgiveable. “This is a very dark day for the moral standing of the UK. When the hour came, the UK turned its back on despairing people and left them to drown.” Allen said that the Italian navy’s “desperately needed” search-and-rescue operation in the Mediterranean had saved thousands of lives and other European countries should be stepping up to share that responsibility with them, not shirking it. “The vague prospect of rescue has never been the incentive. War, poverty and persecution are what make desperate people take terrible risks. History will judge this decision as unforgiveable,” she said.
The shadow home secretary, Yvette Cooper, said: “Home Office ministers seem to be saying that European countries should deliberately turn our backs on those whose lives and safety are at risk in order to set an example for others. That’s never been the British way. We should be working with other countries to renew efforts to stop people attempting this dangerous journey in the first place, not calling on everyone to stand aside and let men, women and children drown.” Sarah Teather, the former Liberal Democrat minister for children and families and chair of the all-party group on refugees, also strongly condemned May’s decision. “This decision is deeply depressing,” she said. “We would rather let people drown for nothing other than baseless political motives. It shows that when it comes to immigration, the government has plumbed new depths of inhumanity.”
Teather said that it was no use pretending the problem had nothing to do with Britain and “to wash our hands as people died”. She said that the attempt to turn Europe into a fortress, with no safe routes in, was forcing migrants to risk their lives. “We are forcing people to choose between dying in their own war-torn country and drowning in the sea.” A Home Office spokesperson confirmed that May backed the decision at the last EU justice and home affairs council, when the decision was taken to bring to an end the existing Italian-led search-and-rescue operation called Mare Nostrum. It is to be replaced with a much more limited EU “border protection” operation codenamed Triton run by Frontex, the EU’s external border agency, which will operate within 30 miles of the Italian coast and will not conduct search-and-rescue missions.
However, the Italian navy said yesterdayon Tuesday that it will continue the Mare Nostrum search-and-rescue mission because no order has so far been received from the Italian government to stop. Admiral Filippo Maria Foffi, the navy’s commander-in-chief, told a conference in Brussels that the Italian navy had no intention of standing down, and hinted at a division within the Italian government on the issue. Mare Nostrum received around €30m (£24m) from the European commission after the Lampedusa tragedy in 2013, although no further funding applications have so far been received from Rome. Human rights organisations have raised fears that more migrants and refugees will die in their attempt to reach Europe from the north African coast. The hard-pressed Italian navy will be left to mount what search-and-rescue operations it can. The new European operation will have only a third of the resources of the Italian operation that is being phased out.
British policy was quietly spelled out in a recent House of Lords written answer by the new Foreign Office minister, Lady Anelay: “We do not support planned search-and rescue operations in the Mediterranean,” she said, adding that the government believed there was “an unintended ‘pull factor’, encouraging more migrants to attempt the dangerous sea crossing and thereby leading to more tragic and unnecessary deaths”. Anelay said: “The government believes the most effective way to prevent refugees and migrants attempting this dangerous crossing is to focus our attention on countries of origin and transit, as well as taking steps to fight the people-smugglers who wilfully put lives at risk by packing migrants into unseaworthy boats.”
The Home Office told the Guardian the government was not taking part in Operation Triton at present beyond providing one “debriefer” – a single immigration officer – to gather intelligence about the migrants who continue to make the dangerous journey to Italy. Other EU countries have responded to the call for help with two fixed-wing aircraft and three patrol vessels.
© The Guardian
UK: Far Right on Facebook - The group with more likes than all three main parties
With political campaigns increasingly being fought on social media, The Telegraph investigates the rise of Britain First, a tiny group with more likes on Facebook than the three main parties
27/10/2014- Started in 2011 by former BNP members Paul Golding and Jim Dowson, Britain First describes itself as “a patriotic political party and street defence organisation”. The group has amassed almost 500,000 likes on Facebook compared to the Conservatives on 293,000, Labour with 190,000 and the Liberal Democrats’ 104,000. This popularity has led to questions about how the group has managed to gain so many likes when its offline activities seem to draw few supporters in comparison. I met the leader of Britain First, former BNP communications chief Paul Golding, and asked him about the kind of posts the group was using to attract likes. One tactic they employ is to post pictures of animal cruelty with text asking people to “Like and share if you demand far harsher penalties for those who mistreat animals”.
“All the top grossing charities in this country are animal charities and there’s a reason for that. We’re just tuning into the nation’s psyche (by) posting stuff like that,” explained Mr Golding. Creating posts which appear to have little to do with the aims of the group and which seem aimed at simply garnering the most amount of likes is a tactic used by many far right groups according to Carl Miller, a social media researcher for the think tank, Demos. “Far right groups have always wanted to appear more popular and influential than they are, this is one of the ways in which they think they can have influence on mainstream political decisions.” The people who respond to these messages online may not be aware of the kind of activities their likes are being used to support offline. Britain First has run a campaign of what they call ‘Mosque Invasions’. One of these took place at Crayford Mosque, in Kent in July of this year. Filmed by Britain First, the ‘invasion’ consisted of a small group dressed in matching green jackets entering the mosque and demanding to see the Imam.
A gentleman inside the Mosque points out that they are standing on the prayer mat with their shoes on, to which Mr Golding responds “Are you listening?” before demanding that the mosque remove signs denoting separate entrances for men and women outside. The man asks again for the group to leave and eventually convinces them to go after promising to remove the signs. Before leaving, Mr Golding warns him “You’ve got one week to take those signs down otherwise we will.” When challenged about the validity of these tactics, Mr Golding said his organisation would not treat those who followed Islam with respect because, in his opinion, they treated women like second class citizens. “We didn’t make a distinction in the second world war between moderate Nazi’s and extreme Nazi’s did we? We just went to war,” he said. Buoyed by the success of their Facebook page, Britain First plans to stand in the Rochester and Strood by election. How they poll will reveal whether the likes they have accrued online translate into votes offline.
© The Telegraph
UK Scotland: Councillor charged with hate crime is suspended
The deputy leader of the SNP group on Scotland's largest council has been suspended from the party after being reported to prosecutors over an incident during the referendum campaign.
26/10/2014- Glasgow SNP councillor Billy McAllister, 60, has been charged with homophobic breach of the peace and has now been suspended from the SNP pending further investigations. The alleged victim is the partner of former SNP MSP Anne McLaughlin, political activist Graham Campbell. The 47-year-old, who was involved in the Yes campaign and had been a member of Tommy Sheridan's Solidarity Party, has also been reported to the procurator-fiscal on allegations of assault. A Glasgow SNP spokesman said: "Councillor McAllister has been suspended from the SNP group and as a member of the SNP until such times as due legal process has been completed."
The suspension follows allegations of an altercation in Glasgow's Maryhill Road on August 26. It is understood Glasgow MSP Bob Doris was a witness to the incident and that Mr McAllister informed the police of the alleged assault more than 24 hours later.
Following a police interview with Mr Campbell some weeks later, Mr McAllister, who represents the Milton area to the north of the city, was also spoken to ahead of a report to the fiscal. His suspension means that while he continues to be a councillor he may not attend SNP group meetings, share office space with party members or sit with them during council meetings. A police spokeswoman said: "I can confirm a 47- year-old man was reported to the procurator-fiscal for an alleged assault and a 60-year-old man for an alleged homophobic breach of the peace."
© The Herald Scotland
UK Scotland: Holyrood urged to fight transgender discrimination
Tansgender and intersex campaigners will this week urge Scottish politicians to take action to tackle widespread discrimination.
26/10/2014- The Scottish Transgender Alliance and Equality Network said legislation and public attitudes need to change to improve rights for transgender and intersex people, and called for a third gender – for people who do not identify as either male or female – to be introduced in Scotland. At a conference to be held in Edinburgh this week representatives from public bodies including the NHS, Police Scotland and the Prison Service to meet members of the transgender community. Current legislation does not count intersex people – those who are born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that does not seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male – in existing discrimination laws, meaning they can face exclusion in the workplace without any legal recourse. Transgender people can also be exempt from discrimination laws if they have not already begun planning gender reassignment treatment.
A recent study from the Equality Network showed that 98 per cent of transgender people in Scotland say they have faced discrimination. Incidents include verbal and physical abuse and discriminatory treatment in employment and services. The Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2010 found that 49 per cent of people would be unhappy if a family member had a relationship with a transgender person. Nathan Gale, Scottish Transgender Alliance Policy Officer for the Equality Network, said: “Scotland likes to pride itself on our ambition to create a fair and equal society for
everyone, but the rights of transgender and intersex people are too often left behind. “In 2014, equality under the law should be a minimum standard for all citizens but for trans and intersex people we still haven’t achieved it. We also have much further to go to ensure that people no longer experience prejudice and discrimination in their day-to-day lives.
“We cannot truly say that Scotland stands for equality while trans and intersex people are still unable to access basic services that meet their needs, or walk down the street without fear of getting abused.” He said the option of a third gender category had already been introduced in Australia and New Zealand. Campaigners want the introduction of a category known as “other” in Scotland, in line with some other European countries. “We recognise it is going to be a long term campaign,” he said. Organisers said NHS Scotland is failing to meet its national patient waiting time guarantee of 18 weeks from referral to treatment. Instead, transgender patients have to wait up to two years just for an initial appointment, which activists said could have a “damaging impact” on their mental wellbeing. Research has shown that at least a third of transgender people in Scotland attempt suicide. Many cite prejudice and the long barriers to securing gender reassignment treatment as contributing factors.
A Scottish Government spokesman said: “The Scottish Government is fully committed to equality for transgender and intersex people and added the ‘I’ to LGBTI earlier this year as a visible symbol of that. We are working closely with partners such as the Scottish Transgender Alliance (STA) to further develop our understanding of intersex issues and learn from international best practice. The next phase of our ‘Scotland believes in equality’ campaign will include a focus on LGBTI equality. The issue of lengthy waiting times for appointments has been raised with us by the STA and we will look at options which may address the difficulties.”
© The Scotsman
UK: Asian cabbies end strike after boss says he'll no longer offer white drivers on request
More than 50 furious cabbies walked out in protest after owner Stephen Campbell revealed his Car 2000 firm in Heywood allowed callers to specify the race of their driver.
26/10/2014- A group of Asian cabbies have called off their strike after their boss said he would no longer offer white drivers to customers on request. More than 50 furi-ous cabbies from Car 2000, in Heywood, walked out in protest after owner Stephen Campbell revealed his firm allowed callers to specify the race of their driver. They gathered in the town on Friday night to take a stand against the policy – blasting it as ‘racist’ and ‘discriminatory’. But, after Mr Campbell told the M.E.N. his firm would no longer offer the service, the drivers have decided to go back to work for Car 2000. A statement, issued on behalf of the business and the drivers today, said: “Car 2000 does not operate any policy of allocating drivers according to their ethnic background/race.
“Car 2000 has reviewed its practices to ensure that any bad practice that may have crept in has been eliminated. It seeks to operate at all times within the law. “Furthermore, Car 2000’s drivers operate according to the highest professional standards in safeguarding. This is under constant monitoring. “The drivers have returned to work with immediate effect.” “Representatives of all the drivers will continue to meet regularly with management to strive to make Car 2000 an example of best practice. “Car 2000 is grateful to so many members of the local community for their ongoing support.”
Mr Campbell met the drivers to thrash out the issue yesterday after five days of controversy for Car 2000. In 2011, his family took over the business, which was for-merly called Eagle Taxis, which employed two of the nine men jailed a year later for grooming girls. Last week, Mr Campbell told the M.E.N. his staff would provide customers with white drivers on request. He said the firm did this in part to protect his employees. He described one occasion when one of his Asian drivers had been to pick up a customer who refused to get in his car – and this had left the cabbie upset. Mr Campbell, 34, said: “I don’t operate a company that makes people feel bad. I was trying to protect them. But I suppose in protecting them I was contributing to people’s racist beliefs.” He added that all his drivers were aware of the policy but he stopped it immediately when they raised issues with it.
© The Manchester Evening News.
Ukraine Rebels Love Russia, Hate Gays, Threaten Executions
There’s a lot the rebel parliament of Luhansk can’t decide, like their form of government. But jailing gays? That passes with a show of hands.
By Anna Nemtsova
25/10/2014- In the breakaway region that calls itself the Luhansk People’s Republic, in what used to be a Ukrainian government administration building, the place where rebels get together to exchange their most radical ideas is the smoking room. In the dense atmosphere of tobacco and conspiracy, one hot topic has been the death penalty. The council reinstated capital punishment earlier this year. But even such basic questions as what sort of political power should be established have not been resolved. Should Luhansk aim to be a Western democracy? A Communist republic? A monarchy? Failing to decide such key questions, the council opted for a law everyone in the smoking room seemed to agree on: punishment of homosexuals. They voted to imprison people convicted of being gay for two years and six months. And they voted the death penalty, no question about that, for the rape of a minor whether of the same or opposite sex. The law did not stipulate execution for homosexuals, as some media reported. But the question of how it will be interpreted, like so much else in Luhansk, remains an open question.
One would think they had more vital issues to deal with. Part of the territory of Luhansk is still occupied by Ukrainian nationalist forces, and fighting continues despite an agree ceasefire. The violence has taken the lives of more than 3,000 civilians. The war has devastated several parts of the city. For weeks, the residents lived in basements under shelling, bringing water to their homes on bicycles during the breaks between explosions. Banks stopped working. To shop for food at newly opened so-called people’s stores or other grocery shops still selling food products, people often had to cross the town. Morgues were filled with hundreds of dead. But the debate went on about gays, with opinion diverging only on the question of what kind of punishment should be given. Alexander Klodchenko, responsible for international relati-ons, told me over the phone he did not agree with the execution part: “The perverts should be treated at psychiatric hospitals,” Klodchenko said.
In fact, the perverse logic of the Luhansk lawmakers is a reflection of their close ties to Moscow and their hunger for old-time religion, old-time politics, old-time strongmen. Klodchenko says he figures that, after the war ends, Luhansk will be a liberal and democratic republic but, personally, he favors a monarchy. "Luhansk needs a strong Tsar,” he said, suggesting that the separatist region’s elections on November 2 may help point the way. (The rest of Ukraine is voting for a new parliament in Kiev on Sunday) Without reservation, Klodchenko said it is important that Moscow control the separatist parliament: “See, most of my colleagues at the Parliament don’t have any education, so without the Russian Duma’s help, without their instruction and financial aid, we would be nothing,” Klodchenko said. This week, the deputy took a “consulting course” with the Russian state parliament’s parties.
We all know how much the Russian parliament under Russian President Vladimir Putin has done to make LGBT people feel uncomfortable, unwanted and unsafe. But the so-called parliament of the self-declared Luhansk republic decided to go one better. Their anti-gay law was passed with a show of hands on September 26, and anyone who failed to take it seriously would do so at his or her own risk. When the law actually will go into effect is unclear, but the rebels are not shy about demonstrating their strict rules and meting out public punishment. Commanders of the Luhansk Cossacks recently flogged militia soldiers for cursing and drinking, then posted a video of the beatings. The Luhansk anti-gay law discussed by the Luhansk parliament was intended to “defend moral, cultural and religious values,” local reports said.
Back in the smoking room, deputies discussed what to name their new legislation, Klodchenko told me on the phone. “The law defends the Christian traditions of Luhansk’s people from harmful influence by enemy states, such as the European Union, Canada and the USA,” he suggested. What about the death penalty? “When the war is over, we’ll most likely cancel the death penalty, “ Klodchenko said. But when the war really will be over is anyone’s guess.
© The Daily Beast
The French far-right mayor, the pig fest and the halal butcher
Hayange’s National Front leader is supposed to portray a more respectable version of his party
By Roula Khalaf in Hayange
29/10/2014- You’ve probably never heard of Hayange. It’s a town in France’s northeastern steel belt that has fallen on hard times. The Tata steel plant is still a big employer but the ArcelorMittal blast furnace shut down a few years ago. Thanks to Fabien Engelmann, its new far-right mayor, though, Hayange is gaining lively fame, with journalists flocking there as if “on a visit to the zoo”. That’s how Mr Engelmann, who has a passion for animals and a keen admiration for the activism of Brigitte Bardot, describes the media attention. I followed the herd to Hayange, because it’s a sort of laboratory of National Front management in a European political landscape where populist and far-right parties are causing great anxiety. Mr Engelmann is one of more than a dozen National Front mayors elected six months ago. These mayors are supposed to demonstrate a more respectable and mainstream version of the front’s old xenophobic self.
Sadly for party leader Marine Le Pen, Mr Engelmann – a 34-year-old plumber and one-time leftist union activist before he turned far-right official – is doing a poor job at that. Mr Engelmann comes across at first as a serious type, even when dressed in jeans and green vest. He rattles off a list of achievements: better security for a town with 15 per cent unemployment, more flowers on the streets, more festivities and no more drunken youth or aggressive beggars. But then there is the more colourful stuff: the pig festival he staged in town, the battle with the halal butcher, the row over oriental dance and an investigation into his campaign finances. And not to forget the repainting in blue (colour of his party) of an egg-shaped sculpture that he considered “a hideous piece of art that needed refreshing”. As you would expect, Mr Engelmann has strong views about immigration and the supposedly menacing Islamisation of French society.
His problem is the Kosovar and Albanian migrants housed in the town and living on benefits. They are, he says, a “new immigration”, families that produce five to seven children, feed off the French state and want to impose a “middle ages dogma and a religion that is not ours”. He likes the good immigrants, however: Italians and Portuguese, Serbs and Armenians who, he says, have fewer children and find jobs and housing on their own. Mr Engelmann reassures me nonetheless that he has nothing against Muslims. In fact, the September “fête du cochon” was not meant, as I had imagined, as an affront to the Muslim refugees in town, he says. It was simply a revival of a traditional festival in Hayange, which also celebrates a national day of the sheep. Some 2,000 locals showed up to dance, listen to music and eat pork.
Mr Engelmann is a vegetarian so therefore has no preference for a specific type of meat. But he stopped a plan to serve halal meat in schools and says students will have to do with the vegetarian alternative. Unrelated to his sentiment towards halal meat or Islam, however, is his decision to force the halal butcher in town to close on Sundays. “The halal butcher is going to lose,” declares Mr Engelmann, because he’s not a grocer and therefore is breaching the law. After meeting Mr Engelmann, I stopped to see Abdelkader Kharchach, the halal butcher. He sells a lot of groceries in addition to meat and he has a lawyer to fend off the pressure from the mayor. He says the National Front won because people in Hayange have lost faith in politics. Many migrants have left the town since Mr Engelmann took over.
“The mayor can buy me out if he wants,” says Mr Kharchach, but he is neither closing on Sundays nor leaving Hayange. Surely Mr Engelmann has more important things to do than pick a fight with the halal butcher. His campaign finances are being investigated after a former deputy’s claims of irregularity. He denies any wrongdoing and professes not to be worried. This controversy is about score settling, he tells me, by a former colleague who was cast aside. And that’s because she was “a loose cannon” who alienated her colleagues. Among her many offences, apparently, was that she would rush into his office without knocking.
© The Financial Times.
French Muslims Confront Menace Beneath Ban of Veil
For generations France made little effort to include newcomers from its former colonies in North Africa, say critics. Now, two recent bans against religious veiling put French Muslim girls and women at the center of the country's simmering immigration debate.
By Hajer Naili
27/10/2014- Rabha Chatar is scared to walk alone in a big city like this. "I am afraid that I could be attacked, especially if I am with my children," she said. Chatar, 40, who spoke with Women's eNews in a phone interview in September, lives in the small village of Meru, in the Picardie region of France, with her three children and husband. But her fear isn't that of a small-town person in a big metropolis. It's due to her custom of covering her hair with a hijab, part of her way of practicing her Muslim faith. In her town, Chatar feels that her neighbors both know and accept her. But the stories of Muslim women in big cities getting singled out for hate crimes scare her.
Workers at the Paris Opera recently drew international headlines by ejecting a woman wearing a full face veil, or niqab, which Paris outlawed in 2011. But Chatar's fears are not about the niqab, which she doesn't wear. All she wears is a head covering. France began frowning on women in hijab in 2004 when the Parliament passed a ban on the display of religious signs in public schools, which meant schoolgirls could not wear the hijab. In 2012, a similar government rule extended to thousands of older women such as Chatar, forbidding them from escorting their children on school outings. Both bans apply to school settings but for many Muslim women in France today the rulings reach much further, creating a pervasive sense of social prohibition about wearing the hijab that they break at their own risk.
Out of 1,417 Muslims interviewed last year, 2 percent – 30 individuals --reported a physical aggression, found a June 2014 study conducted by the Paris-based Collective Against Islamophobia in France. Women were almost all--97 percent--of those 30 victims. Elsa Ray, spokesperson for the Collective Against Islamophobia, said street aggressions have been more violent in recent years. In the past veiled women were mainly targets of verbal violence, but the aggression has become more physical. "The majority of aggressors are men and we have noticed that some women physically attacked were subjected to sexual touching while they had their clothes ripped off. These are signs of male domination," Ray said in an interview at the collective's office.
Last year, a 16-year-old Muslim woman recounted being attacked by two men in a Paris suburb in a piece published by the Huffington Post. "Then, he grabbed my arms trying to push me to the ground and he started to press his body against mine while he was holding my head. At that moment, the first guy started to touch my breasts. Then, he took a sharp object and started to scar my face with short and quick movements while the second guy was pressing his body against mine and he was blocking my head," the victim, named Aissetou, wrote.
Re-Veiling as Political Act
Ray traces the "re-veiling" trend among younger Muslim women to decades of neglectful treatment by the French government of immigrants from North African coun-tries such as Algeria and Morocco, its former colonial sphere. "We realized that the concessions made in the '70s and '80s didn't help the Muslim community to feel accepted," Ray said, referring to the generations of parents and grandparents who hid their religious practice in order to gain social acceptance and earn livelihoods. Today, younger Muslims born in France are pushing back and claiming their religious identity. The hijab, Ray added, is a piece of cloth worn by women to protect themselves from societal rejection. Ismahane Chouder, co-president of the Paris-based Collective of Feminists for Equality, agrees, citing successive French govern-ments' failure to embrace the children and grandchildren of North African immigrants.
French-born people of North African descent, Chouder said, do not feel accepted as truly French. If they say they are French they will be pushed to describe their family's deeper roots. "Someone who is constantly sent back to their origins cannot feel part of this country, of its history. When you keep emphasizing their origins in an exclusive way, in 8o percent of cases, they will withdraw into themselves," she said. Chouder added that French governments and politicians have been using the principle of "laïcité," or secularism, to impose a specific dress code upon Muslim women. "They keep introducing secularism like a guarantor of gender equality but we are instead witnessing a denaturation of the principles of secularism," Chouder said in an interview in her group's Paris office. "France can't yet tolerate the idea that a woman could define her own identify. They refuse to see women defining themselves and especially in a different fashion from what is seen in the media." Ray, from the Collective Against Islamophobia, added: "France still owns a colonialist and paternalistic spirit."
Two Groups as Highest Risk
Ray said two categories of veiled women are the most vulnerable to incidents: young women aged 13-20 and mothers accompanied by their children. "For young women, it is believed that they are forced to wear the veil, thus they are indoctrinated and it could then be more dangerous," said Ray. "While a mother with her children represents the head of a family along with the values she could pass on to her kids." Two French police unions, Alliance Police Nationale and Synergie Officers, declined to be interviewed about the insecurity faced by Muslim women. "It is a sensitive and complicated issue. And we don't have enough data," Synergie Officers' press person, who didn't want to be identified, said in a brief phone call. Ray said more than 60 percent of the discrimination that veiled women reported came from state-run institutions, citing the findings of her collective's report. "In France, we are mainly facing a 'state-made Islamophobia' practiced by the representatives of the state and public employees."
A veiled woman, for instance, will be asked to remove her headscarf when picking up identification documents at government facilities. She might also be denied access to employment agencies even though no law stands in her way. Ray also cited cases of women who were not allowed to buy gym memberships and restaurants that refused to serve Muslim couples when the women's head was covered. One French town even tried to ban women from wearing hijab on its public beach this summer. The effort was overruled by a French court after two mothers wearing their headscarves were denied access. Ray says the discrimination against Muslim women is spurred by media organizations and politicians who conflate Islam with extremism, fanning Islamophobia across the country. It's been going on for years in two ways, she said; one by the Right and one by the Left.
"Right-wing parties will use a discourse to emphasize the importance of national security. They will use fear, the danger of Islam, the fight against terrorism," Ray said. "Left-wing parties will use discourses promoting the liberation of women, the importance of gender equality, the necessity of freedom, etc." The result is the same: telling Muslim women how not to dress, said Ray.
Hajer Naili is a New York-based reporter for Women's eNews. She has worked for several radio stations and publications in France and North Africa and specializes in Middle East and North Africa women in Islam.
© Women's E News
Front National councillor urges French far-Right party to convert to Islam
A far-right local councillor shocks Marine Le Pen's party by becoming a Muslim and sending Front National officials a video in which he urges them to embrace Islam
25/10/2014- A Front National local councillor has embarrassed France's far-Right party by announcing his recent conversion to Islam – and urging fellow members to join him. Maxence Buttey, 22, offended officials of the anti-immigration party by sending them a video in which he praised the "visionary" virtues of the Koran and urged them to become Muslims. Mr Buttey, a councillor in the eastern Paris suburb of Noisy-le-Grand, said the Front National and Islam had much in common. "Both are demoni-sed and very far from the image portrayed in the media," he told Le Parisien newspaper. "Like Islam, the FN defends the weakest. The party denounces exorbitant interest rates charged on the debt of our country, and Islam is against the practice of usury." Jordan Bardella, a local party secretary, said Mr Buttey had been suspended from a regional FN committee.
"Religion is a private choice which I respect but it must not enter into the sphere of our political activities. The proselytising video which Maxence sent out is unaccep-table," Mr Bardella said. However, Mr Buttey remains a party member and a councillor. The party has no power to sack him from the post. "Some of my voters will be disappointed by my choice," Mr Buttey admitted. "But I'm ready to explain to them that Islam has a mission to unite all men and women." He said he found it difficult to believe the "official" version of the September 11 attacks, adding that there was doubt about the "Merah affair" -- referring to the al-Qaeda inspired French gunman, Mohammed Merah, who killed seven people in the south of France in 2012. "I am against the niqab [full-face veil]," he said, adding that Islam did not call for believers "to cut off heads as the Islamic State group does."
Mr Buttey said he had decided to convert after lengthy discussions with the local imam, whom he met while campaigning for election earlier this year. "I was Catholic but when I reread the Bible I noticed all its inconsistencies," he said. "When I read the Koran thoroughly, I understood that this religion is more open." The leader of the Front National, Marine Le Pen, has objected to schools serving Halal meat for Muslim pupils, a controversial issue in France, which has banned the wearing of the full-face veil in public and headscarves in state schools. It has Europe's largest Muslim population, estimated at six million.
© The Telegraph
UK & FRANCE NEWS week 43
Le Pen: France needs to take control of borders
National Front leader Marine Le Pen visited the northern port city of Calais on Friday where tensions are high as authorities under increasing pressure to control the influx of illegal migrants trying to get to Britain.
24/10/2014- For months the port city, where around 2,500 migrants are camped out in dire conditions, has been struggling to cope with a tide of migrants, each of whom are despe-rate to try to get onto trucks and cross the Channel to Britain. Authorities have been under pressure to deal with the crisis, which worsened this week as migrants fought pitched street battles between other other. With tensions high and anti-immigration sentiment in the city growing, the far-right National Front leader Marine Le Pen chose to visit the city on Friday. Le Pen blasted the government's handling of the crisis. “We need to regain control of our borders and remove all possibility of allowing illegal immigrants to stay. We must wage war on this phenomenon,” Le Pen was quoted as saying by Le Figaro. “Migrants belong in the country where they come from. Of course, we can be sensitive to the plight of migrants, but first I see the plight of people from Calais.” Le Pen’s visit comes the day after France’s Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve announced that 100 extra police officers had been dispatched at the port, bringing the total to 450. However Le Pen slammed Cazeneuve’s approach as “soft”, saying that the extra police were not sufficient to handle the crisis. Needless to say, Le Pen’s presence was not welcomed by the city’s mayor Natacha Bouchart, from the centre-right UMP party, who described her visit as “uncalled for”.
© The Local - France
France sends more cops to quell migrant unrest
After more violence at camps filled with UK-bound migrants around the French Port of Calais, France's top cop is sending more police to try to quell the desperate and tense situation there.
23/10/2014- France's interior minister said on Thursday he had dispatched 100 extra police to the port of Calais --bring the total to 450 -- where an influx of illegal migrants trying to get to Britain is causing more and more havoc. The town has been struggling for months to cope with a tide of migrants trying to slip onto trucks and cross the Channel to Britain, despite a slew of recent measures to tighten security. And this week, violent fights between migrants in an industrial district where many have taken refuge, saw police fire tear gas and seal off the area to try and restore calm. The migrants -- many of whom are from Eritrea and Sudan but also from Syria and other conflict zones -- have several times mobbed a zone in the port where trucks wait to be checked before they board ferries. They are desperate to scramble onto the vehicles to make their way illegally to Britain, which some see as a place where migrants have more opportunity.
In an interview with local daily La Voix du Nord, France's Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve said he had decided to send reinforcements to Calais by dispatching "100 additional police officers, of whom 70 will secure the port permanently 24 hours a day, and 30 others will secure the town centre." This brings the total number of police mobilized to keep order in the port to 450, he added in the interview published Thursday. "The aim is for trucks to be able to move more freely, to avoid them being mobbed, and to strengthen controls while also ensuring the security of migrants who are themselves in danger," Cazeneuve said. On Monday night, a 16-year-old Ethiopian girl was killed after being hit by a car while crossing a motorway in the area, police said, highlighting the dangers involved.
The problem in Calais is not new -- illegal camps of migrants have sprung up in the area since French authorities closed down the infamous Sangatte immigrant detention centre in 2002. But the crisis has spiralled, prompting the city's mayor Natacha Bouchart to threaten last month to shut down the port entirely in protest at London's perceived lack of action or help over the problem. Cazeneuve has said that Britain had since agreed to contribute up to €15 million (£12 million, $19 million) to help deal with the problem.
© The Local - France
French police seal off Calais district after migrant fight
21/10/2014- Police in Calais said Tuesday they sealed off an industrial district of the French port city after a fight between illegal migrants, in the latest incident to hit the northern gateway to Britain. The port has for months been struggling to stem a tide of migrants trying to slip onto trucks and cross the Channel to Britain, despite a slew of recent measures to tighten security. In the latest incident Tuesday, police closed off an industrial area of the city where migrants from Ethiopia and Eritrea were battling each other with sticks, after firing tear gas to try and break up the fight.
The district in the Dunes industrial zone has recently become a refuge for migrants pouring into the port city, and unrest flared up Monday evening and continued into Tuesday. One migrant was detained and dozens were slightly injured during the night, police said. Adding to the general unrest, a 16-year-old Ethiopian girl was killed overnight Monday after being hit by a car while crossing a motorway in the area, police added. On Monday, security forces had already fired tear gas at hundreds of migrants trying to force their way onto trucks waiting to be checked before they boarded ferries bound for Britain.
The problem in Calais is not new -- illegal camps of migrants have sprung up in the area since French authorities closed down the infamous Sangatte immigrant detention centre in 2002. But the crisis has spiralled, prompting the city's mayor Natacha Bouchart to threaten last month to shut down the port entirely in protest at London's perceived lack of action or help over the problem. French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve has said that Britain had since agreed to contribute up to 15 million euros (£12 million, $19 million) to a fund to help deal with the problem. Migrants in Calais mainly come from Sudan or Eritrea but also from Syria and other conflict zones, desperate for an opportunity to get to Britain which they see as having a favourable asylum policy, or where they already have family. French authorities have arrested at least 7,500 illegal immigrants trying to cross the Channel this year.
© Expatica News
France: Marseille's culture clash 3: An old hatred acquires a new face
Part 3 of 3: Anti-Semitism has a long history in Europe. But Jews are feeling increasingly threatened by what they see as a new wave of prejudice – brewed in part by burgeoning extremism in Muslim communities.
24/10/2014- France, like much of Europe these days, is in a period of social tumult. Far-right parties like the National Front are gaining ground and influencing local governments. Muslims face worsening Islamophobia. And the outrage that many Muslims feel about Western and Israeli policies in the Mideast is fostering a very old problem: anti-Semitism. Marseil-le, a multicultural city on the Mediterranean, offers a vantage point onto these related issues. Today, the Monitor reports on how anti-Semitism is rearing its head again in Europe, but now more connected to Muslims than neo-Nazis.
After a Jewish-owned pharmacy was set on fire outside Paris, in a blaze of anti-Israel protest that swept across Europe this summer, Hagay Sobol, a local Jewish leader in the port city of Marseille, reached out to an unlikely ally: a pro-Palestinian Muslim leader.Mr. Sobol, a red-headed father of four, published a joint letter with Nassera Benmarnia in the local media. It stated that the two city councilors were putting aside their differences – without abandoning their respective positions – amid fear that radicalization was growing on both sides. Their move was criticized by some Jews and Muslims alike, when positions were hardening at a time of war. But he says their attempt to find common ground, even if just a small example, is informative across Europe, where Jews feel increasingly threatened by what they perceive as a new wave of anti-Semitism and fear some of the extre-mism brewing in Muslim communities. "We come from very different positions, and we don't agree on what is going on in the Middle East, but we are French and we both want peace,” he says. Even in Marseille, he says, where religious groups have worked harmoniously in the past, Mr. Sobol worries that extremists are testing the limits. “The model of cohabitation in Marseille, that is ancient and that has until now worked, is starting to break down with radicalization,” he says.
'A watershed summer'
Anti-Semitism has a long, grim history in Europe. Jews have faced frequent, often government-led hatred and expulsion for centuries. More recently, political anti-Israeli senti-ment, stemming from policies toward the West Bank and Gaza Strip, has grown as well. But this summer, it was the fact that many European Muslims were at the forefront of anti-Israel protests that signaled a shift. Jochen Bittner, a political editor for the weekly newspaper Die Zeit, wrote in a New York Times opinion piece in September, that in Germany the "new anti-Semitism does not originate solely with the typical white-supremacist neo-Nazi; instead, the ugly truth that many in Europe don’t want to confront is that much of the anti-Jewish animus originates with European people of Muslim background.” As Europe grapples with radicalization of Muslims, some of them converts, Jewish leaders worry about a more virulent strain of anti-Semitism emerging, especially through the help of social media that easily incited crowds this summer.
“This summer was a watershed moment for us,” says Shimon Samuels, who directs the European office of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Paris, a Jewish human rights organiza-tion. Jews in Europe have been troubled by “lone wolf” terrorists, including of a gunmen that killed three children and a rabbi outside a Jewish school in Toulouse, France, in 2012, and the deaths of four at a Jewish museum in Brussels this May, by a French suspect who had returned from Syria. France, like other European nations, has braced for more attacks, and while Jewish leaders stress that all Europeans are at risk by attacks on the West, Jews are the natural target of radical Islamists. "The risk is not theoretical, it is unfortunately real,” says the Grand Rabbi of Paris, Haim Korsia, speaking with foreign journalists last month.
Newly vocal migrant communities
Such fears come as anti-Semitic acts have surged this year. In France, recorded incidents of public anti-Semitism, including vandalism or violence, rose by 91 percent from January to the end of July, compared with the same period the year before, according to figures cited by the Representative Council of Jewish Institutions in France. In Britain, the Jewish charity Community Security Trust reported that July had more anti-Semitic acts than any other month on record. And Germany was so shocked by the anti-Jewish rhetoric on its streets this summer that German Chancellor Angela Merkel made a rare appearance at a peace march. “It hurts me when I hear that young Jewish parents are asking if it's safe to raise their children here or elderly ask if it was right to stay here,” she told the crowd.
Anti-Semitism has flared in Germany, like elsewhere, in the 70 years since World War II, but what was new this summer was the widespread presence of migrant populations at the marches, says Peter Ullrich, an expert on social movements and anti-Semitism at the Technical University of Berlin. “A new quality is that migrant populations are becoming more [apt] to organize and address the general public sphere and not just their own communities." Muslim protesters in Germany reflect the changing demographics of Europe, where the framing of the German government’s unbending support for Israel doesn't resonate for many new Muslim immigrants. “A Palestinian family here, who doesn’t subscribe to historic responsibilities [of World War II], feels burdened by Germany’s framing of the conflict,” Mr. Ullrich says.
Islamophobia and anti-Semitism
In Marseille, the city has attempted to mitigate inter-religious tensions through an organization called Esperance, which fosters cooperation among religious groups. And many say it’s worked. But some Muslims in Marseille say they resent that anti-Israel protest gets labeled anti-Semitic. They say Islamophobia is a far greater societal problem than antisemi-tism. “France is against Islam,” says Omar Djellil, a Muslim activist in Marseille. He criticizes the actions of Ms. Benmarnia, who declined to be interviewed. Still, he says, he agrees with her and Sobol that radicalization everywhere is growing. “We live in a moment in which it’s the extremists who are winning,” he says.
And for that reason alone, Sobol says that any attempt to bridge divides is worth it. Radicalization in Muslim communities is a real concern for Europe's Jews, he says. Some of them have responded by fleeing France. Some 5,000 Jews are expected to leave the country for Israel this year. But Sobol says he considers that a form of radicalization that does not address the real issues. He says that if more moderate voices don’t emerge to address the discontent, extremism will be victorious. It’s especially worrisome in France, which has Europe’s largest Jewish and Muslim communities – and the largest European contingent of jihadis fighting in the Middle East. “In Germany in the [1930s], not everyone was a Nazi,” and yet they were still able to set the country on course towards the Holocaust, Sobol says. “If we don’t act, the radicals could get stronger.”
© The Christian Science Monitor
France: Marseille's cultural clash 2: Will a tide of Islamophobia produce more jihadis?
Part 2 of 3: Fears of radicalized European jihadis returning home to commit acts of terrorism are fueling Islamophobia across France and the Continent. Some say that is further disillusioning Muslim youth – making them more likely to radicalize.
23/10/2014- France, like much of Europe these days, is in a period of social tumult. Far-right parties like the National Front are gaining ground and influencing local governments. Muslims face worsening Islamophobia. And the outrage that many Muslims feel about Western and Israeli policies in the Mideast is fostering a very old problem: anti-Semitism. Marseille, a multicultural city on the Mediterranean, offers a vantage point onto these related issues. Today, the Monitor reports on how Europe's fear of radical Islam appears to be feeding extremism.
During the Bosnian War, Omar Djellil, a Muslim activist in Marseille, joined scores of Muslims and others from around the world who traveled to support Bosniaks against Serb forces. In 1993, after a six-month stint doing what he calls "humanitarian work," he returned home quietly and back to his life in France. But if he had made a similar trip today to Syria to fight against the forces of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad – something he contemplated doing – he’d likely be locked up as a potential terrorist risk to the nation. The potential of terrorist attacks by returning jihadis have especially spooked Europe, as hundreds of Europeans have left to join the ranks of radicals in Syria. Only a fraction of them might come home with intent to kill. But authorities are rushing to pass new anti-terrorism laws to crack down on Europeans who attempt to leave for Syria or Iraq and to track those who come home.
For Muslims, in a generalized environment of anxiety over homeland security, many worry about another era of Islamophobia being ushered in across Europe. Though hundreds of Muslims have left Europe to fight in Syria, their numbers are dwarfed by the thousands of radicals from across the Middle East who went to Syria as well. Farhad Khosrokhavar, author of the soon to be published book “Radicalization,” says that the number of non-European jihadis is artificially fueling Europe's fears of radicals coming back home. And should some ex-jihadis decide to immigrate to Europe after they leave Syria, they'll be labeled as part of the homegrown jihadi problem. “Lots of people will say, ‘Once again Muslims are acting against democracy and their own country.’”
A disillusioned generation
Here in Marseille, Muslims makes up roughly one quarter of the city’s population, dispersed throughout all parts of the city. They’ve long been considered better integrated in the urban fabric than in other cities of France. When Muslim, Arab and black youth torched cars in the infamous riots that began in the the projects outside Paris in 2005, Muslim Marseille did not erupt. But for many French Muslims, discontent is brewing. Amid the rise of anti-immigration parties in France and now fears about terrorism in Europe, many say they are worse off than their first-generation immigrant parents. “They got more respect than we do,” says Nordine Benguerroud, who works with youths at the Social Center Rouguiere in Marseille. "This is not a cosmopolitan city, it's a racist city." In fact, while many European Muslims are deeply opposed to US foreign policy, they envy the status of American Muslims, who they say have fared better than their European counterparts.
Since 9/11, many have been increasingly disillusioned by the political system – a double-edged problem that not only leaves Muslims disaffected but contributes to the problem of radicalization, says Mohamed Dahmani, who ran for the French legislature as an independent in 2012 but lost. “Many are self-excluding from the system,” he says. “In that vacuum, radical Islam endures.” In many ways this is a generational problem, says Magnus Ranstorp, an expert on extremism at the Swedish National Defense College. In marginalized communities across Europe, there is a unique world view among today's Muslims, who grew up post-9/11 and only know polarization and the rise of Islamophobia. “We do have a new generation whose view of what it was like before 9/11 isn’t there,” he says.
'Thousands of dead Muslims and no one cares'
Now with the Islamic State, many fear things could get even worse. The raft of IS beheadings of Westerners in Syria proved to be a turning point for many European Muslims – for the worse. In the first place, it exposed a kind of inherent indifference of the West toward the real plight of Muslims, says Mr. Djellil. “We have an impression that there are thousands of dead Muslims [in Iraq and Palestine] and no one cares," he says. "And one Westerner is killed and the whole world mobilizes in a coalition.” He understands the fear incited by the group. But he also says that cracking down on Muslims, as does an anti-terrorism law passed in France last month that doesn't distinguish between Europeans who are extremists and those leaving for Syria for humanitarian reasons, only causes anger at the West to grow. The fallout from IS terror also divided Muslims in France, who already have trouble organizing. While a British NGO made headlines for its #NotInMyName campaign by Muslims directed at the Islamic State, many French Muslims went on the defensive, saying they shouldn't have to speak out for acts that have nothing to do with the religion of Islam.
Hamza Bensatem, a soft-spoken but determined high school student in Marseille, has tried to bridge those divides. When he heard the call of the IS for Muslims to kill their own countrymen, which culminated in the beheading of a French tourist in Algeria, he was perplexed. “What is this religion? This is a religion I don’t not know,” he says. So Hamza, who wants to be a social worker, adopted the #NotInMyName hashtag and translated it into French – #PasEnMonNom – in a local Facebook campaign. He held a peace march in early October but only a couple hundred attended, he says, far less than a similar march against the far right that he held this summer. He says his actions garnered criticism. “People said to me that I shouldn’t have to justify my religion to say I’m not a terrorist,” says Hamza. “I’m saying, I’m French, I’m a citizen, and I’m Muslim, and I condemn this barbarity.” He says he does worry about the prejudices that he feels growing around him, something he says he feels each day when he commutes on the metro and watches a woman tense up as he sits down next to her. “I want to say, ‘I am scared too,’” he says. He adds as an afterthought: “I have the feeling that I was born in a bad era for Muslims.”
Tomorrow: European Muslims' outrage over Western foreign policy is stirring up an old problem: anti-Semitism.
© The Christian Science Monitor
France: Marseille's cultural clash 1: Far right gets unlikely lift in Muslim quarters
Part 1 of 3: In Marseille, one of France's most multicultural cities, the anti-immigrant National Front is moving from the fringes into the mainstream with the support of disenfranchised Muslims, amongst others.
22/10/2014- France, like much of Europe these days, is in a period of social tumult. Far-right parties like the National Front are gaining ground and influencing local governments. Muslim immigrants face worsening Islamophobia. And the outrage that many Muslims feel about Western and Israeli policies in the Mideast is fostering a very old problem: anti-Semitism. Marseille, a multicultural city on the Mediterranean, offers a vantage point onto these related issues. Today, the Monitor reports on the National Front's rise and its unlikely supporters.
Marseille has always stood out as an atypical French city. In many ways, that’s been a criticism. A port city in every sense, it’s poor and scrappy, rough around the edges. But where Marseille has always fared well is in inter-religious and -ethnic relations. An amalgam of peoples, from the Greeks who settled here 2,500 years ago, to Italian refugees escaping fascism, to Algerians after independence from France, "Marseillais" have always been forced to live together, giving rise to a multiculturalism that seems more harmonious, at least on the surface, than in other French cities. And yet it is in this region where the anti-immigrant, far-right National Front (FN) party finds one of its strongest bases. Last month the party managed to break through a national barrier, sending two party members to the French Senate, both of them from the South of France. It marks a key victory for a party that seems increasingly mainstream.
But it has caused worry in this Mediterranean enclave that the careful balance of “cohabitation” that has defined Marseille living will tip. Across Europe, political parties sharing the FN's positions have gained ground, promising to kick out immigrants and say “no” to the free flow of people that is a cornerstone of the European Union. And these groups are tapping into the growing Islamophobia and anti-Semitism that are testing the limits of European tolerance. “They talk about who is French and who is not, even for people who were born here,” says Norya Amezza, as she walks through the city’s main North African market in the center of Marseille. “They create divisions." Ms. Amezza, a cheerful tour guide who was born in Algeria but raised in France since she was a year old, works with the volunteer organization Provence Greeters. “Marseille until now has been relatively peaceful. But with what is happening in Syria or with Palestine and Israel, you can have the beginnings of a problem even here.”
Far right ascendant
To understand why a region that is promoted as the epitome of French multiculturalism is drawn to the FN, head to troubled northern Marseille, a mixed area of middle class French families and newly arrived immigrants, mostly of Muslim descent. On a recent day, the groups mingle easily, at the bus stops and local bakeries that dot the community. But this is the city's 7th sector – one of the eight subsections of Marseille, each with its own municipal government – that voted in a FN mayor in this year's elections, one of the more shocking political stories of the year.
Resident Louis Fornerone, who is of Italian descent, explains why he was drawn to the party after voting for years for the center-right UMP. “The National Front is winning here because of immigration, it's that simple," he says, blaming immigrants for increased crime and being a drain on social spending. These are old laments, especially with Marseille’s historic ties to Algeria, a former French colony. What has changed, say Muslims here, is that the FN is no longer considered fringe, but a viable political option for French who once would have been hushed about voting for the party.
The FN isn't only capitalizing on anti-immigrant sentiment, which can often appear anti-Muslim because the two groups usually coincide in France. It’s also public disgust with mainstream parties on the right and left. Surprisingly, even many Muslims voted for the FN – not unlike Mexicans in the US who have become zealous anti-immigration advocates. Though Muslims largely voted for President François Hollande, a Socialist, in 2012, many felt deceived by his government's weak economic performance and legalization of gay marriage, which the FN condemns.
“I still can’t understand how the National Front pierced the (7th sector) where there are so many Muslims,” says Ali Timizar, a long-time leader of the Algerian community in Marseille. “It shows that neither the right nor the left has responded to the citizens of these neighborhoods.” The mayor of the sector, Stephane Ravier, who is also one of the two new FN senators of France, says that his victory does not mean an institutionalization of of discrimination or intolerance in Marseille. “That is a fear,” he told the Monitor. “But that has been stoked by adversaries.” His message is that immigrants living in France should adopt and live by French values.
A broad appeal
But others say his victory could signify divisions. The 7th sector “should be a model of multicultural France but instead it elects the FN's Stephane Ravier as mayor,” says James Shields, an expert on France’s far right at Aston University in the United Kingdom. “It now faces a six-year period of FN local government challenging any multicultural narrative that might have gained ground in Marseille.” Just like Britain's populist United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP), the FN appeals to both sides of the political spectrum, from well-heeled conservatives to former leftists in post-industrial France, says Sylvain Crepon, an expert on the party. That's the main reason both are such a threat to the mainstream political establishment. A recent poll showed its leader Marine Le Pen would easily win a presidential election if one were held today.
Upon Mr. Ravier’s senate victory, he expressed his party’s upbeat mood to the local media: "Now there is only one more door to push open, that of the [national government in] Elysee," he said. But for the minority communities of Marseille, the future looks dimmer. Hamza Bensatem, a young high school student of Algerian descent, staged a protest of young students in Marseille after the FN won the most votes in European parliamentary elections in May. “The party makes me afraid,” he says. And with all the tensions in the Middle East, especially the Islamic State, he says, he fears worse is ahead. "Each time there is a beheading, it's another vote for the FN."
Tomorrow: How Islamophobia is alienating Marseille's Muslims.
© The Christian Science Monitor
Banned Comedian and Incendiary Essayist Form New Political Party in France
23/10/2014- Former comedian Dieudonné M'Bala M'Bala, whose shows were banned in France earlier this year, and incendiary essayist Alain Soral, who is currently under investiga-tion for publishing anti-Semitic texts, have joined forces to launch a new French political party, according to information published on Tuesday on Mediapart, an online French investigative and opinion journal. According to Mediapart, which obtained a copy of the organization's bylaws, the new party is to be named Réconciliation Nationale (National Reconciliation) and will be jointly headed by M'Bala M'Bala and Soral. The party will be based in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis, where it will share an address with Kontre Kulture, the publishing houseSoral founded, which was convicted in 2013 of publishing anti-Semitic pamphlets. Also housed at this address is Soral's political association, Égalité et Réconci-liation (Equality and Reconciliation), created in 2007, and originally a puppet for the Front National (NF), France's far-right nationalist party, before distancing itself from NF to pursue its own anti-Zionist agenda.
An article published Tuesday on Égalité et Réconciliation's website does not refute Mediapart's claims, but stresses that the organization's bylaws had "not yet been filed," and that the party is still "in development." The article also takes the opportunity to accuse Mediapart and French intelligence of collaborating to "optimize the power of oppression of the powers [that be]." Sources close to M'Bala M'Bala and Soral declined to provide VICE News with comments, stating that all forthcoming information would be disseminated by Égali-té et Réconciliation's website and other channels. As with all political parties in France, the proposed new party could have access to public funding, provided it passes the thres-hold of 1 percent of votes and presents candidates in at least 50 electoral districts. Financing could be made available as early as the next legislative elections in 2017, or sooner, in the event of a premature dissolution of the National Assembly.
The two men, who come from very different backgrounds, had previously attempted a joint foray into politics in 2009, when they presented an anti-Zionist list for the European elections, collecting 1.3 percent of the total votes. Soral's political association, Égalité et Réconciliation, claims officially to be "on the Left for the workers and on the Right for values." According to the biography on his website, M'Bala M'bala, who is also known by his first name, Dieudonné, or Dieudo, was born in France in 1966 to a Breton mother and a Cameroonian father. The comedian launched a successful career playing alongside Jewish comedian Elie Semoun. A skit from December 2003 on French television Channel France 3 first sparked controversy around his character. He has since created several shows, one of which was banned by a ministerial order in January 2014. According to his biography, Soral is a past member of the Communist Party, which he joined in 1990. He then joined the National Front in 2007, only to leave in 2009 to start an anti-Zionist list with Dieudon-né. He has since appeared in videos posted online, which he uses as a growing platform for his controversial ideas. According to Mediapart, Soral's political organization today counts over 12,000 members.
Mediapart's article also makes public the "recruitment protocol for new Égalité et Réconciliation militants," a series of guidelines that are allegedly distributed to the group's regional directors. One of the recommendations states that, "It is unnecessary to integrate members who are mere ideological consumers, and who have come to mingle for two hours before returning to their computers." The protocol also describes the organization's goal to instate "a series of networking activities that allow [one] to step out of the traditional system […] such as bulk purchases, French lessons or boxing lessons." The group is also very cautious: "an infiltrator can always slip through the nets. Therefore the leader will need to be on his guard at all times."
© Vice News
'France's new anti-terror law is just anti-Roma'
Human Rights campaigners and immigrants' support groups have sounded the alarm about the small print in France’s new anti-terrorism bill, which they say will allow Paris to stop the freedom of movement of EU nationals, specifically members of the Roma community.
23/10/2014- The bill is currently being rushed through the parliamentary process to give France new powers to combat a perceived increase in the threat from terrorism. But an article was added to the bill in the Senate this week is greatly concerning human rights groups and immigrants' support organisations in the country. The clause would give France the power to refuse entry to “undesirable” nationals of EU states and their families if they posed a threat to public order or safety. In full it reads: “Any national of an EU member-state ... or any member of the family of an individual will be banned from entering the French territory if their presence causes a serious threat to a fundamental interest of society, in terms of public order or security, because of their personal behaviour.” It comes at a time when countries like the UK are talking of imposing a cap on EU migrants and talk in France of a need to restore its borders with European neighbours. Critics say the wording of the clause is so vague it could be used to prevent EU migrants from entering France, notably those from Eastern Europe.
Human Rights specialist and lecturer in law at Paris Nanterre University Simon Slama told The Local that the French government has simply taken advantage of the increased fear around terrorism to increase its control over its frontier. “This is certainly not designed to fight against terrorism, it is simply to stop people they consider as undesirable from entering France freely,” he said. Slama questions France’s motives by pointing out that EU law already allows member states to restrict free-movement of EU citizens on grounds of security or order. Claudia Charles from the French immigrants support group, GISTI, told The Local the powers are simply a way for French authorities to prevent members of the Roma community from being able to enter the country. “The purpose of this law has been completely twisted,” Charles said. “It's simply to allow French authorities to remove so-called “undesirables”, not because they are terrorists but because they are poor, notably the Roma." She says a similarly worded article has been included in an immigration bill, but the anti-terror legislation gives the government the best chance of getting it passed into law.
Charles points to an example of a Roma woman who was recently deported because she was caught trying to trick money out of people in a charity fundraising scam. “Under this so-called ‘anti-terrorism’ bill French authorities will therefore be able to prevent this lady from coming back, because she was not a resident in France and was considered a threat to public safety,” she said. “But she is far, very far, from a being a terrorist or someone who threatens society.” Members of the Roma community are regularly subject to mass deportation in France, with authorities bulldozing makeshift camps before putting them on planes in the direction of Romania and Bulgaria, where most come from originally. Up until now those same Roma people have been able to return of their own will thanks to the fundamental law of the EU that allows nationals of member states to move freely within the border of the 28 nation bloc. However with this new anti-terrorism bill, that will no longer be the case.
The bill represents a complete “shift” of France away from this fundamental EU right, Charles argues and “European Commission – the guardian of the treaties and enforcer of EU law has not reacted.” France’s Interior Ministry reacted to the criticism by insisting the measure will be judged on a case by case basis for individuals who "endanger the fundamen-tal interests of the nation, not those who engage in begging”. However recently EU leaders in Brussels have made it perfectly clear what they think of any attempt to prevent freedom of movement of European citizens. Speaking in the UK recently, outgoing European Commission president Manuel Barroso said any attempt to impose caps on migrants would never be accepted by the EU. The anti-terrorism bill comes as France is on increased alert for potential attacks. With hundreds of French nationals fighting a jihad in Syria and Iraq, the French government fears they may return home to plan attacks on French soil. Security has been increased at transport hubs, tourist attractions like the Eiffel Tower and shopping centres.
© The Local - France
French suicide: 'Racist' author taps into malaise
21/10/2014- A controversial new book by French polemicist Eric Zemmour is flying off the shelves and shows no sign of stopping. The notorious right-wing writer and polemicist appears to have struck a chord with a French public feeling disillusioned and "lost".
Who is Eric Zemmour?
He’s a journalist, author and TV personality whose new book “Le Suicide Français - Ces quarante années qui ont défait la France” (The French suicide - the 40 years that defeated France) has been selling an average of 15,000 copies per day, since it was released on October 1st. He is seemingly everywhere at the moment with appearances on radio, TV and in person with his book's on track to sell 500,000 copies. In France's that's considered a lot of books.
So what's the gist of his book?
As France struggles under record unemployment, historically unpopular leadership and increasingly angry populace, Zemmour's tome claims to provide an explanation for what’s wrong with the country. And right now everybody wants to know what’s wrong with France. In the book Zemmour argues the May 1968 student rebellion set France on a path to failure and impotence, which is now being exacerbated by immigration. Though he is Jewish and born to immigrant parents from Algeria, Zemmour says one of France’s fatal errors in the past 40 years was the 1974 immigration law that allowed for immigrants to bring over their close family members.
So why all the buzz around the book?
In a country where the anti-EU, anti-immigrant National Front party has won historic election victories this year, Zemmour’s far-right ideas are tapping into the zeit-geist of the moment. His book decries the ‘halalization’ of France, which is characterized by the creation of “Islamic republics in certain neighborhoods in France.”
He also charges that masculinity, as he has in previous books, has been undermined in France to great negative effect. He believes French society has become too feminine. “'(There is) sexual hopelessness among young, white men in comparison with their Arab and black competitors...Virility is valued in African and Arab-Muslim families. White men have been symbolically castrated.”
What does the book's popularity say about France?
Bruno Cautres, a political expert at the research institute at France's prestigious Sciences Po university told The Local the sales reveal a French populace looking for answers and clear messages. "Things in France are not going well at the moment. We are in some collective syndrome of depression. Between the bad economic results, there is feeling of being lost at the moment in France," said Cautres. But Zemmour is unafraid--whether you agree with him or not--to speak his position clearly and unapologetically. “Even people who think that Zemmour is an unbearable racist at least recognize that he states his ideas clearly and knows very clearly who he is,” said Cautrés. “When one buys his book there is no risk of being surprised, like after having voted for the “enemy of finance” and ending up with the brilliant Emmanuel Macron,” Cautrés said, referring to President François Hollande’s campaign theme of battling financiers, before eventually choosing an ex-banker to fix the country’s economy.
What did he say about the Holocaust?
As if the general tone of the book wasn’t controversial enough, Zemmour also took on one of the thorniest subjects in modern France: its role in the Holocaust. Zem-mour claims General Philippe Petain, whose government collaborated with the Nazis, saved French Jews by sending foreign Jews in their place to the Nazi-run death camps. Of the 76,000 Jews sent on French-state owned trains to the deaths, about a third were French and the rest were foreigners. Many historians have disputed Zemmour’s account argument, noting that Petain’s government aided in genocide regardless of the nationality of the people it helped the Nazis kill.
Has he ever been in trouble with the law?
Zemmour has long been known for his controversial stances on sensitive topics, like gender equality, race, gay rights and immigration. In 2011 his comments on national TV that black and Arabs are rightly profiled by police because “most traffickers are blacks and Arabs...it’s a fact,” earned him a conviction for racist speech and a €2,000 fine. The conviction came despite numerous people speaking up for him, such as Reporters Without Borders co-founder Robert Menard. Some three years later Menard has won the mayorship of the southern France town of Béziers on a National Front-backed candidacy. Ménard and Zemmour appeared together on stage in Béziers in front of a crowd of some 1,600 people.
© The Local - France
UK: Far-right group Facebook posts prove costly for Skye Councillor
A Skye Councillor has been stripped of two senior council positions, after sharing the online postings of the far right group Britain First.
24/10/2014- As a result of the complaints over two posts on his Facebook site, Drew Millar has now resigned his membership of the Liberal Democrats. The long serving Portree-based councillor had chaired Highland Council’s community safety, public engagement and equalities committee, and was also leading the customer services board examining the future of the area’s service point network. Councillor Millar has pledged to serve the remainder of his term in office as an independent. The posts from his Facebook site have now been removed, but speaking to the Free Press today (Friday) Councillor Millar was unrepentant. He said many would share the sentiments contained within the online messa-ges. One of the posts had urged: “Nick Clegg says teaching British values in schools could offend moderate Muslims — share if you think Nick Clegg is a cretin.”
On its website, Britain First — an offshoot of the British National Party — describes itself as a movement of British “nationalism, patriotism and democracy,” which views Islam as an “alien and destructive” doctrine. Councillor Millar said he had been stripped of the committee posts before he had been given a chance to explain himself. As a result, he had decided to leave the party. “I served as an independent for 15 years before joining the LibDems, so it won’t make a great deal of difference to me or the constituents,” he added. Mr Millar said it had always been his intention to step down as councillor at the next election in two years’ time.
A statement released today by the Highland Liberal Democrat Council group said: “In early October, the group was made aware that Councillor Drew Millar of Skye had shared with friends on his Facebook page images and comments which came from Britain First, an extreme right-wing organisation. This was anti-Islamic material used by Britain First to stir up religious hatred. “The group immediately acted to make the convener of the Scottish Liberal Democrats aware of this and he initiated the process of investigating the complaint. Under party rules this is a matter for the office bearers of the National Executive, who have an obligation to follow due process and conduct the investigation in a thorough and impartial manner. “Due to the nature of the material, Councillor Millar was given the opportunity to voluntarily stand aside from his position as Chair of the Community Safety, Public Engagement and Equalities Committee while the investigation was underway. “He declined to do so and has subsequently resigned from the LibDem Group on Highland Council and resigned his membership of the Liberal Democrats.
“The group will now nominate a new chair of the CPE Committee. This is a formal decision for the full Highland Council which meets on 30th October.” The statement added: “In the strongest possible terms, the Liberal Democrat Group condemns the dissemination of such material as utterly reprehensible and wholly unacceptable. It has no place in our free and tolerant society and any councillor, from any political party, should face swift and appropriate action when found to be in breach of stringent regulations governing the conduct of members.”
© West Highland Free Press
UK: Britain First 'tricks' Facebook users with Lynda Bellingham post
Thousands of Facebook users 'liked' the post, featuring a picture of Lynda with All Creatures Great and Small co-star Christopher Timothy
24/10/2014- Lynda Bellingham’s tragic death has been exploited on Facebook by far right extremists, it emerged last night. Britain First encouraged people to like and share a picture of the Loose Women star minutes after her death was announced on Monday. Thousands of Facebook users 'liked' the post, featuring a picture of Lynda with All Creatures Great and Small co-star Christopher Timothy. However, many would not have been aware that the photo was being spread by Britain First, an ultra-right campaign group. Its supporters use the Britain First Facebook page to call for British Muslims to be “wiped out” and non-whites deported. Formed from former BNP and EDL members, Britain First made headlines this year by invading mosques and threatening imams.
Men in the group’s paramilitary-style uniforms pushed their way into several mosques in England and Scotland. Founder of Britain First, Jim Dowson, later quit the group over its “unchristian” paramilitary-style “mosque invasions”, saying they were “provocative and counterproductive”. He added that they were attracting “racists and extremists” to the organisation, which has taken over from the British National Party and the English Defence League as the biggest far-right threat in the UK. Mr Dowson, from Belfast, left the BNP in 2010 to form a “Christian” group opposing the rise of radical Islam. But he told the Mirror he had pulled the plug on the group’s funding, closed their office in Belfast and severed all links.
He described the mosque invasions as “unacceptable and unchristian”, adding: “Most of the Muslims in this country are fine."They are worried about extremists the same as us. So going into their mosques and stirring them up and provoking them is political madness and a bit rude.” Matthew Collins, of anti-racist group Hope not Hate, said: “It is the most dangerous group to have emerged on the far right for several years.” But a Britain First spokesman told The Sun: “We do this regularly when British celebrities pass away. We pay our respects.” Brave Lynda lost her battle with cancer at the weekend after the disease spread from her colon to other parts of her body. She died in her husband Michael's arms on Sunday, aged 66.
© The Daily Mirror
UK: Nine out of 10 gypsy and traveller children have suffered racial abuse
Discrimination against gypsies and travellers is the last bastion of "acceptable" racism in Britain, according to research published today.
22/10/2014- Nine out of 10 gypsy, traveller or Roma children in the UK have suffered racial abuse, a study from the National Federation of Gypsy Liaison Groups and Anglia Ruskin University shows. Two thirds of children from itinerant groups have also been bullied or physically attacked and many are too scared to go to school, researchers say. The report is the first comprehensive review of what life is like for those communities across England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Dr Pauline Lane, Reader in the Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education at Anglia Ruskin University, said: “In order to improve the lives of people from gypsy, traveller and Roma communities, there is an urgent need for the UK to address discrimination against these communities. At the moment, it is the last bastion of ‘acceptable’ racism and that needs to stop.”
A lack of appropriate caravan sites is having a significant detrimental impact on the community, the report says. Gypsies and travellers have been encouraged to purchase their own land but 90 per cent of planning applications made from these groups fail. The infant mortality rate of gypsies and travellers is three times higher than the national average and life expectancy is an estimated 12 years less than the general population. Despite the fact itinerant groups are significantly more likely to have a long term condition and suffer poorer health, gypsies and travellers use mainstream health services less than other members of the population because of practical difficulties, such as complex procedures for registering and making use of services. The study says the Government’s failure to have a comprehensive strategy to address the groups’ specific needs means that an estimated half a million people are being excluded from wider society. The report’s co-author, Siobhan Spencer, co-director of the National Federation of Gypsy Liaison Groups and PhD student at Anglia Ruskin, said: “We need a concrete strategy with a timeline of goals with achievable and measurable outcomes.”
© The Independent
UK: "Execute them" - Councillor proposes shocking solution for removing travellers
A councillor's shock solution for removing travellers from sites is to 'execute' them.
22/10/2014- Conservative councillor for Cox Green Alan Mellins made the offensive comment at a planning and housing overview and scrutiny panel meeting in Maiden-head Town Hall on Monday. The panel was discussing how to respond to the Government's consultation on planning and traveller families. The consultation deals with changing planning policy so it applies 'fairly' to both traveller and settled communities. Councillors were discussing how long it can take to evict travellers who do not have planning permission. The members referenced a traveller site in Shurlock Row, where travellers first settled in 2009. The borough's head of planning, Simon Hurrell told the panel that Cllr David Evans, who was not at the meeting, had asked for suggestions on how to speed up the process to evict travellers. Cllr Mellins then said: "Execute them."
The Cox Green councillor said afterwards that he apologises for the offence caused. He said: "The remark was an ill judged remark, which I did not intend to be taken seriously. It doesn't reflect my views." When asked if it is appropriate for him to sit on future panels, Cllr Mellins said: "I do not have any prejudices. I do not consider myself to have any anyway." Roma Gypsies were targeted during the Holocaust and it is estimated that up to 500,000 may have been killed by the Nazis. Joseph Jones, spokesman for the Gypsy Council has called for Cllr Mellins to think about resigning. He said: "It's not something that should be taken as a joke. “If his judgement is that poor he should seriously consider his position as a councillor.” He added: "All the people he's representing should consider if they want him to actively represent them."
© The Maidenhead Advertiser
British youth soccer player facing suspension for anti-Semitic taunts
A player in a British youth soccer league is facing a possible five-match suspension for anti-Semitic taunting in a game.
22/10/2014- The Curzon Ashton player in the under-16 league was charged this week with “discrimination on the grounds of religion” by the Football Association, the governing body for soccer in Britain. Players from Manchester Maccabi said they had endured anti-Jewish taunts and jibes about Palestine in a game against Curzon Ashton earlier this month. With 10 minutes left in the game and his team losing 9-2, Manchester Maccabi coach Anthony Dennison led the players off the field after an argument between two players drew in other players, coaches and spectators. Along with charging the player, the Football Association also charged the Curzon Ashton team with a “failure to ensure players/spectators and/or club officials conducted themselves in an orderly fashion (aggravated by discrimination),” the Jewish Chronicle reported.
A Manchester Maccabi player was charged as well with discrimination on the grounds of color or race and is facing immediate suspension of at least five matches if found guilty. The players and team have until Oct. 31 to respond to the charges. “We’re used to anti-Semitism, we play with the Star of David on our shirts, we wear the kippah, but in the past we’ve had managers apologize profusely and have a word with their players,” Dennison told the Manchester Evening News at the time of the incident. “On this occasion everyone was clapping and laughing at these racist insults, and it was only one or two of their boys who seemed quite embarrassed and apologized to my players.”
© JTA News
UK: Luciana Berger targeted by antisemites after jailing of abusive internet troll
The jailing of an internet troll who sent antisemitic messages to MP Luciana Berger has sparked a wave of copycat abuse targeting the Labour shadow cabinet member.
24/10/2014- Merseysider Garron Helm was handed a four-week prison term on Monday after admitting sending an “obscene” Hitler-related tweet to Ms Berger. It featured a photo-graph of the Liverpool Wavertree MP superimposed with a Holocaust yellow star and the wording: "You can always count on a Jew to show their true colours eventually". Helm’s incarceration was widely welcomed, but Ms Berger has subsequently been targeted by similar messages on Twitter. One sent her a message containing only the word “jude” – the German word for Jew. Another bombarded Ms Berger with messages on Thursday evening, and also targeted fellow Jewish Labour MP Louise Ellman. In one tweet the user wrote: “Two Jews in a shtetl. Family tree is a knot. #InbredJews #ExpelLucianaBerger #ExpeltheJews #JewOwnedBritain” And in another: “Only two places for Jews. The desert or in hell with their father the devil. #ExpelLucianaBerger” Other messages are too offensive to reproduce. A series of tweets have been posted since Monday using the hashtag #FreeGarronHelm. BNP members are among those to have sent the messages.
Colleagues across Parliament have reacted to the abuse. Lord Wood, a Labour peer and adviser to party leader Ed Miliband, wrote on Twitter: “The vile antisemitic abuse of Luciana Berger online only succeeds in uniting everyone in her support and in revulsion against those behind it.” The official account of Labour’s frontbench House of Lords peers posted: “Hoping many across our party are sending support to fantastic colleague Luciana Berger after the latest online racist attacks against her.” Baroness Royall, Labour’s leader in the Lords, tweeted: “Luciana Berger is a terrific MP, friend and colleague – a very fine woman. The racist abuse against her must stop. It’s abhorrent.” Ms Berger has not responded to the latest abusive messages. Earlier this week she welcomed the decision to jail Helm, saying it sent a “clear message that hate crime is not tolerated in our country”. Elected as Britain’s youngest Jewish MP in 2010, Ms Berger is a former director of Labour Friends of Israel. She is climbing the party ranks and is Ed Miliband's current shadow public health minister. She is widely tipped for a cabinet role if Labour win next year's election.
© The Jewish Chronicle
British man gets jail time for sending lawmaker anti-Semitic tweet
22/10/2014- A 21-year-old British man was sentenced to four weeks in jail for sending an anti-Semitic tweet to a Jewish member of Parliament. Garron Helm pleaded guilty Monday to sending the offending message to Labour Party member Luciana Berger. In addition to the jail sentence, Helm was ordered to pay Berger $128. The tweet, which called Berger a “communist Jewess,” showed a photograph of her with a Holocaust yellow star photoshopped onto her forehead and the words, “You can always count on a Jew to show their true colours eventually.” It had the hashtag “Hitler was right.” Helm’s home contained Nazi memorabilia and a flag for an extremist right-wing group called National Action. “This sentence sends a clear message that hate crime is not tolerated in our country,” Berger said in a statement. “I hope this case serves as an encouragement to others to report hate crime whenever it rears its ugly head.”
© JTA News
UK: Gay couple ‘thrown off London bus for kissing’
Transport chiefs investigating incident where driver reportedly shouted: ‘It’s disgusting. Get off the bus’ at kissing couple
20/10/2014- Transport chiefs have launched an investigation after a gay couple were reportedly thrown off a bus for kissing. Jack James, 23, said he and his partner were ordered off a number 89 bus near Blackheath in south-east London by the driver, who subjected them to a volley of abuse. James, an event co-ordinator from Greenwich, told the Evening Standard: “We were chatting away when my partner gave me a peck on the lips. “The bus driver shouted: ‘Oi, you two, don’t do that on my fucking bus or you can get off, I don’t want to watch that’.” James said that, initially, the couple thought the driver could not be speaking to them. He added: “When the bus stopped at our stop I walked up to the driver and politely asked the driver if he was talking to us. His reply was: ‘Yes, it’s my bus, it is my rules, and I don’t want to watch that. It’s disgusting. Get off the bus.’ “Once we got off the bus we were fuming and I was shaking.
The bus stopped again and he shouted and told us we were not real men and we should fuck off.” The alleged incident happened on 8 August at around 10.30pm. Ken Davidson, Transport for London’s head of bus operations, said: “All customers have the right to use our services without fear of being abused and offensive behaviour is completely unacceptable. “We would like to reassure Mr James that this matter is being taken very seriously and that a thorough investigation is being conducted by [bus company] Go-Ahead.” This month, hundreds of people took part in a “big consensual kiss-in” at a Sainsbury’s store in Brighton in protest at the treatment of two women who were threatened with ejection from the store a few days earlier for kissing.
© The Guardian
UK: newspaper editor denies ‘gays will destroy society’ column was incitement of hatred
The editor of a Devon newspaper has denied claims that publishing an anti-gay column was hate speech, saying “the only incitement of hatred was directed towards me” from angered readers.
21/10/2014- The original remarks were made in the South Molton News by an anonymous columnist known as ‘Grave Turner’. In the column, he claimed that homosexu-ality is an “aberration”, and that it is “worth recalling” that homosexuality used to be criminalised.” These comments were condemned by Stephen Gilbert MP, Devon MP Sir Nick Harvey, Ex-Culture Secretary Ben Bradshaw, and Senior Tory MP Sarah Wollaston. The South Molton editor, Paul Henderson, has said the column has since prompted 39 email complaints, seven face-to-face complaints, three phone complaints, and one letter. He even said one “worrying” complaint from the US led him to call the FBI.
Speaking in this month’s edition, Mr Henderson reacted to the controversy. He said: “The first thing is to apologise unreservedly to anyone who was offended by the content of the September Grave Turner column. “I have already stated (picked up by the world’s media), the article was very close to the mark in terms of my decision to allow it to be published. “It’s been claimed the content could be viewed as an ‘incitement to hatred’ by a number of individuals but I fundamentally disagree with those statements. “We live in a democracy that allows freedom of expression/speech within accepted boundaries.” He added: “The only incitement of hatred was directed towards me with many posts on these web sites which could never be published in any newspaper.”
In a previous statement to PinkNews, Mr Henderson said: “I’d like to assure you I personally do not share Grave Turner’s views in this particular article. “If I did, then my nephew whom I’m very close to and who is in a long-term same sex relationship with a rugby player wouldn’t forgive me and neither would my own children as they care for him deeply.” Last month, the South Molton News invited PinkNews reporter Nick Duffy to submit a reply for this month’s issue of the paper. Mr Duffy said: “As Mr Grave Turner can’t stomach the thought of ‘coming out’ by putting his name to his own words, he can’t begin to understand the struggle of the teenagers coming to terms with being what he terms ‘an aberration’. “A column like Mr Grave Turner’s doesn’t just perpetuate tired old stereotypes about gay people, it feeds the bigotry that makes our towns, our neighbourhoods and even our families less safe.”
© Pink News
UK: Ukip song featuring mock Caribbean accent 'racist', Farage tips it to hit no1
A song performed in a mock Caribbean accent which Ukip leader Nigel Farage has backed to top the charts today sparked accusations of racism. The song, by former Radio 1 DJ Mike Read, was endorsed by Mr Farage when he called on his Twitter followers to "help get the Ukip Calypso by The Independents to Number 1."
20/10/2014- It criticises mainstream political parties for allowing "illegal immigrants in every town", and warns listeners against trusting the Prime Minister's pledges on EU reform. "The British people have been let down, that's why Ukip is making ground. From Crewe to Cleethorpes, from Hull to Hendon, they don't believe Cameron's referen-dum," sings Read. Mr Farage's endorsement of the song sparked a backlash on Twitter, where one user deemed it "ill-judged, offensive and downright awful." Michael Abberton posted: "The UKIP Calypso... a song about immigration by a party claiming not to be racist, sung by old white man with fake Jamaican accent." Others poked fun at the party's attempts to tackle allegations of racism. One posted: "Because the perfect way of making your party seem not racist is releasing a song sung in a mock Jamaican accent.." Another wrote: "A white guy singing about immigration in a bad Caribbean accent probably isn't the best way to prove you're not racist."
Read currently hosts an afternoon show on BBC Berkshire having previously spent more than a decade at Radio 1. A BBC spokeswoman said he had not breached guide-lines on impartiality by recording the song in support of the anti-EU party. And responding to criticism on social media, the former Conservative supporter dismissed accusations of racism and insisted the song is "political satire". Responding to one user who asked if he planned to "black up" while singing the number, he wrote: "tha a [sic] how we sing calypso with my Jamaican pals when I'm out there. Love calypso music & working with Jamaican tourism." Speaking on Sky News, he added: "It's a satire and a bit of fun. It's not terribly serious. It wouldn't have sounded very good sung in a Surrey accent." Ukip has previously attempted to highlight its ethnic minority members with a rally in Croydon, during which a steel band left after realising who they had been booked for and local party candidate Winston McKenzie branded the area a "dump".
© The London Evening Standard.
UK: Ask any gay person in London: homophobia is alive and well (opinion)
Gay people still suffer abuse in all areas of their life – from strangers, neighbours, workmates and even family
By Ruth Hunt, Acting Chief Executive of Stonewall
20/10/2014- For many young lesbian, gay and bisexual people growing up it’s a mecca. A safe haven of acceptance where same-sex couples hold hands in public and everyone is just more at ease with ‘the gay thing’. But ask any Londoner who is lesbian, gay or bisexual whether this is the case and you’ll be met with a pause. In recent days a male couple has claimed that they were subjected to horrific abuse on a bus, simply because someone took offence at their public display of affection. At Stonewall we know that incidents like this continue to blight the lives of too many gay people.
In the 25 years since Stonewall was founded it has sometimes felt that progress has been an unstoppable march forward, carried on a wave of overwhelming public support. Britain’s 3.7 million lesbian, gay and bisexual people can now marry their same-sex partner, enjoy an equal age of consent, serve in the military and live free from being sacked simply because of their sexual orientation. We hear from supporters and opponents alike that now is the time to declare ‘mission accomplished’ whilst standing triumphantly aboard the decks of our Pride floats. Despite this progress homophobic and biphobic hate crimes and incidents remain rife in our villages, towns and cities.
Across Britain some 630,000 lesbian, gay and bisexual people were the victim of a homophobic hate crime or incident over just the last three years. And in the workplace 2.4m people of working age witnessed verbal homophobic bullying in the last five years. Gay people still suffer this abuse in all areas of their life – from strangers, neighbours, workmates and even family. The abuse ranges from verbal insults and harassment to devastating physical assaults. In London alone some 19 per cent of lesbian, gay or bisexual people say they’ve been the victim of a homophobic hate crime or incident in the last three years. While the legal landscape has been transformed since Stonewall was established 25 years ago, it’s clear that there’s still much work to do to win over hearts and minds to support lesbian, gay and bisexual people.
The picture’s little better in schools. When we asked teachers about their willingness and ability to tackle homophobic abuse in schools, it was London’s educators who reported the lowest score of any across the nation when it came to even knowing whether they could talk about issues like same-sex parents. In recent years schools and local authorities working with Stonewall have driven down physical homophobic bullying in schools by ten percentage points. But the use of anti-gay language in school is almost endemic with 99 per cent of lesbian, gay and bisexual young people hearing phrases such as ‘that’s so gay’ or ‘you’re so gay’.
So for gay couples scared to show affection in public, for a young bisexual person worried out being out at work and for a same-sex family scared to use public transport with their children, we’re far from ‘mission accomplished’. To create a world where everyone feels able to be themselves will require all of us to stand up to abuse and challenge prejudice. We can’t be bystanders when our friends, neighbours, colleagues and families are made to feel less worthy and their lives less valid. It’s time to show it’s the end of the line for homophobic hate crime.
© The Independent -Voices
British Hero Defies Anti-Muslim Sentiments
19/10/2014- An East London Muslim politician, who has been named as the Hero of the Year in the European Diversity Awards, aims to correct the negative image of Muslims, defying the soaring anti-Muslims attacks in the British community. “If you watch Theresa May’s [UK’s Home Secretary] speech at the Tory conference, she talks about extremism and then refers to a large Muslim community in Tower Hamlets,” the hero of the year, Tower Hamlets councilor Rabina Khan, told East London Line on Saturday, October 18. “She doesn’t exactly accuse us of Sharia law, but she puts them in the same sentence. “Comments like these are enough to damage the whole Muslim community.” The councilor's comments come amid increasing anti-Muslims attacks in Tower Hamlets, prompted by the distorted media coverage coupled with remarks by influential politicians that convey a negative image of Muslims.
Moving to Tower Hamlets in the 1990s, Khan has been promoting gender equality and incorporation between different groups in the borough over the past 15 years. The Muslim woman was titled the “Hero of the year” in thcoe European Diversity Awards earlier this month for her work as “an independent councilor and community worker promoting equality and diversity”. Khan's award coincided with an Ofsted inspection of an Islamic primary school over extremism allegations, putting the politician under attack from “negative media coverage”. “I think that the media have a wrong perception of the borough. It has been covered in a negative light,” Khan said. An earlier report by think-tank Chatham House identified a considerable Islamophobic sentiment in Britain, detecting a “wide reservoir of public sympathy for claims that Islam and the growth of Muslim communities pose a fundamental threat to the native group and nation.”
A Financial Times opinion poll showed that Britain is the most suspicious nation about Muslims, estimated by 2.7 million. A poll of the Evening Standard found that a sizable section of London residents harbor negative opinions about Muslims.
Challenging the negative image of Muslims, the Muslim diplomat asserted that no single terrorist has been arrested in Tower Hamlets. Khan said: “When it comes to facts, I haven’t heard about one extremist being arrested in this borough, or being challenged and finally jailed.” Along with promoting equality and diversity, the Muslim councilor has been ecouraging Muslims students integration by visiting schools, clubs and arranging summer camps. “We use their energy in a positive way, not to teach them to go out and bomb people,” Khan said. Explaining her struggle as a veiled Muslim politician in London, Khan recalled a meeting where she was discrimina-ted against because of her Islamic appearance. “The assistant took all the others to their seats but I was left there. They were all white, middle-aged men. I didn’t go and said I was a part of the meeting, I just sat there and waited,” she said. “The assistant finally came, looked at me and said that the meeting was about to start. He thought I was a secretary.”
Despite the incidents of Islamophobia in east London, Khan still optimistic to see positive change in politics, media and people’s mood. “Younger people go out there to find information because they want the truth, they don’t want the lies. If they have the truth, then they will challenge the Muslim community and they will challen-ge me,” Khans said. “They have the right to do that: if we don’t get challenged, we can can’t bring about positive changes.” In September 2013, about 15 anti-Muslim hate crimes were recorded, compared with three in the same month in 2012 and nine in 2011. Hundreds of anti-Muslim hate offences have been carried out across UK in 2013, with Britain's Metropolitan police recording an increase of 49% than last year. The Metropolitan Police recorded 500 Islamophobic offences from January to mid-November this year, compared with 336 offences in 2012 and 318 in 2011.
© On Islam
Cameron warned 'no possibility' of UK reducing immigration, bid to bring in quota on migrants illegal
David Cameron’s plan to restrict the amount of time that EU migrants can spend working in Britain will never be accepted by the other EU governments, Europe’s highest ranking official, Jose Manuel Barroso, has warned.
19/10/2014- He insisted that the right of EU citizens to look for work anywhere in the EU is one of its fundamental principles, and not open to negotiation. He also poin-ted out that David Cameron had urged him to uphold the principle in the past when the Spanish government was obstructing people from Gibraltar trying to cross the border into Spain to work. David Cameron is considering an annual cap on the number of low-skilled immigrants from Europe permitted to work in the UK, which would involve issuing them with national insurance numbers that would expire after a limited time. Without a valid NI number, the immigrant would be unable to work legally in the UK. But Mr Barroso, a former Prime Minister of Portugal whose term as President of the European Commission is coming to an end, denied that the British Prime Minister would be able to get this measure agreed by other EU governments. “There is no possibility of the UK reducing the number of immigrants from EU to the UK. It is not up for negotiation,“ he told the BBC’s Andrew Marr programme.
“I don't think you can say there is a huge problem with immigration - there are 2 million British citizens in the rest of EU. “In principle arbitrary caps seem to me in contradiction with EU laws. That is quite clear from my point of view.” Mr Cameron’s plan to restrict immigration is designed to reduce the threat to the Conservative vote posed by UKIP, which has successfully tapped into fears about migrants taking jobs and housing that could have gone to British workers. The Conservatives not to lose next months’ by-election in Rotherham and Strood, where the sitting MP, Mark Reckless, has defected to UKIP. Mr Cameron is also committed to trying to renegotiate the terms of Britain’s EU membership prior to calling a referendum, if the Conservatives are still in office after next year’s general election. Mr Barroso warned that if the British voted to leave the EU, the government’s influence in Europe would be reduced to “zero.” He added that he was sure that David Cameron wants Britain to stay in.
Labour’s Shadow immigration minister David Hanson said: “Labour is in favour of reform to European free movement rules and we will examine any proposals the government comes forward with to manage immigration with interest. But why should anyone believe the Prime Minister when he has a record of making big promises on immigration and not delivering, when everyone knows he wants headlines for the Rochester and Strood by-election, and when the briefing from the Government keeps changing every couple of days?”
© The Independent
Headlines 24 October, 2014
Data collection gaps continue to hamper efforts to combat antisemitism (FRA)
Antisemitism remains an issue of serious concern that needs to be tackled. This is shown by the latest report on data collected about antisemitic incidents across the European Union, published by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).
24/10/2014- “Antisemitism continues to blight Europe today, affecting the everyday lives of Jews across the EU,” said FRA Director, Morten Kjaerum. “Despite the efforts made by many EU Member States over the years, targeted responses are still needed to seriously tackle this persistent problem, as this latest FRA report underlines. Policy makers and civil society must continue to work together to support the victims of antisemitism and effectively combat such hate crime.” This latest report, ‘Antisemitism: Summary overview of data available in the European Union 2003–2013’, points to large gaps in data collection on antisemitism in EU Member States. In addition, each Member State collects different types of data, preventing any meaningful comparison of the data collected.
FRA’s survey of discrimination and hate crime against Jews in EU Member States, published in November 2013, revealed how 64% of those who experienced physical violence or threats of violence did not report the most serious incident to the police or to any other organisation. Yet, 66% of all respondents considered antisemitism to be a problem in their country. This latest report on antisemitic incidents – coupled with the survey findings – underline the need for policy and civil society actors at all levels to remain vigilant and pursue their efforts in combating the ongoing problem of antisemitism. This includes addressing the problem of under-reporting by victims and the accurate recording of such hate crimes.
The updated report compiles available data on antisemitic incidents collected by international, governmental and non-governmental sources, from 1 January 2003 until 31 December 2013. No data on antisemitic manifestations were available for Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Romania and Slovenia at the time the report was compiled.
This is the 10th in a series of yearly reports on data collection on antisemitism published by FRA and its predecessor, the EU Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC).
© EU Fundamental Rights Agency
Austria: Vienna inaugurates monument to World War Two deserters
24/10/2014- Austria inaugurated a monument on Friday to thousands of its nationals who deserted Hitler's army during World War Two, marking a new step in efforts to acknowled-ge the nation's wartime past. Germany annexed Austria in 1938, making it part of Hitler's Third Reich that wrought destruction across the continent and slaughtered millions of Jews in the Holocaust. The Nazi military justice system executed thousands of deserters and opponents of the war effort. Austria's parliament voted in 2009 -- over the objections of far-right parties -- to clear the reputations of those who met disdain and abuse for refusing to follow the Nazi line. "If they were the good ones in Hitler's army, then we deserters were of course the evil ones, the bad ones that you could take action against," said activist Richard Wadani, 92, one of those who deserted. Austrian President Heinz Fischer said it was outrageous for people to have been treated this way in a democratic post-war Austria. "This is something for which one has to apologise and be ashamed," he said.
Austria -- which has been struggling to escape a reputation for glossing over its wartime history -- for decades maintained that it was Hitler's first victim, overlooking the enthusiastic welcome he got from many Austrians. The monument, designed by German artist Olaf Nicolai, depicts a three-level form in the shape of an X, meant to symbolise the plight of the individual pitted against society's power. It stands in the Ballhausplatz in central Vienna, near the presidency and chancellery. Seen from above, an inscription carved into the monu-ment spells out "all alone". Despite criticism from some veterans that not all deserters deserve to be honoured, other monuments to soldiers who laid down their arms and fled have already been erected in Austria and Germany.
Homophobic Hooligans go on Rampage in Macedonia
About 20 hooligans caused mayhem on Thursday night at the LGBT centre in Skopje, where the country's gay community was holding an anniversary party.
24/10/2014- Around 20 hooded hooligans tried to wreck the second birthday party of the centre for support of the LGBT community on Thursday in Skopje, vandalizing the “Damar” cafe in the Old Bazaar area, where the event took place. A woman was injured after the hooligans threw a bottle at her head. Witnesses said the attack only lasted around 10 minutes but had devastating effects. “The hooligans entered the cafe and started throwing everything, like bottles, crates… It was a stampedĺ. One girl was injured and was taken to the accident and emergency centre. She is fine, but still recovering,” Uranija Pirovska, director of the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in Macedonia, a host of the event, said. The victims of the homophobic rampage said they could not see the faces of the hooligans because they wore hoods. “They were well organized. They had an exact plan of how to enter, what to demolish and when to leave, before the police came,” a witness said.
This is not a first attack on the LGBT Centre in Skopje. On October 24, 2012 when it first opened, the building was attacked and the windows broken. Last year, a policeman was injured after 10 hooligans in masks threw rocks and bottles at the building. The centre is financially supported by the Dutch Embassy. The outgoing Dutch Ambassador, Marriët Schuurman, in an interview for BIRN on Tuesday, expressed grave concerns about the rule of law in the country. The failure of the authorities to react to violence "creates a perception that this is sponsored, or tolerated in the best case, by the government and used as an instrument to make people afraid and try to shut people up”, she said. Pirovska repeated the same allegation of official complicity to BIRN. “I will meet representatives of the EU delegation in Skopje and with all the ambassadors. The attackers responsible for previous events were never found - and that means that the institutions tolerate violence," she said. "In Macedonia, the fundamental rights of the LGBT community have no value. Their right to live is endangered,” Pirovska added.
© Balkan Insight
Switzerland: Hitler coffee cream pot company faces closure
The company that designed the coffee cream pot lids featuring images of Hitler and Mussolini is facing bankruptcy after Swiss supermarket chain Migros said it planned to terminate its contract with the Bern-based outfit.
24/10/2014- Karo Versand designs and prints creamer lids which are attached to mini cream pots produced by Migros subsidiary ELSA. The company, which employs four people, is the only one in Switzerland to keep a record of the limited edition creamer lids which have a cult following among collectors. The offending series of 55 designs based on vintage cigar wrappers was destined for these collectors only, but some pots ended up being distributed to around 100 restaurants and cafés in German-speaking Switzerland, provoking shock among coffee drinkers. Migros subsequently recalled the pots and ended its contract with Karo Versand. Speaking to newspaper 20 Minutes on Thursday, Peter Wälchli, direc-tor of Karo Versand, said: “If Migros really does decide to put an end to our contract, that will be the end of a traditional Swiss hobby.” Collectors have been calling him concerned about the future of the company – and therefore their hobby – ever since the designs made international headlines earlier this week, he said. “Every five minutes worried people call me,” Wälchli told 20 Minutes. “We are the only company in Switzerland to keep a record of these cream pots. If we can no longer do it then 5,000 people will have to find another hobby because they will no longer know if a series is complete or not.”
On Wednesday Migros apologized for the distribution of the pots, blaming it on a breakdown of internal control procedures within ELSA. Migros spokesperson Trisan Cerf told 20 Minutes that after producing the cream pots, most are returned to Karo Versand to sell on to collectors, but that any surplus is distributed to restaurants and cafes to prevent waste. “This series was only meant for collectors. It’s not our fault the images were distributed to a hundred restaurants,” said Wälchli. But Migros holds no truck with that. “To say that these designs would not have caused a problem if they were only destined for collectors is an argument we cannot accept,” said Cerf. “Whether the pots were destined for collectors or for Migros, it’s unacceptable. Hitler has no place on a cream pot lid!” Wälchli told 20 Minutes: “Of course it’s terrible what happened at the time of Hitler, but awful things happen today too. People are being decapitated in Syria.”
© The Local - Switzerland
Sweden's far-right tells mainstream to negotiate or risk new election
24/10/2014- The leader of the far-right Sweden Democrats, who hold the balance of power in parliament, said on Friday that mainstream parties should negotiate with them before the government's centerpiece budget vote or risk a new election. All parties have refused to talk to the Sweden Democrats despite them taking 13 percent of the vote in last month's election, giving them the power to bring down the government. Prime Minister Stefan Lofven's Social Democrats has formed a minority government with the Green Party and with support from the Left Party they put forward a budget bill this week. The four-party Alliance grouping, now in opposition, will make its budget proposal in the coming weeks. Whichever budget gets the most votes wins and traditionally parties only vote for a budget they helped negotiate. But the Sweden Democrats have said they may vote for the Alliance budget meaning the opposition would win, bringing down the government. That could spark the first snap election since 1958.
"In budget matters we have significant influence," the Sweden Democrats' acting leader Mattias Karlsson told Reuters. "If they really want to avoid new elections they should talk to the winners of the elections, Sweden's third largest party and the party who hold the balance of power in parliament." Karlsson, leader in the absence of Jimmie Akesson who is on sick leave for stress-related exhaustion, called for more funding for law and order, defense and pensioners in the budget. His party wants to cut asylum seeker numbers by 90 percent. "We owe it to our constituents to try to get as much as possible of our policies into reality," he said during an interview in his parliament office. "We have said that we are compromise-friendly and humble to the fact that we have 13 and not 51 percent. Therefore, we are willing to cooperate and negotiate and engage in dialogue with all parties, but no one has responded."
Sweden is used to minority governments. A willingness to make deals on individual issues with opposition parties has made it easier for minority governments to survive. Political scientists doubt that the Sweden Democrats would vote against the government and bring it down as that might hurt their carefully cultivated image of respectability. Polls after the election show support increasing for the Sweden Democrats. Even if the budget passes, the opposition may still be able to scupper some of the measures it contains. The Sweden Democrats have said they may try to stop a plan to halt nuclear power development and plans for trainee jobs in welfare. In the longer term, they could also make plans to cut the role of for-profit welfare companies tough to push through.
Sweden: Neo-Nazis cleared of knife attack on Nigerian
A Stockholm court has cleared three neo-Nazis of stabbing a Nigerian man in an unprovoked attack. But two of the men will face jail after they were convicted of racial agitation at a riot.
24/10/2014- Södertörn district court said it could not prove that the three members of the Swedish Resistance Movement (SMR) had carried out a knife attack in the Stockholm suburb Hökarängen, despite witness testimony from a man they knew. But the court did find two of the same suspects guilty of racial agitation and rioting at an anti-racism demon-stration in another suburb, Kärrtorp, a week later. The pair were each sentenced to seven months in prison.
News of the demo last December shocked Swedes, as neo-Nazis attacked a crowd that included families with small children. Four other SMR members were jailed earlier this year for their part in the clashes, which left several people injured. In the Hökarängen stabbing, the three suspects were charged with attempted murder and assault. Two people were injured in the attack. One of them was struck by his assailants. The other victim, a visitor from Nigeria, received serious stab wounds. The prosecutor said his attackers targeted the man because of his skin colour.
When questioned, one of the suspects, an 18-year-old SMR member, said he had used force “in self-defence” but denied taking part in a knife attack. “You know, that really would be a very strict breach of our rules, to use violence unprovoked,” he told the court. He said SMR was “absolutely not” a racist group. He agreed they were national socialists but said, “there’s a big damn difference”. The two other suspects denied involvement in the attack. The Nigerian victim said he was stopped by the men while out walking in Hökarängen. “So I took out my earphones to listen to them and hear what they had to say. Then I was stabbed here, so deeply, in my stomach,” he told SVT’s Uppdrag Granskning, an investigative news programme.
The court said the only evidence tying the suspects to the attack was the testimony of an acquaintance, a man who was also previously a suspect in the case. Testimony of this kind “has to be treated with special care, and it alone is not sufficient for a guilty verdict,” said Judge Sara Rosén in a statement. The court said it also took into account the fact that the witness only stepped forward after seeing pictures of himself on the television show, and his testimony could be viewed as an attempt to protect himself. The court sought to contact him again but was unable to find him.
The three men were also cleared of involvement in an attack on another man on the same night in December 2013. Surveillance footage showed the suspects following a man and beating him on the platform at the Hökarängen metro station. The events shown in the video were partially obscure, however, and the men were able to argue they had acted in self-defence after the camera caught the alleged victim striking one of them on the head with a bottle.
© The Local - Sweden
After Twitter ruling, tech firms increasingly toe Europe’s line on hate speech
23/10/2014- A little over a year after a French court forced Twitter to remove some anti-Semitic content, experts say the ruling has had a ripple effect, leading other Internet companies to act more aggressively against hate speech in an effort to avoid lawsuits. The 2013 ruling by the Paris Court of Appeals settled a lawsuit brought the year before by the Union of Jewish Students of France over the hashtag #UnBonJuif, which means “a good Jew” and which was used to index thousands of anti-Semitic comments that violated France’s law against hate speech. Since then, YouTube has permanently banned videos posted by Dieudonne, a French comedian with 10 convictions for inciting racial hatred against Jews. And in February, Facebook removed the page of French Holocaust denier Alain Soral for “repeatedly posting things that don’t comply with the Facebook terms,” according to the company. Soral’s page had drawn many complaints in previous years but was only taken down this year.
“Big companies don’t want to be sued,” said Konstantinos Komaitis, a former academic and current policy adviser at the Internet Society, an international organization that encourages governments to ensure access and sustainable use of the Internet. “So after the ruling in France, we are seeing an inclination by Internet service providers like Google, YouTube, Facebook to try and adjust their terms of service — their own internal jurisprudence — to make sure they comply with national laws.” The change comes amid a string of heavy sentences handed down by European courts against individuals who used online platforms to incite to racism or violence.
On Monday, a British court sentenced one such offender to four weeks in jail for tweeting “Hitler was right” to a Jewish lawmaker. Last week, a court in Geneva sentenced a man to five months in jail for posting texts that deny the Holocaust. And in April, a French court sentenced two men to five months in jail for posting an anti-Semitic video. “The stiffer sentences owe partly to a realization by judges of the dangers posed by online hatred, also in light of cyber-jihadism and how it affected people like Mohammed Merah,” said Christophe Goossens, the legal adviser of the Belgian League against Anti-Semitism, referring to the killer of four Jews at a Jewish school in Toulouse in 2012.
In the Twitter case, the company argued that as an American firm it was protected by the First Amendment. But the court rejected the argument and forced Twitter to remove some of the comments and identify some of the authors. It also required the company to set up a system for flagging and ultimately removing comments that violate hate speech laws. Twitter responded by overhauling its terms of service to facilitate adherence to European law, Twitter’s head of global safety outreach and public policy, Patricias Cartes Andres, revealed Monday at a conference in Brussels organized by the International Network Against Cyber Hate, or INACH. “The rules have been changed in a way that allows us to take down more content when groups are being targeted,” Cartes Andres told JTA. Before the lawsuit, she added, “if you didn’t target any one person, you could have gotten away with it.”
The change went into effect five months ago, but Twitter “wanted to be very quiet about it because there will be other communities, like the freedom of speech community, that will be quite upset about it because they would view it as censorship,” Cartes Andres said. Suzette Bronkhorst, the secretary of INACH, said Twitter’s adjusted policies are part of a “change in attitude” by online service providers since 2013. “Before the trial, Twitter gave Europe the middle finger,” Brokhorst said. “But they realized that if they want to work in Europe, they need to keep European laws, and others are coming to the same realization.”
According to Komaitis, the Twitter case was built on a landmark court ruling in 2000 that forced the search engine Yahoo! to ban the sale of Nazi memorabilia. But the 2013 ruling “went much further,” he said, “demonstrating the increasing pressure on providers to adhere to national laws, unmask offenders and set up flagging mechanisms.” Still, the INACH conference showed that big gaps remain between the practices sought by European anti-racism activists and those now being implemented by the tech companies.
One area of contention is Holocaust denial, which is illegal in many European countries but which several American companies, reflecting the broader free speech protections prevalent in the United States, are refusing to censure. Delphine Reyre, Facebook’s director of policy, said at the conference that the company believes users should be allowed to debate the subject. “Counter speech is a powerful tool that we lose with censorship,” she said. Cartes Andres cited the example of the hashtag #PutosJudios, Spanish for “Jewish whores,” which in May drew thousands of comments after a Spanish basketball team lost to its Israeli rival. More than 90 percent of the comments were “positive statements that attacked those who used the offensive term,” she said. Some of the comments are the subject of an ongoing police investigation in Spain launched after a complaint filed by 11 Jewish groups.
But Mark Gardner of Britain’s Community Security Trust wasn’t buying it. “There’s no counter-speech to Holocaust denial,” Gardner said at the conference. “I’m not going to send Holocaust survivors to debate the existence of Auschwitz online. That’s ridiculous.”
© JTA News
Italian town plans separate bus for Roma
A mayor in north-west Italy has backed a controversial plan to create a bus route only for Roma people, a move which has been likened to the segregation policies of Apartheid South Africa, Italian media reported on Friday.
24/10/2014- The proposal to separate members of the Roma community from other Borgaro residents won the mayor Claudio Gambino's support at a town hall meeting on Thursday, La Stampa reported. Under the plans, a new bus will be put on to parallel the 69 route and end at a Roma camp, in the town north of Turin. The idea came after reports of passengers being robbed and abused on the bus line. “This way we will resolve the problem without anyone losing out,” Gambino was quoted as saying. “Two lines, one for us and one for them. I will talk to the police commissioner about it, it seems to be the only solution.” Luigi Spinelli, Borgaro’s transport councillor, described it as "the best solution for everyone". But the move bears a stark resemblance to Apartheid policies carried out in South Africa, when black and white people were separated on public transport, Rai News noted. Despite this, the measure won overwhelming support in an online poll by La Stampa, with just 15 percent of voters disagreeing with the policy. Eighty-three percent of Italians protect their wallet if they see a Roma person on the bus, according to figures compiled by Avvenire, a Catholic newspaper.
© The Local - Italy
Italy: Men face charges over 'passionate' public kiss
Two Italian men who engaged in a "long and passionate" kiss during a demonstration have been charged with breach of the peace following a police report which claimed their act had "disgusted" passersby.
23/10/2014- The men are among six lesbian and gay activists who were formally charged with the public order offence on October 7th following a police investigation into a pro-test held in the city of Perugia in March. Human Rights Watch on Thursday described the charges as reflecting prejudiced attitudes and urged Perugia's prosecutors to drop them. "They would be laughable if they didn't reflect exactly the anti-gay sentiment the activists are fighting," said HRW's Judith Sunderland. The demonstration which landed the six in trouble was a counter protest to one by a group called Sentinelle in Piedi (Standing Sentries) which is opposed to gay unions and the extension of anti-discrimination legislation to include homosexuals. The police report on which the charges are based accuses the activists of calling their opponents "fascists" and "bigots" and highlights their "colourful" clothing as well as the kiss. It states that after being asked to move on, the two men had engaged in "a long and passionate kiss on the mouth...in front of many families with children and teenagers, many of them minors, leaving passersby disgusted at such a display." Four of the six activists have also been charged with staging an illegal demonstration.
"Gay men and lesbian women kissing public is not a crime," HRW's Sunderland said. "The activists' actions are clearly protected by their right to peaceful protest." The Perugia case comes against a background of heightened tensions in Italy over the treatment of same-sex couples. The Sentries movement staged prayer vigil-style demonstrations in dozens of towns and cities on October 5th over government plans to authorize civil unions for same-sex couples. Counter-demonstrations led to scuffles and arrests in a number of cities but no charges were brought. Prime Minister Matteo Renzi has promised to introduce legislation to allow gay couples to have legally-enshrined partnerships by January. The govern-ment has no plans to follow other European countries by according homosexuals the right to marry, which a majority of Italians oppose. A number of towns and cities have registered the marriages of gay couples married outside of Italy but Interior Minister Angelino Alfano ordered them to stop the practice earlier this month, saying it had no legal basis. Some mayors have vowed to defy the order, including Rome's Ignazio Marino, who registered 16 gay marriages on Saturday.
© The Local - Italy
Italy: Outrage over politician's ironic 'host a migrant' ad
A Northern League politician has sparked controversy after saying migrants could just be “fed bread and water” in a video mocking a proposal to pay Italians €900 a month to host a migrant in their home.
23/10/2014- In the video, intended to attract activists to a protest in Milan last Saturday against the “invasion” of migrants in Italy, Umberto Bosco, the party's councillor candidate for the Emilia-Romagna region, asks viewers: “Having difficulty paying the rent? Then take Abdullah home and Alfano [Angelino Alfano, Italy’s Interior Minister] will give you €900 a month.” The video was made weeks after Domenico Manzione, undersecretary at the Interior Ministry, put forward the proposal to pay Italians €30 to host a migrant. “Having trouble paying your mortgage? Then put Fatima up on the sofa,” Bosto went on to say, as a woman in a headscarf appears on the screen. “She’s pregnant, so the payment will soon double.” He then addresses the concern people might have with “spending all the €900 on the migrant”. “Just put them in a cellar and give them bread, water and a bucket for their needs.” At the end, he says: "Until yesterday, the immigration business was reserved for smugglers and exploiters, but thanks to Renzi’s government, you too can make money from the African continent."
The video was soon shared by thousands of extremists, and branded “racist” by those on the left, the website, ilrestodelcarlino.it reported. Bosco argued that the video was “ironic” and intended to reflect “the absurdity of the proposal from Renzi’s government". “It doesn’t take a genius to work out that such a proposal (which was withdrawn) would trigger a system of systematic exploitation of new arrivals.” The demonstration last Saturday also called on Italy to stop Mare Nostrum, the sea rescue operation launched after hundreds of migrants died in two shipwrecks last October. The number of people making the treacherous crossing to Italy from north Africa so far this year has reached some 118,000, triple the number last year, while more than 2,500 people have drowned or gone missing attempting the crossing.
© The Local - Italy
Don't hurt migrants: Spain to border police
Spain said on Wednesday it would order police guarding its borders with Morocco to take care to prevent injuries when tackling migrants who scramble over the fences into Spanish territory, after evidence of abuse by officers sparked outrage.
23/10/2014- A video filmed by a rights group on October 15th showed Spanish Civil Guards beating an African migrant as he hung on the fence separating Morocco from the Spanish territory of Melilla, and then carrying him apparently unconscious back to the Moroccan side. The video sparked cries of outrage from rights groups and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, while the EU on Tuesday warned that Spain could not use force stop migrants from trying to enter the country. The Spanish government insisted its officers had acted legally and complained that the border fence is under intense pressure from the flow of migrants. In a statement late on Wednesday the interior ministry said it had drawn up new instructions for border guards that will be included in a forthcoming immigration reform.
It said the guards' mission is to "prevent the illegal entry of people" into Melilla and Spain's other north African enclave, Ceuta, which together have Europe's only land borders with Africa. The ministry said surveillance and coordination with Moroccan security forces would be stepped up to provide early warnings of attempts by migrants to scale the seven-metre (23-foot) triple-layer fence. "In cases where migrants' violent behaviour obliges officers to use equipment to keep order, their actions will conform to the principles of timeliness, coherence and proportionality, taking care at all times to minimize injuries," the statement said. It said officers must take care to avoid migrants and police falling from the fence and must call for medical assistance for any migrants who get hurt.
The government has been criticized for so-called illegal "on-the-spot deportations" of migrants who have stormed the border fence in groups of hundreds over recent months. The government denies that migrants who climb the fence should be considered as having reached Spanish territory and says it has the right to return those intercepted while perched there. It said the new guidelines would consider an immigrant to have illegally reached Spain if they "get completely past the perimeter security system". In those cases, the immi-grants will be taken to a police station to be registered. Spain has demanded more help from the European Union to deal with the flow of migrants trying to get into Melilla and Ceuta, which has swelled over recent months. In the latest attempt, two migrants were taken to hospital after about 200 of them tried to storm the fence into Melilla on Wednes-day morning, Spanish government officials in the territory said in a statement. About 20 made it across and dozens of others sat perched on the top of the fence for hours. Nearly 2,000 African immigrants have managed to enter Melilla, a city of about 80,000 people, so far this year, the statement said.
© The Local - Spain
European Soccer Has a Racism Problem. Its Solution: Sexism.
When Manchester City played CSKA Moscow on Tuesday in the Champions League, Europe’s most prestigious soccer club competition, the 18,600-capacity stadium was mostly empty. It was the first of three games the Russian club has to play to a closed stadium as punishment for its fans’ racist behavior.
Forcing sanctioned clubs to play in closed stadiums has become standard protocol of late, but on Wednesday UEFA, European football’s governing body, announced that it is considering an alternate solution: allowing only children under the age of twelve and women into sanctioned matches. This policy isn’t without precedent: Turkey adopted a women-and-children-only rule in 2011 for problematic club matches, a move that a UEFA spokesperson said “had a really positive effect on football” and was lauded by The Guardian at the time as being “good for football” by encouraging more female fandom. But if UEFA did adopt this policy, which would encourage organizations like FIFA to do the same, they would be doing the sport a disservice. Yes, racism is a problem. But sexism is not its solution.
Sports culture is overwhelmingly male, and fan violence is generally perpetrated by male fans. But the point here isn’t to deal with male aggression or machismo; this is about racism, and the violent behavior it often elicits. And racism isn’t male. By banning men and bringing in women, UEFA would be implying that women cannot be racist—that women could not possibly be capable of foul-mouthed, virulent racism, and must be brought in to save men from themselves. Even when gender stereo-typing depicts women in a positive light, it still removes agency and forces women to assume a specific identity. What's more, whenever there is a violent incident, UEFA cautions against generalizations, stressing that the regrettable behavior of a tiny minority has caused all fans (usually male) to be punished. But by adopting the women-and-children policy, UEFA would be doing the exact opposite to women—making a blanket assumption about how they behave. If UEFA doesn’t believe that men are the problem, then they shouldn’t advocate women as the solution.
Gender aside, the proposed policy would also defeat the purpose of sanctions: to punish the clubs and make them change their behavior. It's less about money—these clubs, valued in the hundreds of millions, can survive a few matches without ticket sales—and more about the embarrassment of playing to empty stadiums and losing the home-field advantage. It sends a very clear message. Allowing these teams to have an audience, however small and well-behaved, would complicate that message. The new policy would either lessen the force of the punishment, or, if we're to believe it's still a punishment, imply that women and children are not real fans. UEFA has been aggressive in recent years about combatting racism in soccer, and it should be applauded for that. But this latest idea would be a step back. Racism and sexism already plague the sport. Don’t make one worse while trying to fix the other.
© The New Republic
Czech authorities alarmingly unwilling to prosecute online hate crimes
Ill-will, incompetence or indifference. In which category does the inactivity of the Czech Police with respect to racist threats and verbal attacks belong?
22/10/2014- The failures of the criminal justice authorities result in making it possible for incitement to racism and threats to be made with impunity in the virtual realm, especially on social networking sites. Zdeněk Ryšavý, director of the ROMEA organization, recently became the target of such threats. More and more Czech citizens are personally experiencing this every day. People are becoming the victims of online threats because of their alternative opinions, religion, skin color, or - in the case of the director of ROMEA - because they refuse to agree with incitements to racism or to participate in disseminating xenophobic opinions.
When people fear for their lives, it is natural for them to turn to the police for help and protection, as the police motto goes. However, after experiencing bureaucratic obstacles and the time it takes to write up various documents and requests or make official statements, many realize the futility of seeking such police assistance; while rank and file detectives in the police departments do their best to help, their dependency on the often absurd instructions given them by police command ties their hands.
Incitement to murder
On 17 February a Czech-language Facebook page was launched with hateful content and an unambiguous name: "We Demand the Public Execution of the Executive Director of Romea, o.s., Zdeněk Ryšavý" ("Požadujeme veřejnou popravu výkonného ředitele Romea o.s. Zdeňka Ryšavého"). In addition to other texts inciting violence against a particular group, on 28 February the following discussion post also turned up there: "Not only will Zdeněk Ryšavý and his daughter have to pay with their blood, but so will Tomáš Bystrý, Jarmila Balážová and the dubious artist and perverted homosexual David Tišet" [sic, the correct spelling is Tišer - editors]. A Facebook user appearing under the name Gabriel Zamrazil then posted: "I totally agree. He deserves death.... Let me do it."
This commentary indicated a readiness to personally commit a crime or to otherwise ensure its realization. Ryšavý reported the page to Facebook as hateful and demanded that it be removed. "We immediately reported the page and called on our fans to do the same," Ryšavý told news server Romea.cz. Facebook sent a response within moments. "We have checked the page you reported as containing hateful language or symbols and found it does not violate our Community Principles," read the answer. This is the automatic reply that Facebook sends out within just a few minutes in such cases.
Ryšavý, afraid for his own life and for the security of his family, filed a criminal report on 5 March about the facts indicating that the making of criminal threats (Section 353 Act No. 40/2009, Coll.), incitement to commit a crime (Section 364) and approval of a crime (Section 365) had all been perpetrated. The presumption also exists that the people who supported these Facebook threats by clicking the "like" button (another 27 people) have committed the felony of approving of a crime. The police response that followed could have been a model for an absurd tragicomedy about how the rule of law works, one that should be screened in police academies as an example of how police officers and the state prosecutor are definitely not supposed to proceed when fulfilling their obligations. Ultimately, what helped the case was publicizing it; most probably, when the perpetrator learned from the media that a criminal investigation was underway, he got scared and erased the Facebook page himself.
Lost in translation
"The unwillingness of the Police of the Czech Republic to pursue serious verbal crimes like this is alarming," said Klára Kalibová, a lawyer who directs the In IUSTITIA organization, which participated in writing up the criminal report. The correct URL address of the Facebook page was included in that communication. Police had to first have the text of the report translated into English, and it then underwent approval according to a so-called Telecommunications Service Monitoring protocol, in accordance with the Czech Criminal Code, after which it was sent by the Police Presidium to the country at issue. In the first phase, that was Ireland, which is where Facebook has its European branch.
Not only did that entire procedure take several months, but the Czech Police sent the wrong URL address to Ireland. "Understandably, they wrote back from Ireland that the URL address was wrong and needed correction," Kalibová comments, adding, "but [the Czech Police] didn't correct it - instead they issued an absurd decision that was not based on the truth, claiming that they had not managed to find the perpetrator and that the case was being postponed." After some time, there was nothing left to do but to resubmit the motion to the police, again with the correct URL address. The police were repeatedly called upon to communicate with Face-book.
In the interim, however, an internal methodological instruction for the Police of the Czech Republic took effect according to which officers must first consult every-thing with the state prosecutor, who will decide on how to proceed. This, of course, meant that the excruciating process of the criminal investigation was far from over. "One state prosecutor, whom I will not name, but who is presented as a leading specialist in extremism, by the way, has already shelved several cases of verbal crimes, saying they are allegedly not serious and are covered by freedom of speech protections," Kalibová said. Those cases have involved, for example, right-wing extremists from the National Resistance, or Patrik Banga's criminal report filed against a journalist who invented and published a "news" story about Romani people allegedly robbing a collection that had been taken up for flood victims. "In Zdeněk Ryšavý's case, a police officer consulted it with [the state prosecutor] and she decided not to file charges. She allegedly insisted in her decision that in her experience, the Americans would not pursue this," Kalibová said.
The excuse of freedom of speech in the USA
What is absurd about the state prosecutor's approach in this context is the fact that she has argued in her decision that freedom of speech is extensive in American legislative practice. The state prosecutor's interpretation of that information is that US law tolerates these kinds of threats. That claim is dubious to say the least, because death threats against a specific individual are prosecutable in the USA, just as they are in the Czech Republic. It is mainly dubious in another sense: The state prosecutor either does not know or does not want to know that she was supposed to have been turning in this case not to the USA, but to Ireland, where EU legislation applies.
She is, therefore, involuntarily participating in creating de facto impunity for verbal crimes committed in a racist context in the Czech Republic. What is paradoxical is that according to our information, the Irish branch of Facebook responsible for Central Europe is friendly and helpful when it comes to intervening against such excesses, but of course they need the correct information to do so, and the Police of the Czech Republic, and indirectly the state prosecutor, basically were incapable of supplying it. "I was in contact with Irish Facebook's head of public relations for Central Europe, who said that if the police can prove this to her, she would cooperate with them. She told me: Have them write it up properly and we will be happy to oblige," said Kalibová, "but the Czech police officers, of course, did not respond to that."
Calls for murder illegal in US too
Kalibová believes this points to a serious systemic problem in addressing hate crime in a cybercrime context, because Europe cannot be toothless in its cooperation with the United States, and the clarification of specific crimes should not have to depend upon whether Czech police officers speak English or not. The state prosecu-tor's key argument, that the case of Zdeněk Ryšavý falls under the protection of freedom of speech as it is interpreted in the United States, is doubly moot. Even if the case were to fall under American legislation (and not Irish law, as it actually does), any call for the specific murder of a specific person is clearly illegal in all of these systems. "This is extremely serious misconduct by the criminal justice authorities and it is endangering the security of a specific person and his family," Kalibová stresses; she is considering using her final enforceable procedural tool, that of a complaint to the supervising Prosecutor's Office, which could order the state attorney to proceed in accordance with the Criminal Code.
Grist to the mill of the xenophobes
Giving the excuse that threats to publicly execute a Czech citizen and his family cannot be prosecuted by referring to the practically unlimited freedom of speech in the United States of America is unacceptable for two reasons: Such an excuse not only contravenes the facts, it mainly contributes to a false legal analysis and reinforces Czech racists and other extremists in the illusion that their behavior is tolerated by society and the state. This is particularly dangerous in a situation where blogs, the media, and social networks are abuzz with incitements to hatred.
Such lack of action further disseminates the feeling that calls for violence against ethnic minorities, or against those whose opinions differ from ours, are generally tolerated. In this context, the futile, long-term, strenuous efforts of this author to contact those responsible at the Police of the Czech Republic for a statement on this issue is symptomatic of a bigger problem; if the Czech Police provide us a statement after this piece is published, we will be glad to publish it.
A neo-Nazi resurgence is bad news for all (opinion)
by Menachem Z. Rosensaft
22/10/2014- One of the most insidious, and perhaps ultimately one of the most dangerous, manifestations of neo-Nazi resurgence may well be its steady subversive infiltration of contemporary popular and consumer culture. Rabidly bigoted, modern-day neo-Nazi parties and movements such as Jobbik in Hungary and Golden Dawn in Greece are relatively easy to identify and fight through political, judicial, and legislative means. Modern-day fascists such as Marine Le Pen’s Front National in France, who combine reactionary views with a calculated strategic effort to make themselves appear more palatable to the political mainstream, are also relatively easy to identify and expose for what they are: anti-Semitic, anti-Roma, and generally xenophobic.
But below the radar screen, there are nefarious attempts to legitimize Nazism and all that Nazism stood for in the popular psyche under the guise of cutting-edge fashion, perverse home decoration, and even crass, prurient sexual exploitation. Consider:
• The peddling of silver “Swastika Rings” on Sears’ on-line marketplace. Faced with consumer outrage, Sears quickly yanked this example of what had been described as “gothic jewelry” and removed the offending vendor from its site.
• The sale on the Walmart, Sears, and Amazon websites of a “home decoration” poster featuring the “Arbeit Macht Frei” (“Work makes you free”) gate of the Dachau concentration camp. All three retailers pulled this item after their attention was called to it.
• The Spanish retail clothing chain Zara was forced to apologize for marketing a striped concentration-camp-like tee shirt complete with a six-pointed yellow star.
The latest, and possibly the most nausea-inducing, example of this particular fad is an ever-so-sexy beauty pageant out of the former Soviet Union. Before it was apparently suspended by the Russian social media site Vkontakte, a page on that website solicited women who consider themselves Nazis to submit photos of themselves and statements on precisely why they admire Hitler. The winner of this revolting pageant was to be crowned Miss Ostland — the name given by the Nazis to the German-occupied territory covering Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and part of what is today western Belarus. She was to receive a piece of jewelry featuring one of the Nordic runes that were popular with Heinrich Himmler and his SS. Granted, there is no indication that this particular beauty contest ever had a mass or even large-scale following. Nevertheless, it is a timely and potent reminder that neo-Nazism in its vilest form is enjoying a significant revival among at least some segments of society. The Vkontakte page in question purportedly had more than 7,000 Russian and Ukrainian followers.
In Kentucky, a white supremacist write-in candidate for Senate named Robert Edward Ransdell posted signs proclaiming “With Jews We Lose.” Ransdell also took advantage of his participation in the University of Kentucky’s Constitution Week to spew his anti-Semitic bile to college and high school students. And in Sydney, Australia, a neo-Nazi group is sending out flyers declaring that “It’s time for all White Australians to stop being blinded by political correctness and Jewish lies about equality, multiculturalism, and the need for so-called diversity.” To be sure, much of the virulent present-day anti-Semitism emanates from radical Islamic and leftist pro-Palestinian sources. But these are increasingly finding disturbing common ground with the extreme right.
Cries of “Gas the Jews” are suddenly being heard once more in demonstrations in Germany and elsewhere. “The fear is that now things are blatantly being said openly, and no one is batting an eyelid,” Jessica Frommer, who works for a nonprofit organization in Brussels, told The New York Times. “Anti-Semitism has always been, histo-rically, the inability to make space for differences among people, which is the essential foundation of a free society,” Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks, Britian’s emeritus chief rabbi, wrote in The Wall Street Journal. “That is why the politics of hate now assaults Christians, Bahai, Yazidis, and many others, including Muslims on the wrong side of the Sunni/Shia divide, as well as Jews. To fight it, we must stand together, people of all faiths and of none. The future of freedom is at stake, and it will be the defining battle of the 21st century.”
As we approach the 70th anniversary of the end of the Holocaust and the liberation of the Nazi death and concentration camps by Allied troops, we must bear in mind that while the Third Reich was defeated at the end of World War II, the ideology that made possible the genocide of European Jewry is very much alive throughout much of the supposedly civilized world. We ignore or dismiss its presence in our midst at our peril.
Menachem Z. Rosensaft is Adjunct Professor of Law at Cornell Law School and Vice President of the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors and Their Descendants.
UK/Poland: Ukip's far-right Euro partner attacks 'Holocaust industry'
Nigel Farage’s Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy group has recruited an MEP from the Congress of the New Right (Poland), whose leader, Janusz Korwin-Mikke, uses racial slurs and questions the Holocaust.
21/10/2014- In a recent interview with the JC, Korwin-Mikke said that Jews’ efforts to win back property stolen during the Second World War often amounted to a “Holocaust industry”. Korwin-Mikke said: “If somebody tries to get property which doesn’t belong directly to him, he should not get it. We are against returning property that belonged to one Jew to another Jew. It is a Holocaust industry.” The 71-year-old MEP also claimed that the only Jews left in Poland were “Jewish communists”, adding: “Jews are very talented people, and therefore are our worst enemies, because they are talented communists. “This is why the Poles have a specific image of Jews. They don’t know the real Jews, only the Communists ones who stayed here.” His colourful character and provocative remarks about the European Parliament, the gay community, Jews and world leaders marked him out as the “bad boy” of Polish politics.
But he surprised everybody. His party gained more than seven per cent of the vote in May's European election, amounting to four seats. He claimed that he would have seen even more success had it not been for “the state, Catholics, communists, the media attacking me all the way”. While Korwin-Mikke claimed he was “against any restrictions on minorities”, he explained this by saying: “For us there are no minorities, there are only Polish citizens. We are against special rights for minorities. The same with Jews.” Korwin-Mikke has detailed his views on Jews in previous interviews published in the Polish media.
In an interview with weekly magazine Najwyzszy Czas in 2008, he said: “[Jews] are so proud of the six million murdered in the Holocaust, that it sometimes seems to me that if Eichmann had objected to sending the Hungarian Jews to the death camps, he could have been accused of antisemitism because it would have decrease the number murdered, which is brought up at every occassion. “Maybe I am exaggerating a little, but don’t you see the sick carping on the left and right that so many Jews were murdered — even four times more than in reality? “That the more victims there were, the better?”
A Ukip spokesman said Polish MEP Robert Iwaszkiewicz was the only member of Korwin-Mikke's group who would be joining the European grouping. "Korwin-Mikke is not a member of our group. Both Ukip and the EFDD group abhors and rejects any scent of antisemitism. "All groups in the European Parliament have very odd bedfel-lows. The rules to get speaking time and funding are set by the European Parliament, Ukip." Shneur Odze, who was Ukip's only strictly Orthodox candidate in May's European elections, said: "We have invited one person to join and not the leader. The man that has joined us said he wanted Hitler dead, he is no closet fascist. "I understand for some people that this is a difficult pill to swallow, and people do not understand the nuances and intricacies of European politics."
Board of Deputies vice-president Jonathan Arkush said: “The Board is gravely concerned by reports that Ukip may sit in the same parliamentary grouping as a far-right Polish MEP in a bid save its funding. "Robert Iwaszkiewicz belongs to an extremist party whose leader has a history of Holocaust denial, racist remarks and misogynistic comments. "For UKIP to choose such a figure as Robert Iwaszkiewicz as a bedfellow, apparently for money, is beyond belief. Nigel Farage now has some very serious questions to answer. He has placed in issue the credibility of Ukip."
© The Jewish Chronicle
Poland: 'Hatred' Developer Creative Destruction Denies Accusations Some Members Are 'Neo Nazis'
20/10/2014- On Friday a story by F*ck No Videogames alleged that the some of the developers behind the "mass murder" action game Hatred might be tied to extremist groups in Poland. Another report from Player Attack reiterates these allegations and expands on much of the information contained in the first report. We reached out to Poland-based developer Creative Destruction on early Friday afternoon and CEO Jarosław Zieliński responded this morning, calling the accusation that members of his team were extreme-right and Neo-Nazis "simply really stupid."
Before we give you that statement, here's a little background on why the two aforementioned publications have reported that Creative Destruction has ties to an extremist and racist group; according to both reports, a group photo of the studio shows one member wearing a Żołnierze wyklęci (also called "cursed soldiers") t-shirt. The "cursed soldiers" were an anti-communist military group formed during World War II. While seen as important historical heroes in Poland, they are also admired by extreme right-wing activists in country. According to the reports, the person wearing that t-shirt is Jakub Stychno, who also allegedly supports "Obóz Narodowo Radykalny" ("National Radical Camp"), an "extreme-right" anti-communist group. Creative Destruction CEO and Animator Jarosław Zieliński also allegedly has associations with extreme-right causes; his Facebook page at one time showed that he is a supporter of the "nationalist, anti-Muslim hate group Polska Liga Obrony (Polish Defence League)."
FX artist Marcin Kaźmierczak is also a supporter of "homophobic, racist, unpleasant Facebook pages" (according to Player Attack's report), as well as a supporter of the "nationalistic, homophobic youth organization Młodzież Wszechpolska (All-Polish Youth)." Both Polska Liga Obrony and Młodzież Wszechpolska are considered right-wing nationalist groups, and Obóz Narodowo Radykalny has been identified by the European Human Rights Association as an organization that engages in hate speech. But Creative Destruction CEO and Animator Jarosław Zieliński says that all of these accusations about he and members of his staff being involved in (and supporting) extreme right and Neo-Nazi groups is "simply really stupid." "These accusations are simply really stupid. :)," Zieliński told GamePolitics in an emailed statement.
"'Żołnierze Wyklęci' were an underground polish army, who were fighting Nazis and after the fall of [the] Third Reich, they were treating communists who came to Poland as the same kind of enemy that Nazis were. They were fighting with those new occupants after the war is over. They were never associated with Freikorps, it's bullshit and I don't know where from people get their historical informations. 'Żołnierze Wyklęci' are considered a national heroes of Poland, but their memory is obviously a pain in the ass for all commie-lovers and their supporters, so they try to defame all those who remember. TL;DR - if someone considers people who were fighting Nazis and another totalitarian regime as Nazis themselves, are really fucking stupid."
He also addressed allegations that he supports Polska Liga Obrony on Facebook:
"As for me supposedly 'supporting' Polska Liga Obrony on Facebook. Well, I've liked this page, because it's source of an information what is going on right now in the
middle-east and Europe (and a lot of evil shit is going on - those are REAL problems, not our game). Some things media would not show, nor tell. So: no, I'm not any kind of 'supporter.'" "I hope it clears everything out," Zieliński said in closing. "The truth is - when you'll make a controversial game (or any other type of controversy), there will be some people who will spread false propaganda about you personally. Do not believe them, they feed on naivety. We are group of nice, normal guys, you don't have to be some sick bastard to make a game like this." Zieliński also posted a statement on his personal Facebook page to speak out about the accusations.
Zieliński, according to a very rough translation from Google, says on his Facebook page that he "does not feel depressed" by all of the "hate" and the questions about "Nazis," and that he cares more about things going on in the real world than any shit storms on the Internet. He also said that about "five percent" of the emails have been about "non-production" of the game and "hate," with the rest being supportive. You can read his entire post here.
Hatred was announced last week to a mixed reaction by the community and press. The launch trailer for the game shows a nameless protagonist who "hates the world" going on a mass murder spree against innocent civilians. Creative Destruction says that it will be for PC only and will be distributed by Steam and GOG.com if it can receive approval from both platforms. A Rep. from GOG had no comment on the game Friday, only saying that it had not had any contact with Creative Destruction. Last week after the trailer for the game was released, Epic Games asked the company to remove its logos from it saying it "isn't involved in this project." The game is being built using Epic Games' freely available Unreal Engine 4.
© Game Politics
Dutch nazi party museum hoax puzzles Utrecht daycare centre
24/10/2014- A hoax letter has been sent to families and companies located on the Maliebaan in Utrecht to tell them that a museum focusing on the Dutch nazi movement NSB is about to be opened in their street. The letter, on headed paper, says the museum will be located at the former NSB headquarters at number 35, which is currently home to a daycare centre. Police are investigating the origins of the letter and say it is unclear what the letter writer hoped to achieve. ‘The chills ran up my spine,’ one recipient told local broadcaster RTV Utrecht. Daycare centre director Judith Geenen told the broadcaster the incident is extremely odd. Creche staff have hung up notices saying that no museum is being located in the building.
The letter states the museum will cover the history of the NSB from its founding in 1931. It will also focus on what happened to children and grandchildren of NSB members. It ends with a plea for people to search their attics for old diaries and NSB regalia. The Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (national socialist movement) was founded in 1931 by Anton Mussert and became distinctly anti-Semitic in 1936 under the influence of Meinoud Rost van Tonningen. The party sided with Germany in World War II and at its height, in 1943, had over 100,000 members. The party was outlawed when Germany surrendered in May 1945. Mussert was executed in 1946.
[I find it rather strange nobody makes this connection: the hoax is a protest against the discussion in the Netherlands in recent years about how we conduct the war remembrance day. Last year a big scandal broke out about a poem to be read at the official remembrance ceremony in Amsterdam, the poem was made by a boy who remembered his colaborating grantfather who died while serving in the SS during the war. Also in several places city councils wanted to include references to German WW2 soldiers buried in the Netherlands. Part of the museum letter reads: "Amongst historians 'the war' is no longer an unambiguous moral benchmark. They no longer think in terms of 'right'and 'wrong' , but do more research into motives, including of Dutch colaborators". Suzette Bronkhorst, ICARE News]
© The Dutch News
Dutch papers: Is cancelling jihadi passports counter productive?
24/10/2014- Questions are being asked in the Dutch press about whether cancelling the passports of Dutch jihadis to stop them travelling to join Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq is counter productive. The questions come in the wake of two incidents in Canada in which three people were killed by radical Muslims whose passports had been confiscated to stop them travelling abroad. The Canadian government considered them ‘high-risk travellers’. Justice minister Ivo Opstelten said at the end of September, the Netherlands has cancelled the passports of 49 dual nationals, 41 of whom were planning to head to Syria or Iraq and eight who are already there. But questions are now being asked about the wisdom of such a move. Volkskrant commentator Raoul de Pre asks if stopping potential jihadis going abroad might not lead them to take out their aggression on the Netherlands. PVV leader Geert Wilders, he points out, has already said government policy is ‘incredibly stupid’. ‘Now they’re walking around on the streets. People who want to wage jihad, chop off heads, carry out terrorist attacks are now walking around among us thanks to the minister’s decision,’ Wilders said several months ago.
Cancelling passports, tracking, stopping benefits and freezing financial assets are some of the measures taken by the Dutch state to discourage potential jihadis. The cabinet is also looking into removing Dutch citizenship from jihadis for ‘volunteering to fight abroad with a terrorist group’. The AD on Friday carried several quotes from Dutch jihadis currently in Aleppo, who also warn that cancelling people's passports could be counter-productive. ‘Stopping potential jihadis from leaving will make an attack more likely. I don’t think you want hundreds of angry jihadis in your backyard,’ one told the AD.
'Legitimate’ targets could include the military and politicians, they told the paper. ‘Politicians are the ones who decide to go to war, soldiers are mere pawns. (..) Give these noble Islamic freedom fighters back their passports and let them leave’, the AD quotes another as saying. Terrorism expert Beatrice de Graaf told Elsevier magazine the advanta-ges and disadvantages of confiscating passports are not clear but in spite of this she supports the measure. ‘If you let them go they will come back trained and even more determined to fight their cause,’ Elsevier quotes her as saying.
Meanwhile, Hilversum mayor Pieter Broertjes was forced to apologise after telling a radio programme passports shouldn’t be cancelled without good reason, by comparing Syria with post-WWII Israel. Broertjes was asked about a family from Hilversum which travelled to Syria to join the jihad with their four young children. ‘You have to make a very good case for taking away someone’s passport’, Broertjes said. ‘There have to be proper legal grounds. We can’t be sure if people are actually going there to fight.’ When asked if jihadis should simply be allowed to travel to Syria and fight Broertjes said: ‘These people are adults. The Dutch went to Israel after the war to fight the British and we didn’t stop them then.'
© The Dutch News
Netherlands: Six Questions With Geert Wilders
A defender of Western civilization speaks.
21/10/2014- Geert Wilders is the founder of the Dutch Party for Freedom, the fourth largest in that country’s parliament, and perhaps the Netherlands’ most controver-sial political figure. Wilders, whose 2008 film Fitna confrontationally opposed the encroachment of Islamic culture into Europe, has become an international figure while being prosecuted for “hate speech.” Calling himself a “right-wing liberal,” Wilders advocates curbing immigration into the Netherlands and other Western countries from Islamic nations, closing radical mosques, denaturalizing violent Muslims, and reducing the power of the European Union, among other things. In America this week for a one-week tour, Wilders chatted with The American Spectator about Islam, the civilizational conflict, and what must be done to keep the West free.
How big is the threat to the West from Islamic civilizational jihad? Is our focus on terrorism overlooking other, perhaps more insidious means?
Islam is a totalitarian ideology aiming for world domination. It wants to establish a worldwide caliphate, ruled by Sharia law — undemocratic, intolerant, barbarian, inhuman. Terror and violence are just one method which is used in order to achieve this aim. There are other methods, such as conquest by hijra (immigration). Muhammad himself gave this example of hijra when he conquered Medina. This town, which was originally a tolerant and partly Jewish oasis, became Islamic after Muhammad and his followers settled there and took it over. Western leaders focus solely on terrorism, but fail to see the purpose which terrorism is serving: Islamic word dominance. They should focus on fighting the global imperialist plans of Islam and treat terrorism as one of the means used to achieve this goal.
How would you characterize the Dutch experience in assimilating Muslims?
The Netherlands failed to assimilate Islam. So did the other European nations. Western Europe is in the grip of cultural relativism. It no longer believes in the superiority of its own Western Judeo-Christian and humanist values. These Western values have brought Europe peace, prosperity, liberty, and democracy. But, unfortunately, European political leaders no longer seem to understand this. The newcomers were not asked to assimilate. On the contrary, the Europeans told newcomers settling in their nations: you are free to violate our norms and values because your culture is just as good, and perhaps even better, than ours. Muslims were allowed to build enclaves on European soil, where Western values are despised and hated. The Islamization of Western Europe is a direct result of this. European nations did not assimilate Islam but rather encouraged it to continue to live according to its culture, which is intolerant, inferior, and totally incompatible with Europe’s culture and civilization.
How do you resuscitate traditional Western culture in the face of the encroachment we're seeing? Or is Europe inevitably lost?
The European nations need to rediscover and reassert their identity. If Europe fails to stand up for its own culture and identity, it, will, indeed, be lost to Islam. Time is running out. Islam is assertive and aggressive. Europe should be assertive in countering Islam. Europe needs to turn the tide of Islamization and start a de-Islamization process.
Here are five things which should be done:
1) Europe should close its borders to all immigration from Islamic countries.
2) It should stimulate voluntary re-emigration;
3) and it should expel all criminals with a dual nationality to the country of their other nationality.
4) It should demand that everyone with a passport from an Islamic country, who wishes to remain living in Western Europe, sign a declaration in which he or she distances himself or herself from Sharia law and the violent commands of the Koran.
5) People who join the jihad have to be expelled, even it they only have our nationality. They can go and live in the Islamic State and no longer belong here.
What message can you offer Americans about the threat posed by Islam and efforts to stifle freedom of speech critical of Islam?
Americans are more patriotic than Europeans. That is a good thing. Europe would be in a better shape if it were more patriotic. Americans should cherish their pride in being American. They should insist that everyone who settles in America accept its values, which are based on its Western Judeo-Christian heritage. America should close its borders to immigration from Islamic countries. There is more than enough Islam in America already. Freedom of speech is a very important American value. In many European countries, people criticizing Islam are prosecuted. Telling the truth about Islam is considered to be offensive, because Islam feels offended by it. But the truth can never be offensive and people should never refrain from speaking it. America should recognize that ISIS is an offspring of Islam. What ISIS does is what Islam commands. The Koran is full of commands such as sura 47 verse 4 “When ye meet the unbelievers, smite at their necks and cause a bloodbath among them.” When Obama, John Kerry, the British Prime Minister David Cameron, and others say that “ISIS has nothing to do with Islam” they are talking politically correct nonsense.
Is Dutch public sentiment actively opposed to the Islamist threat, or are your countrymen still largely unconcerned? Is this a situation where the political class is being unresponsive to the concerns of the citizenry as well as oblivious to a societal threat to your country?
I never use the word “Islamist”, because there is only one Islam: the Islam of the Koran and of Muhammad. Growing numbers of Dutch people are aware that Islam does not belong here because Islamic values are incompatible with our own. A poll last June showed that two thirds of the Dutch say that the Islamic culture does not belong in the Netherlands. The political class, however, does not voice the concerns of the people. This phenomenon can be seen elsewhere in Europe, too. It is the reason why the traditional political parties are rapidly losing the support of the people.
Are reforms to free speech controls needed in the Netherlands and other parts of Europe to avoid further prosecutions of Islam’s critics? Is such reform possible?
Islam is currently the greatest threat to the survival of our civilizations. People who warn against this threat, such as myself, are both threatened by Muslims who want to kill them for speaking the truth about Islam, and are at the same time prosecuted by the European authorities who want to silence them because they speak the truth about Islam. This is ridiculous. People should be allowed to speak the truth about the biggest danger that is currently threatening the survival of our Western civilization and the future prosperity and freedom of our children.
© The American Spectator
Malta: Moas rescues another 274 migrants
21/10/2014- Migrant Offshore Aid Station (Moas) yesterday rescued 274 people, including 200 Syrians, from a 15-metre wooden boat in distress. MY Phoenix , the 40-metre vessel being used by MOAS, was directed to the migrant boat by Rome’s Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre. The rescued migrants were 236 men, 21 women and 17 children. One of the women was nine months pregnant. The group also included 24 Pakistanis, 18 Moroccans, 12 Nigerians, six Eritreans, four Ghanians, three Malians, two Gambians, two Bangladeshis, one person from Ivory Coast, one from Mauritania and one from Tunisia. The migrants were transferred to an Italian navy ship for disembarkation in Italy. MOAS thanked the Italian authorities for assisting the rescue and taking the migrants to Italy. “MOAS has been extremely successful in saving lives at sea but we need more funding to conduct future missions. We are also dependent on the excellent cooperation we are finding from Rome’s Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre and Mare Nostrum, which will unfortunately soon come to an end. We must all work together to ensure that lives continue to be saved,” said founder Christopher Catrambone.
Before being transferred to the Italian boat, the migrants were sheltered on Phoenix for around six hours during which they were provided with medical assistance, food, water and blankets. The MOAS team treated the migrants for seasickness, asthma, an ankle fracture and other conditions. The temperatures of all the migrants were also taken. Since it began operating on August 25, MOAS rescued more than 2,500 migrants from distressed boats crossing the Mediterranean Sea. In the past five days, MOAS rescued 371 migrants. Phoenix is now on its way back to Malta for restocking before it continues on its third and final mission this year, ending on October 31. MOAS is a private NGO initiative to save lives in the Mediterranean Sea, one of the world’s deadliest border crossings. Its aim is to provide assistance at sea in co-ordination with the Rescue Coordination Centres in the region.
To monitor the progress of the vessel and keep up to date with the latest news, follow MOAS on twitter @moas_eu and use the hashtag #MOAS to enter discussions about migration. Donations can be made on www.moas.eu
© The Times of Malta
Revealed: Europe’s capital cities where it’s hardest to be a foreigner
21/10/2014- Athens, Rome and Malta’s Valletta are Europe’s least tolerant capital cities towards foreigners, a euronews study of official data reveals. Nearly half of those surveyed in Greece’s capital ‘strongly agree’ foreign citizens are a bad thing for the city, according to figures from Eurostat. The proportion of foreigners in central Athens is 17.4 percent, around one-in-six. In Rome, where foreigners make up just 8.5 percent of the population, 16 percent of those surveyed believe they are not positive for the city. In Valletta – where those without Maltese citizenship make up just 4.1 percent of the population – nearly one-in-seven think foreigners are a bad thing.
European Network Against Racism (ENAR) says xenophobia has been fuelled in Greece, Italy and Malta by the economic crisis and their position as the doors to Europe for asylum seekers. Michael Privot, director of ENAR, said: “These countries are known for their restrictive migration policies and negative media and political discourses about migration. “As an example, Maltese policies include measures of systematic detention of asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants, who are treated like criminals and as a result often perceived as such by the population. “They are also countries (in particular Greece) which have been hardest hit by the economic crisis and austerity measures, which has also fuelled xenophobia. In Greece for instance, issues relating to immigrants and refugees featured heavily in the campaigns of all the major political parties during the 2012 election.
“This allowed far-right groups to exploit the economic crisis to increase their popularity and recruit members in the poorer areas of the city, and led to an explosion of anti-migrant rhetoric and violent attacks against Asian and African migrants. This media and political discourse has largely contributed to a negative public perception of migrants, asylum seekers and ethnic and religious minorities, who are perceived as stealing job opportunities, working for less pay, benefiting from social services and perpetrating violent crimes.”
It comes after a damning report on Greece’s treatment of “irregular migrants”. The Council of Europe Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) said the condi-tions in which irregular migrants were held in Greek police stations were “totally unacceptable”. The report reads: “In one station, two or more women were held for months in a dark, mouldy and dilapidated basement cell of a mere 5m² with no access to outdoor exercise or hygiene products. The CPT calls upon the Greek authori-ties to take urgent steps to transfer detained irregular migrants to specially-designed centres and to no longer hold them in police stations.”
Mr Privot added: “Greece has also been condemned repeatedly by the European Court of Justice and European Court of Human Rights for systemic failures in abiding with its obligations under EU and international law as regards asylum seekers, refugee protection and respect of human rights. “Instead of scapegoating minorities and migrants, decision makers and politicians should send the message that migration and diversity contribute to European social, political, cultural and economic prosperity. There is a need for courageous political leadership, with leaders who understand the value of migration and are willing to speak out on this.”
Figures from Eurostat show Greece approved just four percent of initial asylum applications in 2013. Euronews’ expert on Greece said: “Citizens in Athens, and especially in the centre of Athens and areas like Omonoia, Agios Panteleimonas and Patisia, where most immigrants live, usually protest against foreigners because they believe – after being brainwashed by Golden Dawn – they are taking their jobs and that they are responsible for robberies and other crimes. “These areas used to be the most elite areas of Athens during the 60s, 70s and 80s but later Greeks left the centre for the suburbs. So the rents became cheaper than other areas and immigrants moved in. At the beginning of 90s they were mostly Albanians but after 2000 mostly Arabs and Africans.
“The same problem can also be seen in the city of Patra, a big Greek port, where most immigrants try to escape and go to Italy. Greeks in Patra say immigrants are responsible for most of the robberies that happen. “Even immigrants who are working in Greece have problems with their employers. The most “famous” incident was in Manolada where a Greek employer allegedly shot foreign strawberry pickers.
Montenegrin Serbs Allege Language Discrimination
Serb organisations in Montenegro urged the authorities to end what they said was discrimination against the Serbian language in the country.
20/10/2014- The Serb organisations adopted a joint declaration in Podgorica on Saturday which urged Montenegro, Serbia and Bosnia’s Serb-led entity, Republika Srpska, to act to protect the Serbian language and the Cyrillic alphabet which they said was under threat in the country. Momcilo Vuksanovic, the president of the Serbian National Council, a state-funded organisation which represents the rights of Serbs in Montenegro, said that he was fighting to preserve the Serbian language and its status in the country "with great difficulties". He alleged obstruction from the authorities and pro-Serbian opposition parties in Montenegro. After the country’s split from Serbia, the 2007 constitution stipulated that Montenegrin was the sole official language. In 2010, the government then ruled that Montenegrin grammar must be used in schools. This confirmed Serbian as a minority language, Vukasnovic said. "It is a great injustice. Changing the name of the language in schools, which was supported by the Serb representatives in the parliament, was also an injustice," he added.
An agreement in 2011 between the government and the pro-Serbian opposition parties envisaged changes to education law so that pupils in Montenegro’s schools would study “Montenegrin-Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian language and literature”. The 2011 census revealed that over 40 per cent of people in Montenegro say they speak Serbian, even though less than 30 per cent declared Serb to be their ethnicity. According to the census, around 36 per cent of citizens claimed Montenegrin as their native language. Vukasnovic said that although Serbs in Montenegro could not ever be a minority, he would be happy if they had the rights that the minority ethnic Albanian community enjoys - the right to education in their own language and in their own schools, with proportional representation in the state administration. "Our national interest is to fight for the right for our children to be able to learn the Serbian language and use the Cyrillic alphabet in schools," he said.
© Balkan Insight
Slovakia: Neo-Nazi fined EUR 400 for kicking victim in the head
20/10/2014- The Slovak news server ta3.com reports that the first sentence has been handed down in the scandal of the aggressive neo-Nazis who assaulted customers of the Mariatchi Bar in the Slovak town of Nitra last year. Professional soldier Tomáš Spišiak has been fined EUR 400, which he must pay the state for having kicked a defenseless, prone person twice in the head. Spišiak must also reimburse the victim's health insurance company EUR 12.60. If he does not pay the fine, he will go to prison for four months. Because the settlement was reached out of court, the decision has now taken effect. Spišiak confessed to committing the crime and concluded the agreement with the Public Prosecutor regarding his culpability and punishment. The District Court in Bratislava has now approved the arrangement. The other perpetrators involved face up to 12 years in prison.
How the assault took place
Last October a group of skinhead youth visited the Mariatchi bar in the town center. They provoked people and then said they wanted to buy cigarettes. When the bar refused the skinheads service, they began to shout and would not leave even after the owner asked them to. The other customers pushed them outside, but the right-wing extremists returned with reinforcements. Bar owner Radovan Richtárik exited the bar in order to stop the skinheads. "I wanted to tell them to drop it, but they wasted no time," he said. The skinheads immediately began to beat him and some of his customers up. When people fell to the ground, they brutally stomped on them, kicking some in the face and head without mercy. When the barmaid tried to chase away a neo-Nazi who was jumping up and down on a man lying limp on the sidewalk, another attacker slapped her. The attacks against the bar were not random, as the neo-Nazis are aware that Richtárik is an activist with the People against Racism initiative in Slovakia. The usual customers of his bar are students in particular. "People with dreadlocks come here too, which bothers [the neo-Nazis] also," Richtárik said.
The violent thugs usually gather in the private Walhala Club across the street from the bar and are part of the entourage around Slovak Fascist Marián Kotleba. He was voted Governor of the Banská Bystrica Region in the latest elections. Members of the Walhala Club have created a closed group for themselves on Facebook. Its profile photograph is a drawing of two skinheads shaking hands against a backdrop of the Slovak flag. One of the men in the drawing has an abbreviation for the international neo-Nazi network Combat 18 tatooed on his neck. The Walhala Club Facebook group has four administrators. Three of the Facebook administrators previously ran in the Parliamentary elections for Kotleba's LS-NS party. The page is also administered by Jakub Škrabák, the current boss of the Fascist association Slovak Solidarity (Sloven-ská pospolitost), which was previously led by Kotleba; the courts have already dissolved Slovak Solidarity as a political party. Škrabák is not from Nitra. He ran for Kotleba's LS-NS party in 2012 and 2012. Two of the Facebook administrators are from Nitra. Anton Baťovský and Dušan Sobolič were once activists with the National Resistance organization and Baťovský has the name of that organization tatooed on his back; both ran for Kotleba's party in 2010.
Last year's attack not the only one
Last year's attack was not the only conflict sparked by neo-Nazis in the bar. The right-wing extremists opened up the Walhala enterprise across the street from it, officially as a private card-playing club. They used to gather there on Saturday evenings, and Richtárik said there were times when he had problems with them every week. They broke windows, kicked in doors, and threatened the customers. The neo-Nazi attacks came to a head on New Year's Eve. "First, before midnight they had broken five windows," a customer recalls. "It was probably around 3 AM when they returned and kicked in the door. Rádo ran out after them with a camera. They saw him photographing them and started to beat him up, pushing him to the ground, kicking and stomping him. We wanted to help him, but one of the skinheads grabbed me and held me back. When I tried to get away he tore my coat," the customer said. The bar owner ended up in the hospital with a broken leg after the assault. On New Year's Day he was operated on.
Leading figures horrified
Juraj Malíček, a teacher at Nitra's University of Constantine the Philosopher, said he had experienced similar battles as a student. "The video footage was terrible, but it was not surprising. I have lived in Nitra since 1993 and I know the neo-Nazi community here has always been strong. When I was at college we always preferred to walk to the dormitory in the evening as a group rather than alone. In reality this is much more common than just that video," he said. Actress Eva Pavlíková and painter Karel Félix believe neo-Nazism is not just a problem of Nitra. "I don't believe that Nitra is exceptional, rather, this case has drawn attention to everything. Naturally I condemn this and the claims that this is not about extremism have upset me," Félix said. The head of Nitra's theater company, Ján Greššo, called the attack brutal, hateful and inhuman. "I am always appalled when I see anger that harms people not just physically, but also psychologically," he said. Former Slovak presidential candidate Pavol Hrušovský also lives in Nitra and has demanded harsh punishment for the perpetrators since the beginning. "Such brutal violence is deplorable. I am sorry it took the police so long to investigate given the video footage," he said.
Neo-Nazis in Nitra have long committed assaults
Neo-Nazis in Nitra have been attacking people for quite some time now. For example, in 2008 they assaulted a group of young people in front of the Old Theater and have established a branch of the militant neo-nazi National Resistance movement network there. In the past neo-Nazis have organized a "March against Drugs" in Nitra on the anniversary of the founding of the Fascist Slovak state. That entity collaborated with Nazi Germany during the war.
Greece: Youth vote for Golden Dawn for racist/supremacist reasons, study finds
Debunking myth that the swing to Golden Dawn is due to exclusively to the economic crisis, researchers at Athens Panteion University show that young voters agree with racist-supremicist position of the neonazi party.
20/10/2014- Young people who voted for Golden Dawn in 2012 did so out of ideological conviction and not for reasons stemming from the economic crisis, a new study from a leading Athens university shows. Conducted by researchers at the Panteion University, the study also found that the level of identification among Golden Dawn’s young voters with its aims was higher than for youth who backed other parties. These voters generally view Golden Dawn as a “nationalist party”, rejecting as “despicable” its description as “fascist” or “neonazi” even though they recognise that there are ideological affinities between it and fascism. For them, Golden Dawn is a “patriotic-nationalist” party, which “puts the Greeks above everything else”. The almost total identification with the party’s “nationalist” ideology, expressed through the pride these young voters feel as Greeks pride, stems from the belief that Greeks are superior to other people historically and culturally. “When we had civilisation, others were living in trees,” one male voter aged 24 told the researchers, repeating a phrase often found in Golden Dawn’s “theoretical” texts.
In the June 2012 elections, Golden Dawn was the second most popular party in the 18–34 age group. The research was carried out by sociology department at Panteion University within the framework of a European programme called MyPlace (Memory, Youth, Political Legacy and Civic Engagement), which was conducted in 14 European countries (UK, Germany, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Georgia, Finland, Denmark, Russia, Estonia, Slovakia, Croatia, Latvia, Hungary). The quantitative survey was conducted in 2013 and involved 1,200 questionnaires being sent to young people aged 16–25 in the Attica region, which includes Athens. The researchers also conducted 60 semi-structured interviews with young voters and facilitated 15 intergenerational group discussions. “As the data from the survey makes clear, the widespread argument that young people (and not only) turned to Golden Dawn due to the economic misery is very debatable,” says Panteion professor Alexandra Koronaiou, who coordinated the research in Greece. “The research brings to light a number of other parameters that show Golden Dawn’s impact on a part of the youth and it highlights the strong ideological identifica-tions of new voters with the ideology that the party represents.
“This ideological positioning stems from the stereotypical perception of the glorious history of ancient civilisation and the (supposed) unbroken historical continuity and superiority [of the Greeks] over the centuries,” Koronaiou said. “This ‘cultural’ racism is complemen-ted by ‘biological’ racism, when it comes to the issue of attitudes and perceptions towards foreigners,” she added. “For example, only a small minority of these young voters accept that second- and third-generation immigrants could be considered Greek citizens. “The majority insists on the cultural and biological superiority of the Greeks and the corresponding inferiority of other ethnicities. However, this pride is accompanied by feelings of national humiliation, resentment and self-pity when faced with the decline that the country is experiencing,” said Koronaiou. The report shows that these feelings are accompanied by contempt for and rejection of democracy, procedures and institutions, encompassing hatred and anger towards political figures in parliamentary system and a clear preference for authoritarian and totalitarian systems.
The study reveals interesting findings as to why these young people are not turning leftwing parties, which some consider to be anti-systemic. Some of these voters say they reject the left, and specifically Syriza, because of their stance on immigration. The vast majority, however, argues that the only true “antisystemic” party is Golden Dawn and they describe the other parties, especially those on the left, as “hypocritical”. This view is summed up best by this comment from one young female Golden Dawn voter: “Politicians are only interested in their own well-being, their wealth; they are responsible for what we spend because the only things that matters for them are votes and money.” Koronaiou believes that Golden Dawn has reaped the benefits of targeting the youth at various levels. “Golden Dawn’s systematic infiltration and propaganda in schools and other spaces frequented by young people in their leisure time (such as fitness studies, soccer, camping, musical bands) has paid off. The youth is a tremendous force, whose ‘conquest’ all fascist and Nazi movements and parties gave great importance.”
She quotes from Golden Dawn’s own website to show the importance the neonazi party places on younger generations. In November 2012, one article said: “A generational battle is certain in the next election, with the vast majority of new voters supporting Golden Dawn.” Another proclaimed: “We have taken the youth from you, once and for all.” “Golden Dawn’s ideological influence over the youth is a very serious phenomenon in terms of the country’s social cohesion in the future and it highlights the urgent need for policies to combat racism and fascism among young people,” according to Koronaiou. “Why? As François Mitterrand once said: ‘If young people are not always right, the society which ignores and knocks them is always wrong.’”
Golden Dawn’s young voters in their own words
“Maybe nationalists” - Harilaos, 22
“I don’t know if it’s a neonazi party. I know that some officials have such views, but I don’t think it’s a problem ... I don’t think you can label the party, as it’s not a
something uniform. Let’s say that some are neonazis, some are nationalists, some are nazis, and others are just rightwing. I would say it’s more a nationalist party even though this doesn’t describe it.”
“They’re uncivilised” - Marios, 25
“If the those guys, the Somalis, cut people’s heads off in their country for breakfast, it’s because they are uncivilised, because we are talking about immigrants who have no culture. Cameroon, Angola. What are they? The best of them would kill their own mother. You can’t talk to these people. You just can’t, because they’ll draw a sword and do you in. You have to draw yours first.”
“We’re going forward” - Nikandros, 21
“It is the only party that I hear talking about the word “Greeks”, the only party I hear talking about promoting Greece, the only party I hear talking about solving the problem of illegal immigrants ... Golden Dawn supports nationalism; nationalism in each country means moving your country forward, to make it the ruler of the whole world and let the rest poke their eyes out.”
“I’m a Greek, not a Golden Dawner” - Nikodimos, 25
“Why do not I believe that a Greek should vote? A Greek patriot doesn’t vote; he doesn’t have a party. And something that’s misunderstood in Greece: whoever says he is a Greek is a fascist. So if you wear a shirt with the Greek flag, you’ll be called a fascist or Golden Dawner. I don’t view myself as a Golden Dawner; I’m a Greek.”
“We’re degenerates” - Marios, 25
“Where the Greeks are superior, where we could be superior is culturally. We could be ‘the’ country and be the centre of the world. I really believe it. Why isn’t one of us Obama, the ruler of the world? You fucking start from here. We could be from the cradle; but we are not because we are modern Greeks. For me, modern Greek is the biggest insult you can say to someone. And I say it, we modern Greeks, fuck it. We’re degenerates.”
“It’s all from us” - Domna, 25
“Compared to other nations, we are far more superior. Because we gave birth to democracy, which of course has now been abolished by everyone, but what examples can I give ... let’s say astronomy, I don’t know, all science, it’s all from us, it’s all from is ... Everything started from here, they’ve even taken some ancient names and are using them. Everything is from us.”
“I’m racist” - Voula, 25
“Yes, I say it, I’m a racist. Let’s be clear. No bullshit or anything, I’m very sorry ... Yeah, I have been forced to become one because I can’t be ashamed and afraid to move around areas in the country where I was born and raised ... Or be afraid to get into a public transport, which previous generations have paid for, to be able to move around comfortably ... Why do we not put them on a ship and sink it somewhere in the Aegean sea?”
“It’s like if was elected” - Mario 25
“[Golden Dawn] is not a party. And it’s not party like those parties that have become degenerate nowadays. The difference is probably that it’s not made up of politicians. Now a politician has become a profession, I don’t know if you can study it somewhere, to grow up to become a politician and learn to lie. These people [Golden Dawn MPs], are from around the corner, who have been really up against it. They haven’t from America to pretend that they know Greece. They haven’t come from France. They are people from [the Athens districts of] Kypseli, Agios Panteleimonas who have really been up against it. People who before becoming MPs were probably one or two years unemployed, who had nothing to eat. That’s the difference; it’s like if you or I entered parliament.”
* Translated from an article by Giorgos Kiousis that appeared in the Sunday edition of Eleftherotypia on 19 October 2014
© Enet English
Ukraine's politicians face mob attacks
Over the past few weeks, Ukrainian political activists have carried out a series of sensational actions, seizing politicians and local officials and throwing them into big bins.
20/10/2014- The activists, many from far-right groups, accuse the politicians of various offences, and call their actions "trash bucket challenges" - echoing the "ice bucket challenges" that were recently an internet viral hit. They even have a hashtag: #trashbucketchallenge. The Ukrainian version, also accompanied by video footage, has been eyecatching - and often brutal. In one, Viktor Pylypyshyn, a politician trying to register as a candidate for the 26 October parliamentary elections, was tossed into a large waste bin, or dumpster, outside Kiev's Central Electoral Commission. He was a member of former President Viktor Yanukovych's Party of Regions.
The footage shows Mr Pylypyshyn sitting forlornly on a pile of garbage, covered in red paint, as activists continue to hurl rubbish and curse him. "Bitch, you think that the Maidan is over? It's just begun," one man shouts, off-camera, referring to the February "Euromaidan" revolution, which drove President Yanukovych from power and delivered a new pro-Western government in his place. The "binning" supporters say these actions are necessary because, eight months after the country's revolution, the government has done nothing significant to tackle corruption. Outrage has not ebbed over revelations of immense wealth and conspicuous consumption among former President Yanukovych's inner circle - including an opulent estate owned by Mr Yanukovych himself, and a massive collection of gold bars belonging to one of his ministers.
All this is unfolding against a backdrop of rising economic discontent. The fighting in the east has shut down much of the steel and mining industry, which is at the heart of Ukraine's economy. There are also fears of a frigid, gas-less winter, owing to a lengthy dispute over prices with Moscow. This year, the country's economy may shrink by 10%. A feeling of malaise is palpable: Kiev is dotted with empty shop fronts, and political protests are constant. The trashings have spread across the country. Many of these look like pre-election campaign stunts - video cameras and journalists always seem to be close by and in full supply. But they have definitely touched a nerve. The actual number of incidents is unknown, but it appears to be growing. "People are tired of waiting; people are disappointed," said Boryslav Bereza, a member of the ultra-nationalist Right Sector, which has carried out a number of the trashings. "And when the government is unable to take the law into its hands, then the street takes matters into its hands."
Mr Bereza and others also call the binnings "people's lustrations". A lustration was a sacrificial cleansing ceremony in ancient Rome, but has come to refer in Eastern Europe to a vetting process to filter out former communist officials. The country's own lustration law, now signed by the president, was passed on 16 September - the day of another trashing. Vitaliy Zhuravsky, a member of parliament and Yanukovych ally, was tossed into a waste bin as he was entering the legislature. His exact offence is still unclear. Not all the victims have been linked to the Yanukovych government, however. Police have opened investigations into a couple of the incidents, but so far no charges have been levelled. Oleh Lyashko, the head of the Radical party, which is polling in second place ahead of Sunday's parliamentary elections, violently threw an official in the waste bin when he could not find his intended target. He said the official was "lying" and therefore deserved his abuse.
Some observers say the attacks are less about grassroots justice, or sending a message to those in power, and more about mob rule - pointing out that the February revolution was presumably about introducing "European values" to Ukraine. They have condemned the incongruity of carrying out vigilante justice in order to strengthen the rule of law. "Europe is not some giant shopping-mall or a high-class resort, as some imagine," wrote Alyona Getmanchuk, the director of the Kiev-based Institute of World Policy. "Trash is no substitute for judgement. Fists are no substitute for judgement," she added. "The real Europe ends not where the EU ends. It ends where the law ends." The binning incidents also raise concerns over the lustration law.
Supporters say it helped sweep away the vestiges of communism and strengthen democracy in countries where it was introduced, like the Czech Republic. Still, human rights activists say Ukraine's version is too broad. According to the legislation's authors, more than one million people will be vetted. "If all these people are dismissed, who will replace them?" asked Yevhen Zakharov of the Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group. "The country's main problem is an insufficient number of modern educated people."
Mr Zakharov also said the law was passed under questionable circumstances, and that it did not provide for an independent body to oversee the process. "This is being perceived as a great victory for democracy, but in fact it's a great defeat," he wrote. Nevertheless, as the country's economy deteriorates and anger in the country grows, many Ukrainians are speaking of a "second Maidan" if things do not change soon. Already the political confrontations have taken an even more violent turn: Nestor Shufrych, another Yanukovych ally, was taken to hospital after a throng badly beat him as he tried to enter a building in the southern city of Odessa to hold a news conference. Boryslav Bereza of Right Sector has called the binnings a "soft form of lynching", though he warns the real thing could be not far off. "We have seen people thrown into bins and now they are being beaten up. It's frightening for me to think of what could come next."
Ukraine's lustration law - or law on the "cleansing of power"
A key demand of pro-EU demonstrators who ousted Viktor Yanukovych from power in February 2014, the law bans:
@ Those who served for at least one year when Viktor Yanukovych was in power (25 February 2010 - 22 February 2014)
@ Those who held office during protests against him (21 November 2013 - 22 February 2014)
@ Those who helped him "usurp power", undermined Ukraine's security, promoted separatism, ethnic discord or violated human rights
@ Police officers, prosecutors and judges involved in the prosecution of anti-Yanukovych demonstrators, or in the obstruction of such protests
@ Senior Soviet Communist Party functionaries, KGB agents and officials with more assets than their income would allow
Source: BBC Monitoring
© BBC News
Hungarians march to celebrate ‘Roma Pride’
Members of Jewish community join in solidarity rally for minority group known by some as ‘Gypsies’
19/10/2014- Hundreds of Hungarians took part in a “Roma Pride” march in Budapest Sunday to celebrate the country’s largest ethnic minority, a community scarred by widespread prejudice. Around 500 people walked through the city center chanting “Opre Roma!” (Up Roma!) and holding placards of famous figures of ethnic-Roma background like British actor Charlie Chaplin and Spanish footballer Jesus Navas. “This day is about everyone, Roma and non-Roma, showing pride in our community, and our positive contributions to Hungary,” main organizer Jeno Setet of the “We Belong Here” civil group said. The Roma, also known as Gypsies, make up about seven percent of Hungary’s population of 10 million and the minority group is one of the largest in central Europe, according to the Council of Europe. “It’s usually impossible to hear anything positive about us in the media however, or anywhere else,” Setet told AFP.
The European Union member state’s Roma trail in practically every indicator from living standards to health, as they do throughout eastern and central Europe. Wide-spread unemployment and poverty has also fueled mistrust against the Roma, and deputies of the far-right party Jobbik — the country’s second-biggest party — often make anti-Roma statements. “A majority of Hungarian society doesn’t want anything to do with the Roma,” Mihaly Simon of the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union rights group told AFP. Gusztav Loli, 58, said Hungarians either forget or don’t know about the sacrifices made by many Roma through history. “My father was jailed in 1956 after fighting for Hungarian freedom [during the failed anti-Soviet uprising],” Loli said.
Setet said he planned to give the Hungarian government a petition urging it to include lessons about the Roma Holocaust in the school curriculum. An estimated half a million European Roma perished in Nazi German death camps during World War II. Other groups taking part in the march included those representing gay rights, the Jewish community and homeless people.
Hungary: Your number is up, unless you’re a football fan
About 25,000 Roma live in the north Hungarian city Miskolc. Their largest closed settlement is the so-called “numbered streets”. About 1,000 live in the houses built as a workers’ settlement in the 1960s. Their future is unsure however. The city council wants to demolish the slums for the sake of urban development, including enlarging the neighbouring football stadium and replacing the Roma homes with parking.
19/10/2014- Miskolc Mayor Ákos Kriza, who was re-elected at the municipal election on Sunday, sees the plans as critical for urban development. “Both for reasons of public safety and health the existence of slums cannot be tolerated any more,” he told online magazine index.hu. Kriza, of Fidesz-KDNP, says the citizens are backing him up – with the help of Fidesz he has collected 35,000 signatures for the termination of slums. The numbered streets are special due to the renewal of the stadium, he told Hír TV: “We cannot expect more than 10,000 football fans to march through a slum each time they would like to get into the stadium. Of course we will provide the rightful inhabitants with other accommodation. We are working with social sensitivity and we decide separately on each family.” Kriza said numerous unauthorised people have been using the community apartments for years. “Since we are responsible for the economical operation of the community, we cannot allow people who have not been paying rent for years to live there or destroy the real estate, so that the children have to grow up among rats and cockroaches,” he said. His office did not respond to questions submitted by The Budapest Times.
Who are we talking about exactly? Sociologists Gábor Havas and Gabriella Lengyel asked around the inhabitants of 112 apartments in the numbered streets. The result: about 90% of the inhabitants were Roma and 85% were born in Miskolc. Fifty-eight apartments had unlimited rental contracts and 38 had fixed terms. This is not irrele-vant: the inhabitants say the city now no longer automatically extends the contracts once they have expired. Also, only those tenants with a valid current contract receive compensation. With these conditions, the majority are in danger of being put on the streets without any compensation. Attila Tamás, an independent Roma activist, draws a clear conclusion. “Miskolc is trying to clear out the Gypsies,” he said. “I would be happy if the segregation would end but the goal of the politicians in Miskolc is to send away the poor people instead of looking for a solution.”
Indeed, you can’t help getting this impression: the Fidesz majority on the city council voted on 8 May that the compensation offered to tenants of community apartments would be subject to strict conditions: only those tenants may receive up to HUF 2 million compensation who purchase real estate outside Miskolc and commit themselves not to sell it in the following five years. So the inhabitants have to answer the question: where to? Many of the families have been living in Miskolc for generations and do not want to leave. In addition they have financial difficulties. Most of them are working in the factories nearby – how could they make their living in the villages in the countryside? They want a fair solution and have already demonstrated for one. Some activists lived in tents in front of the city hall during the summer to call attention to the situation. “We are staying in Miskolc,” the slogan of the Magyarországi Cigány Párt (MCP, Hungarian Gypsy Party) said in the election on Sunday.
They put up their own candidate, Gábor Váradi, because many Roma feel that they are not represented by the large parties. He scored a dismal 414 votes, 0.7%. Fidesz tried to snatch votes from the radical-right party Jobbik by campaigning against Gypsies and Kriza polled 25,231 votes against Jobbik’s 12,225. Albert Pásztor, the com-mon candidate of the left parties, is mistrusted because of his former role as police director, and he polled 18,808 votes. “He is known for being hostile towards Gyp-sies for years,” Tamás, the activist, said. MCP’s aim above all is to draw attention to the situation of Roma in Miskolc but this is not easy. “Our financial situation only allowed hanging a few posters,” Váradi said. “Besides that our only opportunity is to go around and talk to people.” Their only chance is to stay united, he believes. So far no one had taken the compensation offered by the city council to leave their homes. “Miskolc is my home,” he added.
The neighbouring communities are not welcoming the Roma – they are afraid that Miskolc will push its poverty problems over to them. The town Felsőzsolca and five other communities announced: “We are not supporting the export of social problems and we will use every available lawful method in order to prevent it.” Opposition to Roma is already reality in Sátoraljaújhely at the Slovak border, although the town is 86 kilometres from Miskolc and it seems unlikely that many Roma would move there. Those people “who move to the territory of Sátoraljaújhely with the help of financial resources received from another community” will not be entitled to any social benefits in the first five years, according to a new rule issued by the authorities. They also cannot rent or buy apartments in public ownership and will be excluded from the public work program for three years.
A local notary doubts the legality of such regulations because communities in Hungary are obliged by law to pay out social benefits. However, Sátoraljaújhely passed the regulation nonetheless and says it is willing to fight legal action if it must. If the Roma from the numbered streets are unwelcome both in Miskolc and the surrounding area, might they move to Budapest? Attila Tamás thinks that before it comes to that, Miskolc must find a solution that is socially acceptable. “If Miskolc wants to termi-nate the slums, then the city needs to offer the people new apartments all around the city, with a similar value to the present ones. This way they could end the segre-gation as well.”
© The Budapest Times
Anti-Semitic Jobbik Party Gains Power; Hungarian Jews Frantic
Hungarian Jewish community alarmed after election results reveal Jobbik is second largest party in Hungary.
19/10/2014- The Jewish community of Hungary has expressed great concern in recent days, following the results of local elections, where far-right party Jobbik has become the second largest party in Hungary, after winning control of fourteen cities and towns. This represents a significant achievement for the party - which, in the previous local elections four years ago, received control of only 3 cities. Just two months ago, during Operation Protective Edge, Mihaly Zoltan Orosz, mayor of Erpatak in eastern Hungary, held an anti-Semitic ceremony in the city's main square. During the ceremony, effigies of Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and former president Shimon Peres were "hung" in a mock execution. One week later, police raided the home and offices of the anti-Semitic mayor and brought him in for questioning. Another Jobbik party member and parliament representative caused an uproar when he called on the government to make a registry of all of Hungary's Jews.
The Conference of European Rabbis sees these election results as further proof of the rise of anti-Semitism in Hungary. "We are concerned and we expressed our concerns to the heads of the European Union (EU) as well as to the leaders of European governments, who see eye to eye with us on the need for a war to eradicate rising anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic manifestations. We will continue our activities to increase and glorify Torah and Israel in Europe, because we all believe that Light rejects Darkness." In Hungary's last parliamentary elections, which took place in April, Jobbik already showed a marked increase in power. The party won 20.3% of the vote, with most of the support coming from poor areas in the east of the country. Jobbik's biggest achievement during last week's elections was recorded in the northeast city of Ozd, which holds 35 thousand inhabitants. The new mayor of Ozd, David Janiczak, 27, took a victory lap around the city, shaking the hands of cheering residents.
© Arutz Sheva
Hungary: Jobbik extends influence in municipalities
18/10/2014- Jobbik managed to hold on to the majority of its mayoral seats Sunday. Except in one county, it is the second-largest party in county general assemblies. Fourteen of its mayoral candidates won and in six municipalities independent candidates, enjoying the far-right party’s support, came in first. Researcher Political Capital offers this analysis. After the closing of the polls, party president Gábor Vona positioned Jobbik as the challenger of the governing party in 2018. Jobbik is still far from its target; it failed to capture the much-coveted mayoral seat in Miskolc and in Budapest it had to be content with coming in before green party LMP.
Gaining strength in cities
In light of a puny leftist opposition, Jobbik’s performance was one of the hottest issues of the municipal elections. Data on fielding candidates already indicated that the party had made an effort to consolidate its position in major urban areas, for in the past its presence was limited primarily to small towns and villages. In 2010 it managed to capture mayoral seats in only two small villages and one mid-sized town (Tiszavasvári), and later it took over in 12 municipalities in part when independent mayors joined Jobbik and in part by winning by-elections. This time, Jobbik’s mayoral candidates won in 14 municipalities, including in a number of mid-sized towns, such as Tapolca, Tiszavasvári, Ózd and Törökszentmiklós. In addition, in six municipalities independent candidates also supported by Jobbik came in first. As a result, a policy of strict law and order, discriminating welfare policies and school segregation may gain new momentum in a number of municipalities.
In a number of cities with county-rank, Jobbik mayoral candidates came in second and the party’s representatives will be present in larger numbers in the city assem-blies. However, Jobbik failed to win the top prize, the post of mayor, in Miskolc, where eventually its candidate, Péter Jakab, was soundly defeated by both the incumbent mayor from the governing party and the leftist candidate. Importantly, in most municipalities where Jobbik ran, it managed to hold on to its leading position, disproving the commonly held view that once in power the far right tends to lose appeal.
Second place in county assemblies
From its vantage point, Jobbik politicians are right to emphasise the party’s achievements in the assemblies of cities with county-rank and the victory of Békéscsaba’s independent candidate supported by the party. However, when it comes to county assemblies, it must be taken into account that residents of the 23 cities with county-rank are excluded from voting for the members of county assemblies. Thus 1.6 million citizens living in the largest cities outside Budapest do not have the option of expressing their party affiliation directly. Only people living in smaller settlements vote for county party lists, which offer Jobbik a disproportionate repre-sentation. In the 19 county assemblies Jobbik gained 81 mandates, 23 more than in 2010. The distribution of the new mandates is even among the counties. In other words the party’s second place in 17 county assemblies is rather misleading, and its resurgence in urban centres is a significantly more relevant development. The case of Békéscsaba should not be seen as an unequivocal victory for Jobbik either. While the far-right party supported the winning independent candidate, Péter Szarvas, he can thank the local Fidesz organisation, rent by infighting, for his victory.
Budapest is Jobbik’s Achilles heel
The capital continues to be the weakest point for Jobbik. Despite its efforts to show a more moderate face, Jobbik has failed to make any significant headway in Budapest. The poor result is also highlighted by the fact that despite Jobbik having a mayoral candidate in all 23 districts, they got only 40,590 votes. This is far less than Jobbik received in the April 2014 parliamentary election (111,129), and even worse than the European Parliament result in May, when Jobbik got only 51,995 votes on the party list. In Budapest, Jobbik’s mayoral candidates typically received 4-10%, although in some districts 10-12%. The over 40,000 fractional votes earned a single Jobbik seat in the Budapest assembly. With 42,093 votes (1700 fewer than four years ago), the party’s Budapest mayor candidate, Gábor Staudt, received 7.1% and finished third, far behind its two major rivals. The party’s only consolation is that it managed to finish ahead of LMP, which was in a stronger position in 2010.
© The Budapest Times
Germany: Now Berlin turns to tents to house refugees
Berlin has turned to huge tents and shipping containers to shelter growing numbers of refugees. With winter approaching, city politicians have called on the federal government for help.
23/10/2014- City chiefs approved accommodation for 200 refugees “in particular need of protection” in air-inflated tents on sports grounds on Wednesday. They will be housed in two tents on Lehrter Strasse in central Berlin. As well as tents, Berlin's Senate also wants to construct six "shipping container villages" before Christmas to shelter 2,400 people. As in Munich, authorities are struggling to deal with the number of refugees arriving in the capital. Authorities in Munich and in the central state of Hesse have already resorted to tents to house those seeking asylum. Another 12,000 refugees are expected by the end of the year in Berlin and the city's 47 existing shelters and overloaded bureaucracy are unable to cope. The single centre which conducts medical examinations for tuberculosis and other infectious diseases is becoming a bottleneck, as refugees aren't allowed into large shelters until they are cleared.
One worker there told Tagesspiegel newspaper that they have been cutting corners for two or three years to manage the numbers, with both the numbers and language barriers to treating refugees slowing things down. Barbara Schwemmer, from the Berlin branch of NGO Caritas, which has provided legal contacts, food and medical supplies to refugees in the capital, said poor bureaucracy was driving the city's response to the growing numbers. “Not every individual case has been treated adequately,” she told The Local. “The authorities only check where the refugees are from, what status they have, and who's responsible. “We'd rather they checked the humanitarian background, whether they're traumatized for example.” A lot of the time the priority is to find out which other EU countries or German states refugees have travelled through to reach Berlin so that they can be returned there, Schwemmer said. Under EU rules the country where asylum seekers first arrive is responsible for taking care of them, meaning many refugees who report to the authorities in Germany can be sent back to Italy.
Berlin and other German states have called on the federal government to do more to support housing and care for refugees, which until now has been paid for by states and local governments. Chancellor Angela Merkel's chief of staff Peter Altmaier met the leaders of state chancelleries in Berlin on Thursday to discuss the problem. A central requirement is faster processing of refugees' cases through the bureaucracy, Lower Saxony interior minister Boris Pistorius told Norddeutsche Rundfunk radio. “We have a jam of 140,000 unpro-cessed applications,” he said. Local governments especially say they need financial help and for federally-owned buildings to be converted for use as accommodation centres, as well as easing construction regulations to speed up those conversions.
© The Local - Germany
United against Salafism, right-wing scene surges in Germany
Violent hooligans, backed by right-wing extremists, have teamed up against a new enemy: Salafists. For months now, they have lashed out online - and now they're taking to the streets.
18/10/2014- It began on Facebook, where anti-Islam soccer fans have been venting their anger in online forums for months now. But lately, in German cities, like Essen, Nuremberg, Mannheim, Frankfurt and Dortmund, hostile and extremely violent hooligans, usually at odds with each other, have united against a new enemy: Salafists - a radical and militant branch of Islam. Their initiative, currently known as Ho.Ge.Sa. - "Hooligans gegen Salafisten" ("Hooligans against Salafists") - has seen its profile repeatedly blocked by Facebook, but it always reappears under another name. It's here that the group is stoking the flames against the hard-line Salafist movement. Next stop: a demonstration planned for October 26 in front of the Cologne Cathedral.
The current mood and the protests organized by Kurds across Europe are giving hooligans and right-wing sympathizers the chance to "apparently demonstrate against the Salafists, but really only to express their own Islamophobia," Olaf Sundermeyer, a journalist and author, told DW . "We are 'hooligans against Salafixxxx.' Together, we are strong," reads the group's Facebook page. They see themselves as "a movement that has brought together hooligans, ultras, soccer fans and ordinary citizens in a common fight against the worldwide 'Islamic State' terror campaign and the nationwide Salafist movement." In Facebook posts and on banners at their demonstrations, they call their group the "resistance" against "the true enemies of our shared homeland." The latest protest in Dortmund drew around 400 people. "On 26.10.2014 in Cologne, we will significantly increase this number of participants," a moderator recently announced on the site. "Peaceful, unmasked and without rioting."
'Salafists are the greater evil'
These slogans have actually served to bring together opposing hostile fan bases, who usually meet up before and after sports events to fight each other. Gunter A. Pilz, an expert on fan behavior from the Sport University in Hanover, calls this phenomenon "a temporary fighting alliance." However, he said that this coalition will only last as long as the common enemy: the Salafists. Sundermeyer, who points out that anti-Islam attitudes are widespread in the soccer fan scene, said there's a risk that extreme right-wing groups will be tolerated because the brutality of "Islamic State" militants in Syria and Iraq is proof to many that Salafists are the greater evil. In an interview with German public radio Deutschlandfunk, Sundermeyer said that "Hooligans against Salafists" is still a relatively small group, but stressed that it could attract more followers - even those with less radical viewpoints. Soccer, he said, is the ideal environment to radicallize and recruit young people to the extreme right-wing cause. Officially, though, the league has distanced itself from the right-wing extremist movement.
Mobilizing apolitical hooligans and soccer fans
But there's an obvious overlap with the neo-Nazi scene: Ho.Ge.Sa. is backed by Dominik Roeseler, a member of the right-wing Pro NRW party who sits on the Mönchengladbach city council. He plans to be at the demonstration in Cologne. Roeseler is considered to be quite extreme and is, like all right-wing party members, under observation by German security officials. And there are further connections: At the protest in Dortmund, many shirts, jackets and banners were adorned with neo-Nazi symbols. The next day, a post on the Facebook group backtracked, saying that "unfortunately, we have found out that many neo-Nazis came to this event. We want to once again make it clear that we are not political."
There doesn't even seem to be a consensus over Dominik Roeseler among the Ho.Ge.Sa. members. A few days ago, they announced that they had parted ways with him. But one thing is certain: the Cologne demonstration is being organized by right-wing political officials. Is Ho.Ge.Sa., therefore, an attempt by right-wing extre-mists to drum up new members from within the ranks of hooligans and extremist soccer fans? At the most recent count, the number of Ho.Ge.Sa. fans had risen to more than 16,000. "We continue to grow, the media can hound us all it wants. This time, you will not be able to stop us," wrote a follower on the site. Until recently, soccer associations, clubs and other fans had been able to keep the hooligans in check, said Sundermeyer. Now, however, faced with the threat posed by the Salafists, the cause of the right-wing extremists is seeing increasing support.
© The Deutsche Welle.
Video shows Spain police beating, expelling migrant
18/10/2014- A video of Spanish police beating an African migrant with a truncheon and carrying him apparently unconscious back across the border to Morocco caused outrage in Spain on Friday. The man was one of about 100 migrants who tried to climb from Moroccan soil over a six-metre (20-foot) fence into the Spanish territory of Melilla on Wednesday. The local humanitarian group Prodein which filmed the video identified the man as a 23-year-old Cameroonian named Danny. In the video, an officer of the Spanish Civil Guard police force is seen hitting the man with a truncheon as the migrant hung barefoot from the fence on the Spanish side. Danny is then seen dropping from the fence into the hands of a group of Spanish officers and lying on the ground. Spanish officers later carry him by the arms and legs as he lies limp, through a gate in the fence and back to the Moroccan side of the border.
Jose Palazon, the leader of Prodein who made the video, accused officers of "a high level of violence". He said the migrant "should have had medical assistance but did not get it". "The whole thing was absolutely illegal. It is a monument of contempt for the law, morality and ethics," Palazon told AFP on Friday. Rights groups accuse the Spanish police of illegal "on-the-spot deportations" of migrants who have stormed the border fence in groups of hundreds over recent months. A spokeswoman for the Spanish government delegation in Melilla, Irene Flores, said the migrant on Wednesday was not injured and had offered "passive resistance". Spain's government denies that migrants who climb the fence should be considered as having reached Spanish territory and says it has the right to return those intercepted while perched there. "The Civil Guard acted in scrupulous fulfilment of the law," Flores told AFP. "We do not consider these to be cases of deporting people on the spot, but of turning them away at the border."
On February 6 about 15 migrants drowned in Moroccan waters while trying to swim from a beach in Morocco to Ceuta, the other of Spain's two north African territories. Witnesses accused Spanish security forces of firing rubber bullets at the migrants in the water. The government admitted using rubber bullets but denied its forces had targeted the migrants directly. The conservative Popular Party government drew fire over Wednesday's video, with opposition parties accusing it of lacking clear protocol for border guards. "This is one more example of absolutely intolerable behaviour by members of the security forces and inhuman treatment of people," said the parliamentary spokesman for the United Left party, Joan Coscubiela.
Monkey chants in Moscow: Is Russia making any progress in its fight against racism? (Analysis)
As CSKA Moscow prepare to play Manchester City behind closed doors, Goal analyses what Russian football is doing to solve the problem of racism in their country
Analysis by Andrew Wychrij
21/10/2014- A year after CSKA Moscow supporters were found guilty of racially abusing Yaya Toure, Manchester City will return to the Russian capital on Tuesday for another Champions League fixture. This time, however, the English champions should expect no repeat of monkey chants directed at the Ivorian. The game will be played in front of empty stands at the Arena Khimki after CSKA received their third Uefa sanction in less than a year, following the latest racist behaviour of their fans. CSKA’s most recent punishment, after violent clashes and displays of racist banners by supporters in Rome last month, has once again left Russian football under a cloud. Monkey chants made by Spartak Moscow supporters against Hulk in September, and similar abuse from Torpedo Moscow fans towards Christopher Samba have also served to reinforce the impression that Russian authorities have neither the desire nor ability to address the issue of racism.
However, with the 2018 World Cup fast approaching, the impetus to act is starting to grow. The simple fact is that Russia’s authorities cannot hide from the problem anymore. The overwhelming weight of evidence, coupled with international pressure, means that denial, which has been the typical response to allegations of racism, is no longer a viable option. A Russian Spectator Law introduced in January 2014 prohibits political propaganda, namely the presence of neo-Nazi and extremist symbols, in stadia and is a positive step in acknowledging that legislation can help curb racist behaviour. However, implementation is sporadic, punishments are often soft and, moreover, tackling individuals alone will never be enough to solve such a pervasive issue.
“There’s been no real desire from the Russian football authorities to address the issue of racism until recently,” Pavel Klymenko, the Eastern Europe development officer for Football Against Racism Europe (FARE) told Goal. “That’s one of the reasons why it’s so much worse than in Western Europe. But the Russian Football Union (RFU) has now recognised the problem, though they haven’t understood it yet. “They treat racist behaviour and neo-Nazi propaganda in stadiums as isolated incidents, not as a problem in society. By prosecuting just one person, you’re not solving the problem. “Russian clubs also have a lot of influence within the RFU and can sometimes escape responsibility. Clubs are still in the initial stages of understanding the issue; they have no educational programmes and don’t work with their fans.”
Russian clubs have appeared unwilling to accept the seriousness of the situation, generally following the dismissive attitude often displayed by officials. Wealthy club owners can wield an unhealthy amount of influence in official circles, challenging the impartiality of the RFU’s disciplinary process. The prevalence of neo-Nazi ideolo-gy in ultra groups means there is a risk of fuelling a poisonous atmosphere from within. However, the prevailing sense is that sanctions like those against CSKA are beginning to bite, both financially and reputationally, and clubs are realising that there is value in educating and helping change the attitudes of supporters. Simultane-ously, the example of CSKA Fans Against Racism, an anti-racism fans’ campaign that has attracted widespread social media attention, demonstrates that not all Russian supporters are content with the status quo.
“We don't want to be afraid to send our kids to the stadium, even if they choose to be part of the ultras,” CSKA Fans Against Racism told Goal. “Our main ‘fight’ is for the young generation of CSKA fans. If we create an alternative role model for them, that would be the greatest long-term achievement of our campaign. We want our stadium to be clean of political, racist or any other prejudices. “We want to show the international football family that those CSKA fans that are described as racist hooligans are in the absolute minority.” Initiatives like the one above mark definite progress but understating the size of the challenge is dangerous. For instance, FARE’s soon-to-be-published Russian monitoring report, prepared alongside the SOVA Center (a nonprofit organization that conducts research and informational work on nationalism and racism) in Moscow, describes numerous instances of racist and far-right displays and violence at Russian games over the past two years. Russia has work to do in order to mend its international image and meet the deep-rooted issues within its own society head on.
“The main issue is whether the Russian football authorities will be strong enough, determined enough and clever enough to understand the problem properly and address it correctly,” Klymenko added. “Of course, the problem is massive. It’s not just football, it correlates with xenophobic attitudes in Russian society and organised fan groups in Russia are often connected to the neo-Nazi underground. “We all understand that racism doesn’t come from football. It’s a problem of society. Football cannot solve all of society’s problems but it can definitely contribute to the solution.” While you cannot defend the indefensible, it will take time to see the changes in Russia that we have witnessed, for example, in England over the last 30-40 years. The Soviet Union was not a diverse society in terms of race and less than 25 years after its dissolution some significant issues remain in this respect.
It must be made clear, though, that this can never be a justification for any of the disgraceful scenes in Russian stadia over recent years. Racism needs to be tackled forcefully and severe sanctions for offenders must be part of the solution, but so must education. Football can be a transformative force in Russia, a vehicle for social change, but that will not be instantaneous. Russia is far from the only country where discrimination exists but it clearly needs to improve. Any hints of progress are encouraging, but not enough; there is an extremely long way to go.
Russian social network hosts Miss Hitler 2014 contest
Competition being hosted on the Adolf Hitler group page of the popular VKontakte Russian language web-site.
18/10/2014- An anti-Semitic beauty contest is currently underway on the Russian social networking website VKontakte, the local equivalent of Facebook. Called Miss Ostland 2014 (Ostland was the name Nazi Germany gave to the occupied Baltic states and eastern Poland), the contest is hosted on the site's Adolf Hitler group page, which has more than 7,000 followers, according to the vocative website. Women interested in participating in the competition are asked to send in sexy photographs of themselves, as well as to write about their love for Hitler. The candidate who receives the most likes will be declared the winner.
Leading the competition right now is Katya Shkredova from Belarus, who “adores Adolf” for his philosophy on the “ideal society,” according to the report. The thing she loves most about him is his will to “experiment on people.” Shkredova’s picture has 37 likes so far. Just behind her is Irina Nagrebetskaya from Ukraine, who wrote “Don’t forget! Adolf is his name, he’s our eternal race, he has been given eternal life.” Similar sentiments were expressed by Ekaterina Matveeva of St. Petersburg, who believes that “Adolf Hitler’s position is genius and true, that races are different not only in appearance, but also in intelligence.”
First prize in the competition is a piece of jewelry from a company called “Magic Workshop,” featuring one of the Nordic runes that were so beloved of Heinrich Himmler and the SS. Second prize is a pendant combining the classic German Iron Cross and Third Reich heraldry. The creators of the Miss Hitler pageant are not the only ones allowed to express their intense anti-Semitism on VKontakte. There are several other pro-Hitler communities with thousands of followers on the Russian social media site, vocative reports.
Russian football still in denial over racism
Manchester City return to Moscow a year after Yaya Touré was abused by CSKA fans and the problem is still not solved
18/10/2014- When Manchester City travel to Moscow to face CSKA in the Champions League on Tuesday there will inevitably be memories of the same fixture last year, when Yaya Touré was racially abused from the stands. The incident highlighted the problem of racism in Russia, which is to host the World Cup less than four years from now, and Touré even suggested that, if such incidents were to continue, African players should simply not attend the 2018 tournament. It is a fairly safe bet that Tuesday’s match will not see a repeat of the racist abuse. This, however, is not because the club’s fans have cleaned up their act so much in the past 12 months but because the game is being played behind closed doors, after CSKA were handed a Uefa punishment for violent clashes between their fans and police at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome last month. There were also accusations that the fans had unfurled racist banners and the Uefa punishment is the third time the club has been sanctioned in the past year.
Last season Touré said he had heard racist chants from the stands and, although CSKA vehemently denied any such thing had happened, Uefa confirmed the reports and penalised the club with a partial stadium closure. The blanket denials from CSKA did not help calm matters. Sergei Aksyonov, the club’s spokesman, still maintains the incident was blown out of proportion while also claiming that he heard racist chants from City fans at the return fixture three weeks later. “We are absolutely certain that there was nothing there,” Aksyonov says. “Maybe one or two people were shouting things but it was nothing big. And why do they pick on us? During the return match in Manchester we heard similar things against one of our black players, we told the officials and they refused to do anything about it.”
The club have appealed against Uefa’s punishment after the Rome violence and Aksyonov said it was the responsibility of the Italians to ensure adequate policing, adding that one of the Russian fans had been attacked by Italians with a knife before the match. He also denied that the banners unfurled were racist: “We think there should be a presumption of innocence, and instead we often find there is a presumption of guilt.” Stanislav, 26 and a CSKA fan who attends most home games, says there is a problem among “a small minority” of fans but he believes that the punishments are far too harsh. “Yes, there is a problem but there is no need to draw so much attention to it,” he says. “You don’t want to believe it but, if I’m honest, it looks like it’s all a political response given the current anti-Russian feeling in the world. It’s not a big enough issue to justify these punishments.”
For the rest of the world, though, as the countdown to Russia’s World Cup begins in earnest, the issue of racism is a vitally important one. “There are huge challenges with Russia,” Fifa’s vice-president Jeffrey Webb said earlier this month, highlighting that more needs to be done at the top level in Russia to address the issue. “It must start with education and really it must come from the top down that diversity is good, that integration is good and there’s nothing to fear,” said Webb. But for a long time it has seemed as though Russian officials are part of the problem rather than the solution. The issue of racism in the stands was taken as nothing more than banter or simply denied altogether. When Lokomotiv Moscow fans unfurled a banner with a banana on it, and the words “Thanks West Brom”, after the English side bought their Nigerian winger Peter Odemwingie in 2010, the head of Russia’s World Cup bid committee denied it was racist. Instead he claimed dubiously, “to get a banana” is a slang term meaning to fail a test.
Even when bananas started raining down from the stands at black players, there was denial among officials. The Brazilian Roberto Carlos, who had bananas thrown at him on more than one occasion when playing for Anzhi Makhachkala, said he was so upset by the incidents they made him consider retiring. The response from officials was hardly reassuring. “It’s true that they give out bananas to the players and to the match delegates and to the referees,” said Alexander Meitin, the official responsi-ble for fan behaviour, two years ago. “Bananas are a nutritious fruit and a yellow fruit, which always makes you happy.” Now, it seems, perhaps with the help of international threats, Russian officials are somewhat more on message. Nobody from the Russian Football Union was available to speak to The Observer but Meitin’s recent public statements have struck a somewhat different tone, though it still sounds as though fear of international punishment rather than a belief that racism is actually wrong is what is driving the agenda: “These incidents will bring serious punishments for clubs, because Fifa and Uefa are following all these incidents, and there is even more attention on Russia ahead of the World Cup. Everyone is looking at us and it does not show our clubs in a good light.”
The incidents continue. Just this month Zenit St Petersburg’s Brazilian striker Hulk reported abuse from away fans when Spartak Moscow came to St Petersburg. “During the game racist abuse was directed toward me from the Spartak section of the ground,” Hulk told Russia’s Sport Express newspaper. “In the first half I clearly heard monkey chants shouted in my direction and this was not only on one occasion. It was coming from a large group of people … I take this as a personal insult for me and my club.” The Russian football union confirmed Hulk’s accusations and banned Spartak fans from attending their next away match. Given the game was against Ural Yekaterinburg, a 24-hour train journey from Moscow, it is unlikely that many fans missed out.
In the past Zenit fans have been some of the worst offenders, with the club’s largest fan group even issuing a manifesto demanding that the club sign no black players. “Nationalism has been a part of football fan culture since it took on its current form in the late 1960s in Britain,” says Vladimir Frolov, author of a book on Russian fan culture. “In Russia sometimes it crosses the line and becomes racism but most of the time it doesn’t. Overall the situation in Russia isn’t all that different from other European countries.” Indeed, at a Serie A match between Milan and Juventus at San Siro last month, a large group of away fans made repeated and coordinated monkey noises every time one of Milan’s black players committed a foul. The chants, which were clearly audible in the away end, were completely ignored by stewards, suggesting they are a regular occurrence.
As with Russia the problem is not just in the stands: the Italian FA president, Carlo Tavecchio, was banned for six months by Uefa earlier this month for making a banana reference when talking about foreign players. Many Russians feel aggrieved that the problem receives so much attention in Russia but not in Italy or Spain. “I don’t really see it as such a big problem as the Western media is trying to show it,” says Artur Petrosyan, editor in chief of Russia’s Sport Express website. He says the majority of fans are not racist and that racist incidents happen much more rarely than before. But he concedes that part of the problem lies in the way that the issue is dealt with. “There are hooligans and racists in every country; the difference is how you handle them,” he says. “Russia still has visible difficulties in doing so. That’s why rare incidents with monkey taunts or similar things still happen.”
When it comes to many issues of race, gender or sexuality, Russia can often resemble the Britain of two or three decades ago, and the problem of racism on the foot-ball terraces can hardly be seen in isolation from the rest of society. Casual racism is rife in Russia, even sometimes within government. A youth group with tacit Kremlin support beamed laser images of Barack Obama eating a banana on to the wall of the US embassy in Moscow earlier this year, on the US president’s birthday. Last year Irina Rodnina, a former champion Olympic figure skater and now an MP with Vladimir Putin’s United Russia party, tweeted a doctored photograph of Obama last September. The image, which showed him chewing while in the foreground a banana was waved at him, caused uproar internationally.
When the US ambassador accused her of “outrageous behaviour”, the MP simply said it was her right to tweet it as it constituted “freedom of speech”. She was later selected to be one of the flag bearers at the opening of the Winter Olympics in Sochi. One of Russia’s top television hosts said the international reaction to the photo-graph was ridiculous and was the sort of wrong-headed political correctness that would lead to people having to order “an African-American coffee, not a black coffee”. With such attitudes in government, it is hardly surprising that some football fans still find it hard to see the problem with racist abuse, seeing it as part and parcel of stadium banter. “It’s natural that you try to unsettle opposing players in any way you can,” says Artyom, 29 and a CSKA fan. “Monkey noises are just a way of putting black players off their game. I never do it but I don’t see how it’s any different from any other kind of abuse.”
© The Guardian
Bishops scrap landmark 'welcome to gays'
Catholic bishops scrapped their landmark welcome to gays Saturday, showing deep divisions at the end of a two-week meeting sought by Pope Francis to chart a more merciful approach to ministering to Catholic families.
18/10/2014- The bishops approved a final report covering a host of issues related to Catholic family life, acknowledging there were "positive elements" in civil hetero-sexual unions outside the church and even in cases when men and women were living together outside marriage. They also said the church must respect Catholics in their moral evaluation of "methods used to regulate births," a seemingly significant deviation from church teaching barring any form of artificial contraception. But the bishops failed to reach consensus on a watered-down section on ministering to homosexuals. The new section had stripped away the welcoming tone of acceptance contained in a draft document earlier in the week. Rather than considering gays as individuals who had gifts to offer the church, the revised paragraph referred to homosexuality as one of the problems Catholic families face. It said "people with homosexual tendencies must be welcomed with respect and sensitivity," but repeated church teaching that marriage is only between a man and a woman. The revised paragraph failed to reach the two-thirds majority needed to pass.
Two other paragraphs concerning the other hot-button issue at the synod of bishops - whether divorced and civilly remarried Catholics can receive Communion - also failed to pass. The Vatican spokesman, the Rev. Federico Lombardi, said the failure of the paragraphs to pass meant that they have to be discussed further to arrive at a consensus at a meeting of bishops next October. It could be that the 118-62 vote on the gay paragraph was a protest vote of sorts by progressive bishops who refused to back the watered-down wording and wanted to keep the issue alive. The original draft had said gays had gifts to offer the church and that their partnerships, while morally problematic, provided gay couples with "precious" support. New Ways Ministry, a Catholic gay rights group, said it was "very disappointing" that the final report had backtracked from the welcoming words contained in the draft. Nevertheless, it said the synod's process "and openness to discussion provides hope for further development down the road, particularly at next year's synod, where the makeup of the participants will be larger and more diverse, including many more pastorally-oriented bishops."
A coalition of small pro-life groups, Voice of the Family, said the outcome of the meeting had only contributed to "deepening the confusion that has already damaged families since the sexual revolution of the 1960s." The gay section of the draft report had been written by a Francis appointee, Monsignor Bruno Forte, a theologian known for pushing the pastoral envelope on ministering to people in "irregular" unions. The draft was supposed to have been a synopsis of the bishops' interventions, but many conservatives complained that it reflected a minority and overly progressive view. Francis insisted in the name of transparency that the full document - including the three paragraphs that failed to pass - be published along with the voting tally. The document will serve as the basis for future debate leading up to the October 2015 meeting of bishops which will produce a final report for Francis to help him write a teaching document of his own. "Personally I would have been very worried and saddened if there hadn't been these ... animated discussions ... or if everyone had been in agreement or silent in a false and acquiescent peace," Francis told the synod hall after the vote.
Conservatives had harshly criticized the draft and proposed extensive revisions to restate church doctrine, which holds that gay sex is "intrinsically disordered," but that gays themselves are to be respected, and that marriage is only between a man and a woman. In all, 460 amendments were submitted. "We could see that there were different viewpoints," said Cardinal Oswald Gracis of India, when asked about the most contentious sections of the report on homosexuals and divorced and remarried Catholics. German Cardinal Walter Kasper, the leader of the progressive camp, said he was "realistic" about the outcome. In an unexpected gesture after the voting, Francis approached a group of journalists waiting outside the synod hall to thank them for their work covering the meeting. Francis has rarely if ever approach-ed a scrum of journalists, except during his airborne press conferences. "Thanks to you and your colleagues for the work you have done," he said. "Grazie tante (Thanks a lot)." Conservative bishops had harshly criticized journalists for reporting on the dramatic shift in tone in the draft document, even though the media reports merely reflected the document's content.
Francis also addressed the bishops, criticizing their temptation to be overly wed to doctrine and "hostile rigidity," and on the flip side a temptation to "destructive do-goodness." His speech received a four-minute standing ovation, participants said. Over the past week, the bishops split themselves up into working groups to draft amendments to the text. They were nearly unanimous in insisting that church doctrine on family life be more fully asserted and that faithful Catholic families should be held up as models and encouraged rather than focus on family problems and "irregular" unions. Cardinal Wilfrid Fox Napier of South Africa, who helped draft the revised final report, told Vatican Radio the final document showed a "common vision" that was lacking in the draft. He said the key areas for concern were "presenting homo-sexual unions as if they were a very positive thing" and the suggestion that divorced and remarried Catholics should be able to receive Communion without an annul-ment. He complained that the draft was presented as the opinion of the whole synod, when it was "one or two people." "And that made people very angry," he said.
© The Malta Independent
Danish immigrant party challenges populist right
The National Party is fronted by three brothers of Pakistani heritage who want to challenge the right-wing's seeming lock on "Danish values".
18/10/2014- A political party targeting the immigrant vote by advocating looser immigration laws and "a ban on banning" religious symbols has launched in Denmark amid record support for the populist right. "The prevailing discourse has taken a marked shift to the right. We stand here more than 40 years after our parents arrived, still discussing whether this is where we belong," National Party (Nationalpartiet) leader Kashif Ahmad said at a press conference on Thursday. With a logo sporting the Danish flag, the party claims "Danish values such as respect, tolerance and peaceful coexistence" had come "under attack" as more politicians adopt the rhetoric of the hugely successful rightwing Danish People's Party (DF). "We are Danish. I feel in Danish, I think in Danish and I dream in Danish," said Ahmad, who is of Pakistani heritage and co-founded the organisation with his two brothers.
DF was one of the first anti-immigrant parties in Europe to enter the political mainstream as conservative governments in Denmark between 2001 and 2011 relied on its support in parliament in return for ever tighter rules on immigration. A shaky economic recovery helped it become the country's biggest party in this year's European election, gaining more than one in four votes. "Every election since 2001 has been with foreigners as a central theme," said Ahmad. "Through the years, many of the parties have gone in the same direction and with time it has become difficult to distinguish political statements from the right... and the left," he added.
Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt's Social Democratic party campaigned on a platform that included more humane immigration policies, but since taking power in 2011 her government has done little to roll back the restrictive rules imposed by DF. Last month she said her government would introduce a new, temporary type of residence permit and delay family reunifications for asylum seekers fleeing civil wars such as the Syrian conflict after a steep rise in the number of applications. Leftist politicians also appear to have been influenced by the rhetoric of their opponents. A leading Social Democratic politician was this week quoted as saying that asylum seekers were "unwanted guests" in Denmark. A lawmaker for the main opposition party, Venstre, in June suggested that immigrants be treated differently depending on whether they were "Christian Americans, or Swedes, or Muslim Somalis".
The National Party denied that its main constituency would be Danes of foreign descent, but in more than a nod to Denmark's immigrant communities, it has made abolishing the contentious "24-year rule" one of its six key issues. The rule prohibits foreign spouses from living in Denmark with their Danish partner util they have reached the age of 24. It was meant to reduce the number of forced marriages, but critics say it violates international norms. Other planks include scrapping the so-called "connection requirement", which means family reunifications can only be granted if the family's "combined connection to Denmark is greater than their combined connection to another country". The National Party also wants to ensure there are no restrictions on wearing religious symbols, such as the Muslim veil, in public, and says it wants to "look closer" at how the Palestine conflict could be resolved. Neighbouring Sweden recently declared its intention to recognise a Palestinian state.
Ahmad said Denmark's modest birth rates meant a fall in the number of foreigners coming to the country could jeopardise its high living standards. "Economic analysis shows that we will lack 250,000 [people in the workforce, ed.] if we want to maintain the same level of welfare as the Swedes have in 2030," he said. To stand for the Danish parliament a political party has to collect about 20,000 signatures from the public, a target even well-known politicians have struggled to reach. The National Party claimed to already have 7,000. Still, experts were doubtful the party would gain any seats in the next election, which has to be held by September next year. Peter Nannestad, a political science professor at Aarhus University, said there were already parties that supported most of its policies, they just weren't among the more powerful players in parliament. "The only possibility I see for the National Party is that they mobilise the many immigrants who so far haven't been voting," he told daily Berlingske. "But even if they do, I doubt it's enough," he added.
© The Local - Denmark
Headlines 17 October, 2014
Web retailers accused of selling Nazi-related paraphernalia
B’nai B’rith says Etsy, Ebay, Amazon, Sears and Yahoo! guilty of allowing users to sell offensive items
17/10/2014- International Jewish organization B’nai B’rith demanded several online retail outlets Wednesday to enforce policies against users selling “hateful parapher-nalia,” The Times of Israel reported Thursday. According to B’nai B’rith web retailer Etsy had “456 swastika-themed items...available for sale, as were 479 Hitler-themed items, 13 Ku Klux Klan-themed items, and one racist, Jewish caricature candlestick listed specifically under the topic ‘anti-Semitic.’” B’nai B’rith said Ebay, Amazon, Sears Marketplace and Yahoo!, were also guilty of allowing users to sell offensive items on their sites. Sears then removed a swastika ring from the roster of items offered for sale, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency reported. The item description quoted in the report read "this Gothic jewelry item in particular features a Swastika ring that’s made of .925 Thai silver.” It then featured the following curious disclaimer: “Not for Neo Nazi or any Nazi implication. These jewelry items are going to make you look beautiful at your next dinner date.”
According to JTA, the item also was for sale on Amazon.com, though it is listed currently as unavailable. Sears issued an apology in a statement and on Twitter:
“Like many who have connected with our company, we are outraged that more than one of our independent third-party sellers posted offensive items on Sears Market-place,” the company said in a statement. “We sincerely apologize that these items were posted to our site and want you to know that the ring was not posted by Sears, but by independent third-party vendors.”
© i24 News
Swedish far-right leader takes sick leave
17/10/2014- The leader of a far-right party that made strong gains in Sweden's election last month is going on sick leave, saying he's burned-out from battling the country's political and media establishment. Jimmie Akesson's announcement was unexpected even though the 35-year-old had looked tired following the Sept. 14 election in which his anti-immigration Sweden Democrats more than doubled their support to 13 percent, becoming the third-biggest party in Parliament. The surge of the Sweden Democrats, a party with right-wing extremist roots, has unnerved many Swedes and tarnished the country's reputation as a bastion of tolerance. The party is alone in Swedish politics in criticizing the country's liberal immigration laws.
Despite Akesson's efforts to soften the party's image and expel openly racist members, other parties, from left to right, have refused to work with the Sweden Democrats in Parliament. Wherever they campaigned, Akesson and his colleagues were met by protesters booing, turning their backs or yelling anti-racist slogans. Last year a left-wing activist smashed a pie in Akesson's face. Meanwhile, Swedish media have closely scrutinized the party, exposing members with racist views or neo-Nazi sympathies. In a statement published on the party's website, Akesson said his workload and frequent travels had sapped his energy. But he also said he felt drained by the mental and physical stress of constantly being a target of criticism and abuse.
"Our opponents' persistent attempts to stop our successes, the media's often sickening campaign journalism and the immoderate hatred of extremists are some examples," he said. Other political leaders expressed sympathy for Akesson, while some celebrities and commentators quipped on social media that being a "racist" was emotionally draining. It wasn't immediately clear how long Akesson would remain on sick leave. The Sweden Democrats said Mattias Karlsson, a senior party official, would stand in for him.
© The Associated Press
Belgian government under fire in its first week
In his first week as prime minister of Belgium, Charles Michel has had to condemn collaboration with the Nazis in World War II following controversy over two of his cabinet members.
16/10/2014- Jan Jambon, minister of security and home affairs for the pro-devolution Flemish party N-VA, was heavily criticised for a recent interview in which he was asked about his presence at a meeting of former collaborators in 2001. Although Jambon first said that he never defended collaboration with Nazi Germany and called it “a mistake”, he then went on to say: “The people who collaborated with the Germans had their reasons. I did not live in that period.” Another N-VA member of Michel's new cabinet, Theo Francken, also came under fire. Francken is deputy minister responsible for asylum and migration. In a social media message in 2011, he questioned “the economic added value” of “Moroccan, Congolese and Algerian” immigrants. Francken was also present at a controversial birthday party on Saturday (11 October). Together with fellow N-VA politician, a minister in the Flemish government, he visited the 90th birthday of Bob Maes, who founded the Order of Flemish Militants in 1949, which in the 1980s became a paramilitary group targeting immigrants.
Maes had also been a member of the Flemish National Union, a political party that collaborated with the Nazis after they invaded Belgium in 1940. The largest opposi-tion party, the French socialist party, is demanding that Michel ask Francken and Jambon to step down. “These persons are not worthy of carrying the large responsi-bility you have given them”, said French socialist member of parliament Laurette Onkelinx. She said “the sound of boots” is present in the government, a reference to [neo-] Nazism. Onkelinx also criticised an old e-mail from Francken in which he made a “homophobic” remark, which Francken had said was a joke. MEPs have also entered the fray.
Gianni Pittella, head of the centre-left S&D group, said the fact that Francken and Jambon, "who openly frequent former Nazi collaborators and their associates", have government positions is “worrying”. Michel defended his centre-right government, which consists of his French liberal party and three Flemish parties, including the N-VA. “My two grandfathers both lived through the Second World War. One of them emerged ill from the camps and died shortly afterwards”, Michel said during a debate in parliament on Wednesday (15 October). “I can tell you without ambiguity that I and the whole government with me condemn the collaboration.” During the debate, which lasted 21 hours until 7am local time on Thursday, opposition parties also fiercely criticized government plans for spending cuts.
© The EUobserver
Eurosceptic MEP group collapses
A Eurosceptic group in the European Parliament (EP) that includes Britain's UKIP and Italy's Five Star Movement has collapsed after an MEP withdrew.
16/10/2014- The development means a loss of funds and less influence for the parties in the Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (EFDD) group. The EFDD accused EP President Martin Schulz of engineering Latvian MEP Iveta Grigule's exit from the group. Speaking to BBC News, Mr Schulz's office denied any wrongdoing. The office said that after meeting Mr Schulz on Wednesday, Ms Grigule had brought her letter of resignation from the group to his office on Thursday morning. Consequently, leaders of the European Parliament decided that the EFDD had to be dissolved, the office told the BBC. To qualify as a group, parties must represent at least seven countries and Ms Grigule's departure had reduced the EFDD to six.
Ms Grigule, an MEP for the Latvian Farmers' Union, has applied to Mr Schulz to become an independent MEP. According to one source in the European Parliament, the EFDD group was due to get just over 4m euros (£3.2m; $5m) in funding in 2015 - more than 80,000 euros per MEP in the group. For UKIP, with 24 MEPs, that's more than 2m euros of revenue hanging in the balance. Half of it usually goes to the communications budget - a valuable resource in an election year. If Mr Farage is no longer the leader of a group, he will also get less speaking time in the parliament, and fewer opportunities to make speeches on big set-piece occasions. UKIP alleges that the Latvian MEP who has left the group was bullied into submission by parliamentary leaders but she is so far unavailable for comment. A UKIP statement accused the President of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz, of acting like he was running the parliament of a "banana republic". But without a formal political group, UKIP will be a less powerful voice in Brussels. Nigel Farage said his party had been the victim of a back-room stitch-up and he accused Martin Schulz of "effectively blackmailing" Ms Grigule by offering her the leadership of an overseas delegation.
That, he said, was how the British got treated in Brussels. The EFDD's collapse has also forced MEPs to postpone a decision on the winner of the Sakharov Prize for 2014 until next Tuesday, for administrative reasons. UKIP's 24 members made up half of the 48-strong EFDD group. They were followed by Beppe Grillo's Five Star Movement which had 17 MEPs. Other members included the Sweden Democrats, one French independent, and MEPs from the Czech Republic and Lithuania. Eurosceptics made major advances at the European elections in May, with the EFDD gaining an extra 17 seats. News of the EFDD's fall was welcomed by the largest group in the parliament, the centre-right European People's Party (EPP), which tweeted: "First defeat for Eurosceptics! EFDD group disappears with departure of Latvian Iveta Grigule." The leader of the UK Labour Party at the European Parliament, Glenis Willmott MEP, said Nigel Farage had suffered a "massive blow". Mr Farage has predicted UKIP could hold the balance of power in the UK following the general election next year after his party gained its first elected MP last month and narrowly failed to take a seat from Labour at a by-election.
Why being in a group is better
@ Non-attached MEPs - collectively called "NI" in the parliament - cannot be heads or deputy heads of EP committees or delegations
@ Groups have more power than NI members to draft legislation and steer it through parliament
@ NI members cannot table group amendments or motions for resolutions at full EP sessions
@ MEPs in groups have more staff than NI members, who are excluded from the total 59.8m euro (£48m; $76m) pot allocated to groups to cover their administrative expenses
@ Average budget for NI members is 43,000 euros each.
© BBC News
After Zara's 'Holocaust tee,' Mango shirt deemed 'Nazi chic'
Twitter users say lightning-like pattern on clothing giant's new top resembles SS insignia.
16/10/2014- A new shirt marketed by the Spanish fashion chain Mango has sparked derision online over what social media users have describe as a striking resemblance between its lightning symbol and the insignia of Nazi SS units. The shirt is advertised as a white shirt for women with a lightning-like symbol, under a label heralding it as “the total look," but Twitter users think it is more in the line of "Nazi chic." Consumers who noticed the likeness have been flooding Twitter and Facebook with their protests in recent days. The German politician and satirist Martin Sonnenborn, who heads The Party, posted a photo of the shirt on his Facebook page, asking, “Why does Mango market this shirt only to women? There are also male Nazis.”
Others called it “The SS shirt” or the “Eva Braun Collection”. According to the magazine Bild, some consumers have pointed out that the new shirt's promotional tagline, "I want a total look," also carries an unflattering association to Nazi bigwig Joseph Goebbels, who famously called out in a 1943 speech: "Do you want a total war?" to a cheering crowd. Last August there was an uproar on social media when the Zara chain sold a children’s shirt that looked like the uniform worn by concentration camp inmates, including a yellow star that looked like the yellow badge on these uniforms. Zara removed the shirt and apologized.
USA: Sears apologizes, removes swastika ring from Marketplace website
13/10/2014- Sears has apologized and removed a men’s swastika ring that was briefly for sale on its Marketplace website. The “.925 Thai silver Swastika ring” was listed under the “men’s punk rock style” jewelry category. “Not for Neo Nazi or any Nazi implication. These jewelry items are going to make you look beautiful at your next dinner date,” description read, Haaretz reported. Sears tweeted personalized responses to dozens of outraged customers, apologizing for the mistake and explaining that sometimes third-party vendors slip through the cracks. “We certainly understand the upset and regret this occurred. The vendor is being reviewed and the item remo-ved,” Sears tweeted. “This item is a 3rd party Sears Marketplace product that does not abide with our guidelines and is being removed,” the company said. The item was also briefly for sale on Amazon.com, though it is listed currently as unavailable, Haaretz reported. The Jewish parenting website Kveller posted an image of the Sears page with the swastika ring before it was removed.
© The Washington Times
Slovak Plan To Give Gypsies Free Flights To UK
16/10/2014- A group of local Slovak politicians who wear cowboy hats and call themselves the magnificent seven are campaigning on a promise to solve crime and clean up the area by putting gypsies on flights to the rest of Europe, and sterilising those that remain. Vladimir Guertler, 41, who is head of the Magnificent Seven Party that promises to restore law and order by getting rid of the gypsies with one-way tickets abroad, has backed up his plan with TV spots interviewing gypsies admitting they would welcome the chance of a free ticket out of the country. Those that remain, he said, would be eligible for free sterilisation operations for which they would get incentives, including the advantage that with fewer children they would have more money for other things. Before the region split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1993, Czechoslovakia routinely sterilised Roma women to curb the birthrate of people regarded as "undesirables" but it was thought to have ceased after the 1989 Velvet Revolution.
It was later found out however that doctors had continued the practice not just for months but for years. And now the subject has been raised again in Slovakia together with the idea of encouraging Roma to go to other places in Europe with free one-way tickets. The "7 statocnych" party, which means the magnificent seven, is campaigning in the city of Kosice in the impoverished east of Slovakia, a region split by ethnic tension. Guertler, who is a lawyer, has already put up posters promising the sterilisations and the tickets if he is elected to the local council in the upcoming elections on November 15. And he has rejected critics who called his campaign "amoral" and "racist". He said: "My campaign is deeply moral and there are no marks of racism. It is human to Romas and also to major population of Slovakia. "All points of my election program are based on my knowledge of the situation following several visits to the borough of Lunik IX in Kosice and discussions with its residents."
Guertler claimed his plan of free flight tickets would be viable, saying: "Free movement of persons in EU countries is guaranteed. And every European citizen has right to live, work, study or to run business there." He said the Roma he had spoken to did not say which country they would want to go to but that the UK would for sure be one of those offered. And with regards to the sterilisation he said: "Roma women who live in poverty don’t have the possibilities to protect themselves and to control the number of children they have, what with a lack of money for contraception and generally their partners’ unwillingness to use it. "My plan is to financially support women of a certain age with a certain number of children who decide to undergo the sterilisation voluntarily. "The financial support would give a better life for her and for her children." Posters stuck up around the city show him wearing a white shirt and white western hat and repeat his claims made in local newspapers and on television of flights and sterilisations for Roma.
The billboards contain sentences as "Lunik IX to Brussels. Flight tickets for free" or "Voluntary sterilisation for Roma women". Lunik IX is a borough in the city of Kosice which houses Slovakia's largest Romani community. Although originally built for 2500 inhabitants, there are now at least three times that number living there. Most basic amenities have been cut off because of the failure of those using them to pay. Guertler wrote on the website of the political party: "I have spoken to Romas from Lunik IX about the possibility of leaving Slovakia. That’s why I want free flight tickets for them." The candidate made a short video in the borough and asked Romas if they would like to leave Slovakia. One of the Lunik IX residents Jozef Conka, 39, said: "Yes, I would like to leave right now." Guertler offered to organise a public money collection for the flight or bus ticket for Conka. Another resident of Lunik IX Miroslav Horvath, 26, was not very impressed by Vladimir Guertler's plan. He said: "You care about those who want to leave. But what about people who want to stay here? Why don’t you try to solve the problem with housing here."
Meanwhile local police have confirmed they have had a complaint and are investigating whether the billboards can be regarded as racist. Police spokesman Alexander Szabo said: "Kosice police has registered a complaint. We will investigate the case and pass on a report to prosecutors." Meanwhile some of the billboards have been defaced by people who have pasted on Ku Klux Klan images, a move which Guertler condemned as an attack by "human-rights extremists". Activist Laco Oravec from the Milan Simecka Foundation that is fighting to get a better situation for Roma people said: "This campaign benefits from the appalling situation of Roma in the country who are forced to live in a really primitive way. "The idea of moving people who are not convenient for us may be welcomed by voters, but it is totally amoral. The problems have to be solved and not to be moved elsewhere. This candidate is clearly a racist."
© The Croatian Times
Far-right extremists plan Upper Austrian meeting
A gathering of the far-right group Arbeitsgemeinschaft für demokratische Politik (AFP) is due to take place in the Wels-Land district of Upper Austria from Friday to Sunday - but several of the speakers may be stopped from making an appearance.
16/10/2014- The organisers say that they want to "present a clear, alternative model to the EU capitalist corporations", with speakers from across Europe “standing up for freedom and sovereignty" and attendees gathering in the evenings to sing “folk and freedom songs". The Austrian Press Agency reports that representatives from Greece’s far-right Golden Dawn party are expected to attend, as well as from Hungary’s far-right Jobbik party, and the right wing publicists Pierre Krebs and Richard Melisch. The planned gathering, entitled ‘Europe - Rebirth or Demise’, is scheduled to take place at the Gasthof Lauber in Offenhausen. Upper Austrian police said that the meeting was “on their radar” but that they would not be banning it. The Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution is looking into the background of all the speakers and will not allow them to make an appearance if there are any criminal proceedings pending against them. Austria’s Mauthausen Committee (MKÖ) and the Upper Austrian Antifa anti-fascist network have called for the AFP to be banned.
Golden Dawn is "a neo-Nazi party, whose head has been formally charged with belonging to a criminal organization,” said MKÖ chairman Willi Mernyi. "Given the known facts, it is incomprehensible that security agencies and the judiciary are happy to sit back and watch the machinations of the AFP," criticized Antifa spokesman Robert Eiter. The AFP was founded in 1963, as the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Politik, and was connected to Manfred Roeder, a prominent German Holocaust denier and convicted extreme-right activist, who died in July. Its publications often carry items about neo-Nazi and revisionist agitation and one of its main aims is to fight Austria’s National Socialist Prohibition Law. Constitutional expert Heinz Mayer has stated that the AFP continues to "overtly and covertly glorify Nazi ideas and actions, cynically denies any Nazi violence, and uses hateful language with a clearly aggressive tone towards foreigners, Jews, and ‘strangers’”. The AFP has few defenders but is connected to members of the far-right both in Austria and abroad. It supports the right-wing FPÖ party at elections.
© The Local - Austria
Greek Prosecutor Seeks Trial for 70 Far Rightists
16/10/2014- A prosecutor heading a yearlong investigation into Greece's extreme right Golden Dawn party recommended Thursday that its leader, 17 other lawmakers, and dozens of party officials and supporters stand trial on a range of charges, including running a criminal organization and murder. In a 700-page report, seen by the Associated Press, prosecutor Isidoros Doyiakos describes Golden Dawn as a staunchly hierarchical organization that aimed "to propagate and impose its political beliefs and theories through violence." The party, founded in the mid-1980s as a fringe Neo-Nazi group, saw a huge increase in support since the start of Greece's financial crisis five years ago and won 18 seats in the 300-member parliament in 2012 elections. Doyiakos wrote that Golden Dawn's ideology was of "no criminal interest" but argued that it organized assault squads "armed with bats iron bars, brass knuckles, and knives" to carry out frequent attacks against immigrants and left-wing activists.
The report, based largely on testimony from a protected witnesses and material from computer hard drives seized in multiple police raids, is the most damaging to the party since a crackdown was launched by judicial authorities last year. The investigation was launched after an alleged Golden Dawn volunteer was arrested for the murder of a left-wing rap singer, Pavlos Fyssas, in a knife attack. Party leader Nikos Michaloliakos and eight other lawmakers are currently in jailed for pre-trial detention, while the others regularly attend parliamentary sessions. A panel of judges is expected to issue final indictments next month. If it upholds Doyiakos' recommendations, the lawmakers face a maximum 20-year prison sentence if convicted. Speaking from prison in Athens late Thursday, party spokesman Ilias Kasidiaris described the report as "laughable" and politically motivated by the conservative government seeking to regain votes lost to the far right. "There are 700 pages and not one with any real evidence," he said. "Obviously the government is panicking."
© The Associated Press
Attacks on Albanian Shops in Serbia Condemned
A wave of attacks on Albanian businesses in Serbia has occurred in the wake of the disastrous Serbia-Albania football match earlier this week.
17/10/2014- Serbian police have arrested one person, following a series of attacks on Albanian-owned shops in Serbia that came after a football match raised tensions to boiling point in the country. An 18-year-old man was arrested on Friday on suspicion of having taken part in attacks on two bakeries in the town of Banovci owned by ethnic Albanians. Attacks on Albanian-owned businesses in the northern province of Vojvodina started after a football match between Albania and Serbia on October 14 ended in chaos and fighting on the pitch. The UK referee called off the match. A day later, two shops in the towns of Stara Pazova and Sombor were set on fire while another in Serbia’s second city of Novi Sad was stoned. The attacks continued on October 15. During the night a bakery in Novi Sad was burned, while hooligans damaged five more shops in Novi Sad and Vrsac.
Bajram Temaj, the owner of Novi Sad bakery that was torched on Thursday night, said police turned down his request for protection, which he had made after attacks started a day earlier. He said the police had answered that they did not have enough patrol vehicles or the capacity to respond to his request. Serbia’s Prime Minister, Aleksandar Vucic, condemned the attacks and stated that all citizens and their properties were entitled to protection. “These are our citizens who work and pay taxes regularly and we will guarantee them full security,” he said. “These are criminal acts and the government will respond by protecting its citizens,” Vucic added.
Aleksandar Nikolic, State Secretary of the Interior Ministry, said Serbia would not tolerate the spread of religious and ethnic hatred, and that all those who destroyed property in this fashion would be punished. “The ministry is working intensively to identify the individuals who have attacked facilities owned by our citizens of Albanian nationality,” Nikolic said. He also stated that the police would guarantee the security of all the country’s citizens. “We are doing everything in our power to prevented these and similar attacks, despite the brutal provocation at the football match”. The “provocation” referred to was a drone that flew over the stadium in Belgrade bearing a map of Greater Albania. Fighting then erupted on the pitch and some Albanian players were assaulted by Serbian fans who had invaded the field.
© Balkan Insight
Serbia: Belgrade chaos fed off centuries of rivalry between Serbia and Albania
Abandonment of European qualifier is the latest chapter in a long history of grudges and conflict in the Balkans
15/10/2014- In the Balkans, more than anywhere else, football is the continuation of war by other means. There is a long history of violence underlying the chaos in the Belgrade stadium – this is just the first time it has taken the very 21st-century form of a drone conflict. Every scene on Tuesday night was freighted with centuries-old grudges and rivalries that last erupted into armed conflict in the 1998-9 war between Serbia and ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, which left 10,000 people dead and was halted only by a Nato bombing campaign. The map suspended from the drone showed a map of a “Greater Albania” including Kosovo and parts of Macedonia. On either side were portraits of two heroes from Albania’s war of independence against the Ottoman Empire. The country that the Albanians thought they were going to get after the collapse of the Ottomans was cut in half at an international conference in London in 1912-13, and the Albanians have never forgotten.
Similarly, the Serbs have not forgotten, or accepted, the loss of Kosovo. Serbia, and its Russian allies, have not recognised Kosovo’s 2008 declaration of independence. Serb nationalists regard Kosovo as the birthplace of their culture, and the most important date in the Serb nationalist calendar commemorates the loss of a 1389 battle to the Ottomans in Kosovo, seen as the beginning of the end for greater Serbia. The notorious Serb hooligan who led the pitch invasion on Tuesday night, Ivan Bogdanov, is not just part of the hardcore Red Star Belgrade fans, the Ultra Boys. He is also part of Movement 1389, a far-right nationalist group which has been involved in rioting against Kosovo Albanians and their western backers.
In that sense, Bogdanov is continuing a tradition of mingling football hooliganism with ultra-nationalist politics. The first really violent incident leading up to the bloody wars of the 90s was a 1990 clash between Zagreb and Belgrade fans in the Croatian capital. The most violent paramilitary leader of the Croatian and Bosnian wars, Zeljko Raznatovic, known universally as Arkan, was the leader of the most violent Red Star fans, the delije, who he recruited to form the core of his paramilitary group, the Tigers, who murdered and pillaged their way across the wreckage of Yugoslavia, before Arkan was assassinated in Belgrade in 2000. Bogdanov is sometimes described as Arkan’s heir apparent, ideologically if not militarily.
It was left to the respective team captains to remind people that it was supposed to have been a football match rather than the latest skirmish in the Serbian-Albanian territorial struggle. The Albanian captain, Lorik Cana, went out of his way to thank his Serbian counterpart, Branislav Ivanovic, for protecting his team on the field. Ivanovic said after the game: “What’s most important to us is that we stood by the Albanian representation as a team and supported them. We regret that football was presented as a secondary issue here.”
© The Guardian
Ukraine far right battles police in Kiev
Ukrainian nationalists have hurled smoke canisters and stones at riot police during clashes outside the parliament in Kiev.
14/10/2014- Violence erupted when the protesters demanded that MPs pass a law to recognise a World War Two nationalist group which opposed Soviet forces. Fifteen policemen were injured and at least 50 protesters had been arrested, the Ukrainian interior ministry said. Meanwhile, shelling in east Ukraine reportedly killed seven people. Seventeen people were also injured when shells hit a funeral in the village of Sartana, near the disputed port city of Mariupol in Donetsk region, local officials said. Pro-Russian separatist forces are active near Mariupol, which is under government control. A fragile ceasefire has been in place since early September between government forces and the separatists, who control large parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
MPs did not vote to recognise the wartime Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). Most of the crowd has now dispersed. Police used batons in the clashes and linked arms to protect the parliament. At least one petrol bomb was thrown at the parliament building in the unrest and there are unconfirmed reports that some bullets were fired. Reporting the injuries and arrests, interior ministry adviser Anton Gerashchenko wrote on Facebook that "the clashes at the Supreme Rada [parliament] have just ended" and "the police used a degree of force allowed by law". Among the many Ukrainian flags in the crowd there were also flags of the far-right Svoboda and Right Sector groups. Both groups later denied that their supporters had been involved in the violence.
UPA members fought for Ukrainian independence in the war, but recognising their role is highly controversial, the BBC's David Stern reports from Kiev. At times they were allied with the Nazis and are said to have carried out atrocities against civilians. In Kharkiv, Ukraine's largely Russian-speaking second city, nationalists held a torch-lit rally on the main square on Tuesday evening, under far-right banners. The event was meant to commemorate Ukrainian soldiers killed fighting the rebels in the east. Tensions are mounting in Ukraine ahead of elections scheduled for 26 October. There are some doubts whether Svoboda will pass the 5% threshold necessary to get parliamentary seats.
© BBC News
Bulgaria: Levski fined for mocking UEFA's anti-racism campaign
15/10/2014- Levski Sofia have been fined 19,000 levs ($12,419) after fans mocked one of the anti-racism campaigns launched by European soccer's governing body UEFA in a Bulgarian league match last month. The Bulgarian Football Union (BFU) imposed the relatively small fine on Wednesday after several Levski supporters held up a banner stating "Say yes to racism" and doctored UEFA logo during their 3-2 league win over champions Ludogorets. The ugly incident caused outrage in the Black Sea state. Bulgarian soccer authorities have long been criticised by anti-racism campaigners, local media and fans for not cracking down hard enough on discrimination in sport. Levski, 26-times Bulgarian champions and one of the country's two most popular clubs along with bitter city rivals CSKA, have a history of racism at their matches. The BFU fined the club 37,500 levs after their supporters displayed a banner showing a swastika and another one marking what would have been Adolf Hitler's birthday during their game at Litex Lovech in April 2013. In 2012, Levski were fined 30,000 euros ($38,328) by UEFA for racist behaviour by fans during a Europa League match against Bosnia & Herzegovina's Sarajevo.
(1 US dollar = 1.5299 Bulgarian lev)
Kyrgyz MPs pass 'anti-gay' law in first reading, ignore U.S. criticism
15/10/2014- Kyrgyzstan's parliament voted overwhelmingly on Wednesday to pass a bill on first reading that bans "gay propaganda," ignoring a call by the United States opposing the discriminatory changes to the Central Asian state's legislation. The bill, condemned by human rights bodies as homophobic and allowing police to take arbitrary action against sexual minorities, was passed by a 79-7 vote. It has to be approved on three readings and be signed by the president to become a law. "We supported this bill, because it reflects the hopes and expectations of our voters willing to protect the traditional family," Kurmanbek Dykanbayev, one of the initiators of the bill, told Reuters. "And from now on, there will be no possibility to arrange gay clubs, gay cafes or to hold gay rallies." The draft law proposes imposing fines or prison terms of up to one year on those "forming a positive attitude to untraditional sexual relations" among minors or in mass media. Dykanbayev said that penalties might toughened in the following readings.
Critics say the bill resembles a law banning "gay propaganda" that Russia's parliament passed in June last year. Russia, a close ally that provides Kyrgyzstan with financial assistance and keeps a military airbase in the country, came under a barrage of Western criticism after it adopted that law. The U.S. embassy in Kyrgzystan has criticized the new bill, saying that people should not be silenced or jailed because of who they are or who they love. It said that laws discriminating against one group threaten the fundamental rights of all people. The parliament retorted with a statement that said the new bill was in line with the country's constitution and its international commitments. It said the rights of those practicing "untraditional sexual ties" would not be violated. "This draft law aims not to trample on someone's rights, but to protect and defend traditional family, human, moral and historic values of society, taking into account the mentality of the people of Kyrgyzstan," it said.
Kyrgyzstan is a mainly Muslim nation of 5.5 million which borders China. It is struggling to build the first parliamentary democracy in authoritarian Central Asia, but popular revolts have toppled its two presidents since 2005 and it struggles with widespread poverty and regional and ethnic divisions.
UK: Social media should not descend into a tool for far-right (opinion)
These days social media allows strangers and their opinions into our homes at all times of the day or night – but only if we allow it to
By Jade Wright
17/10/2014- It’s not every morning that I’m described as a fascist and ‘a silly young hack who resorts to insults at the first provocation’. Not before before I’ve finished my toast, anyway. Admittedly I am quite strict about separating my vegetarian fry up from my boyfriend’s carnivorous version, but most mornings are fairly peaceful in our house – until either of us picks up our phones and looks at Twitter. This week I spotted a message from a bloke (at least I think it’s a bloke, but there was no picture), which read: “Just read your June article in the Echo about Britain First. You are the reason people re-post their stuff. Wake up!” That one story, which I wrote in response to people sharing Britain First’s D-Day posts on Facebook, is still the best-read column I’ve ever written. I don’t know why, but it still gets re-posted and read every week, and I still get plenty of abuse from far-right supporters about it, as well as some nice comments too.
This bloke had clearly taken exception to me pointing out that Britain First are a right-wing political party and street defence organisation who encourage people to share their posts to spread their message. He didn't like me warning people against re-posting things without checking what they are. He said: “The issue is that people like YOU are wilfully ignoring why people like me turn to the far right. Only they give us a voice... We agree with your multicultural hogwash or you dismiss us as fascists. YOU are the fascist.” I laughed so hard I almost spat my tea out. Boyfriend looked crossly across the table, briefly distracted from his plate full of sausages and bacon. We try not to spend our rare time at home together arguing with strangers on Twitter. We have a no-phones-at-mealtimes rule.
But this was too funny for me not to respond. The man, who said he was part of the far right, was using fascism as an insult. That’s like me accusing someone of being a ‘lefty’ as a bad thing. He didn’t seem to realise that fascism is a form of authoritarian nationalism – the very thing he claims to support. Presumably he thought it was just a catch-all insult for anyone whose opinions he disagreed with. My response was probably a bit mean, looking back. I made fun of his insult and his poor use of grammar. I told him to come back and debate when he’d read his history books. This prompted the “just a silly young hack who resorts to insults at the first provoca-tion” tweet.
He’s not that far wrong – I am silly and I quite liked being described as young – but then I came to my senses, put down my phone and picked up my knife and fork. Time was when I had to leave the house to be insulted by a stranger (rather than insulted by someone I know, which happens all the time). These days social media allows strangers and their opinions into our homes at all times of the day or night – but only if we allow it to. I’m putting down my phone.
© The Liverpool Echo
UK: Hundreds hold ‘kiss-in’ at Brighton Sainsburys after ‘disgusting’ lesbians asked to leave
Hundreds have taken part in a gay ‘kiss-in’ at a Brighton branch of supermarket chain Sainsburys, after a lesbian couple were told the sight of them kissing was “disgusting”, and could harm children.
16/10/2014- University of Sussex student Annabelle Paige said she gave her girlfriend a light kiss while the store last week, when a security guard approached and told them to either stop kissing or leave. Paige said the security guard told her they were sorry to have said it, but that a customer had complained that they were concerned about the welfare of their children, and thought it was “disgusting” to see two women kiss. Around 200 people gathered at the store, before kissing one another, and holding up banners supporting LGBT rights.
Couples same and opposite sex were welcomed at the kiss-in
A Sainsbury’s spokesperson later pointed out that the guard had been employed through a third party, and said: “This should never have happened – it is clear that Miss Paige and her partner were not behaving inappropriately and we are very sorry that they were treated in this way.” The supermarket chain added: “We have called Miss Paige to apologise and will be making a [£100] donation to a charity of her choice.”
© Pink News
UK: Goldsmiths University Row As Holocaust Motion Voted Down Over 'Colonial' Fears
16/10/2014- A row has erupted between students at a London university after a proposal to commemorate the Holocaust was voted down, with students expressing concerns over "colonialism" and "Eurocentric" links. Students at Goldsmiths University refused to back the motion on Wednesday, which suggested organising commemora-tive events for students on Holocaust Memorial Day, as well as other genocide remembrance days. Former UKIP member and Goldsmiths student Colin Cortbus proposed the motion, which asked the student union to "organise commemorative events for students and members of the public on Holocaust Memorial Day, on the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism, on the Holodomor Genocide Memorial Day Act and on Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day".
On the same day the proposal was defeated, Sarah El-alfy, education officer at Goldsmiths, tweeted a message congratulating students for rejecting the "Eurocentric" motion: Wonderful support from Goldsmiths' students on preventing Eurocentric motion going through.
Defy cisnormativity @drcab1e
One student present at the debate makes clear their opposition against the motion: This is a colonialist motion. Vote it down. #gsuassembly
Defy cisnormativity @drcab1e
White people should not be proposing motions condemning genocides without a lot of thought. This does not have that thought. #gsuassembly
The row emerged following an article Cortbus co-wrote for his student website The Tab on the issue, which has been criticised for misgendering and factual inaccura-cies. According to the union, student officer Sarah El-alfy offered to help Cortbus redraft the motion and bring it to the next student assembly. However Cortbus still insists the motion was wholly rejected, telling HuffPost UK: "To see a students' union reject this tolerant, inclusive motion for remembrance on the basis of spurious arguments.. is very sad for democracy." Goldsmiths president Howard Littler assured HuffPost UK the student union had previously held commemorative events on Holocaust Memorial Day and would do so in future. The news follows the voting down of a proposal to condemn Islamic State, over fears the motion was "Islamophobic".
© The Huffington Post - UK
UK: NUS refuses to condemn IS over fears of 'Islamophobia'
15/10/2014- The National Union of Students has refused to condemn brutal Islamic State terrorists over claims of 'Islamophobia'. A motion calling for the union's National Executive Council was rejected amid claims it would represent a "justification for war". Students backing the motion denied it was racist and hit out at "identity politics" in universities. Muslim groups from around the world have condemned Isis and denounced it as "un-Islamic" using the hashtag #notinmyname. The motion, tabled at London's Derbyshire House in September, vowed to "condemn the IS and support the Kurdish forces fighting against it, while expressing no confidence or trust in the US military intervention". But a group of students blocked it, claiming that "condemnation of ISIS appears to have become a justification for war and blatant Islamaphobia". Daniel Cooper, who tabled the original motion, hit out at the rebels who blocked it. "I have looked again and again at the contents of the motion, yet I cannot track any Islamophobia or racism," he said. "There is a stranglehold of "identity politics" on the student movement."
The NUS said in a statement: "At our most recent NEC meeting, a motion on this issue was presented and voted on by all members. "Some committee members felt that the wording of the motion being presented would unfairly demonise all Muslims rather than solely the group of people it set out to rightfully condemn. "NUS does not support ISIS and a new motion will be taken to the next NUS National Executive Committee meeting, which will specifically condemn the politics and methods of ISIS and offer solidarity for the Kurdish people."
© The London Evening Standard.
UK: David Cameron in race row after posing with blacked-up Morris dancers
David Cameron has courted controversy by posing with a group of blacked-up Morris dancers at a folk festival in Banbury.
13/10/2014- The Prime Minister was on a day out with his family when a group of Morris dancers asked him to pose for a picture with them. The image was immediately shared on Twitter, with the Prime Minister drawing widespread criticism. One tweet described his decision as “crass and insensitive.” Another read: “If you're a Morris dancer and you want to black up, ask yourself if it's really appropriate. If the answer is yes, you're wrong.” Another suggested: “Maybe Cameron could organise an im-promptu photo shoot with Morris dancer to show Putin who is real man.” Martin de Vine, founder and Squire of the Foxs Morris dancers, said: "David Cameron was having a coffee and we saw him and just asked if he would have a picture taken," The Telegraph reported.
"They blacked their faces with soot because it was illegal to beg and they didn't want to be recognised. It was a disguise, in the same way that the leader of the troupe wears a top hat and is called the squire to take the mickey out of the local squire. "It's not racist and offence is never taken. People from other cultural backgrounds don't see it as that at all. We have had an Arab person dancing with us in the past - it's not seen as racist." It is not the first time such an image has provoked criticism. In April, a Labour Parliamentary candidate defended a photo he shared online which showed him with a pair of Morris dancers with their faces painted black. Will Straw, the son of former Home Secretary Jack Straw, was criticised by anti-racism campaigners who said that so-called "blacking-up" was "out of date" and "unaccep-table in modern day Britain".
Mr Straw said at the time: "Accusers [should] mug up on their history before making false accusations. The dance, which marks the return of spring, is believed to trace its roots to Moorish pirates who settled in Cornwall and became employed in local mining. "As more mines and quarries opened in Lancashire in the 18th and 19th centuries, a few Cornishmen are said to have headed to the area, taking with them mining expertise and the costume of red and white kilts, breeches, bonnets and blackened faces." To many people, a blacked-up face evokes a racist music hall tradition in which white performers pretended to be black. In the 1960s, one of the most popular shows on British television was the Black and White Minstrel Show.
Morris dancers who black up their faces claim that there is no racial connotation at all. They say they are reviving a tradition associated with Border Morris dancing, in which Welsh Morris dancers on the English border used black cork to disguise themselves as they went begging in the streets.
© The Independent
UK: Criminals' money hands anti-racism charity a Ł10k cash boost
Show Racism the Red Card has received £9,250 from the Police and Crime Commissioner for Gwent’s Partnership Fund
13/10/2014- Show Racism the Red Card has been awarded a share of cash seized from criminals in Gwent. The charity was awarded funding of £9,250 from the Police and Crime Commissioner for Gwent’s Partnership Fund, which is funded by the proceeds of crime awarded to the police and from the sale of unclaimed found property. The Commissioner’s Partnership Fund was made available in May 2014 for charities, voluntary organisations and community groups in Gwent involved in activities that have a positive impact on their communities. Following a rigorous process of assessing each bid on its merits, a total of 40 organisations or groups have been notified that their bid has been successful. Police and Crime Commissioner Ian Johnston said: “Show Racism the Red Card do a fantastic job in Wales and play an essential role in stemming the tide of racism. “It’s taking the messages into schools and using role models in the world of sport to spread the word and highlight that racism is poisonous and needs to be eradicated.”
Sunil Patel, from Show Racism the Red Card, added: “We are pleased to have been selected as one of the recipients of the award and look forward to visiting pupils across the area. “Former footballer Steve Jenkins and Christian Roberts will be part of the Education team delivering workshops to over 1,000 pupils in the coming months.” The projects funded contribute to delivering the Commissioner’s priorities for Gwent which include reducing and preventing crime; taking more effective action to reduce anti-social behaviour and protecting people from serious harm. A total of £157,000 was awarded to projects from Mr Johnston’s Partnership Fund earlier this month. The Commissioner has also decided to refer a number of projects which submitted applications – amounting to nearly £100,000 in total – for consideration.
© Wales Online
PS MP of Finland ready to patrol streets and take law into his own hands
Remember what people said when the Perussuomalaiset (PS)* won their historic election victory in 2011? ”Nothing is going to happen you’ll see…they’ll soon implode like the Rural Party did in the 1970s…” some said playing down the whole matter. After almost four years, the PS continues to polarize society by instilling fear and fueling racism but has now opened a new terrifying chapter in its strategy to gain power: mob rule.
PS MP Tom Packalén, who falsely claimed on a blog entry that only migrant youth gangs in East Helsinki attack white Finns, has unleashed the darkest and most racist side of Finland. Not only are MP Pakclaén’s claims false, they have been disproven by the police. "And let’s not forget the publication, Uusi Suomi, where MP Packalén’s blog entry and many others by the PS have been published. They are just as responsible as the PS for spreading racism in Finland". In this latest bout of xenophobia in Finland, it’s the silence of the political parties and the media that doesn’t surprises us once again.
Making racist claims and victimizing migrants and minorities has become such a “normal” activity in this country that not even the PS leadership cares what some of their members say or will do. The aim of parties like the PS and far-right associations like Suomen Sisu is to keep Finland white like the graffiti that reads “white power.” Suomen Sisu is a far-right association chaired by PS MP Olli Immonen whose aim is to keep Finland white. In a statement, Immonen warned that “if officials don’t have the will or resources to protect the security of its citizens,” Suomen Sisu will take matters into its hands. Yes, no translation mistake since what you read is correct. A PS MP, a lawmaker, of a far-right association is ready to patrol Helsinki’s streets against real or imagined youth gangs.
While the PS has always shown its ugly and hostile side to migrants and minorities, the suggestion by one of its MPs to patrol streets with others like neo-Nazi Kansallinen Vastarinta and other PS members, which MP Packalén’s blog entry has encouraged, is totally unacceptable in a democracy such as Finland and should be condemned. The blog entry by MP Packalén shows the desperate state of the party, which needs a big boost to come close to their 2011 election victory since the last three elections have been disappointing. "Finland needs the PS, the silence of other parties and a media that is blind because it is white like a hole in the head. The lack of leadership that we are witnessing today in the face of such racism and hostility is shameful".
Far-right and nationalistic parties in Finland, as is Europe, have become a grave threat to democracy and to the right of minorities to live in peace. It’s clear that matters will get worse as these parties, like the PS, get more power since the scapegoating won’t stop but get worse. Such intolerance has the danger of destroying our society. We must do everything to stop the menace that is placing Finland in harm’s way and that danger is the PS and our shameful silence. Leadership is needed more than ever now.
* The Finnish name for the Finns Party is the Perussuomalaiset (PS). The English names of the party adopted by the PS, like True Finns or Finns Party, promote in our opinion nativist nationalism and xenophobia. We therefore prefer to use the Finnish name of the party on our postings.Thank you Pia Grochowski for the heads up!
© Migrant Tales
France: Marine Le Pen plan to change Front National name angers father
Front National confirms questionnaire will be sent to party members, despite founder Jean-Marie Le Pen calling name change idea "completely moronic, scandalous, indecent"
14/10/2014- Marine Le Pen is considering changing the Front National's name, in a move designed to move the far-Right party away from its xenophobic roots which is likely to prompt a new clash with her father Jean-Marie. According to her party's number two, Florian Philippot, Miss Le Pen may include the matter in a questionnaire that will be sent before the end of the year to the party's 75,000 members, The move, just weeks after Miss Le Pen's cat was reportedly mauled by her father's Dober-man, is expected to shown new divisions within the family at the helm of the Front National. Jean-Marie Le Pen has previously described as "completely moronic, scandalous, indecent". Miss Le Pen herself was more guarded when asked about the plan, saying only: "The idea of sending a questionnaire has been agreed upon but its content has not been decided."
But she said late last year that the question of a name change was "not taboo" and that if the question arose "it would be thrown open to party members to see what they think". That comment drew a furious response from her father. Miss Le Pen took over the official leadership from her firebrand father in 2011 and since then has sought to sanitise the far-Right group as she prepares to run for the French presidency in 2017. Her strategy appears to be working. After strong showings in municipal and European elections, the Front last month won its first ever seats in the French Senate, and a recent opinion poll said she would win the French presidency in a run-off election against the incumbent Socialist François Hollande. There was no indication of what any new name might be, but for parliamentary elections in 2012 Front National candidates ran on a Rassemblement Bleu Marine (Marine Blue Rally) ticket.
The Le Pen family usually presents a united front, but there are signs that the 48-year-old daughter is increasingly seeing her 86-year-old father, who is the party's honorary president, as a liability. In June Miss Le Pen described as a "political mistake" a joke made by her father, who has several convictions for racism and anti-Semitism, that appeared to be mocking the Holocaust. He angrily hit back, saying "the real political fault" was to turn the Front National into a "bizarre", insipid, and conformist party like any other. Earlier this month it was reported that Miss Le Pen had moved out of the opulent chateau estate she shared with her father after one of his Doberman dogs savagely killed one of her Bengal cats. Her party declined to comment on the report that Miss Le Pen had taken her remaining cats and fled the Montretout domain to move to a new residence nearby.
© The Telegraph
The EU-sponsored man hunt “Mos Maiorum” is discriminatory and costly
A two-week EU-wide police operation, dubbed ‘Mos Maiorum’, was launched on 13 October to detect, detain and possibly deport irregular migrants. This massive control operation is extremely worrying both in terms of discriminatory stop and search practices and protecting the basic rights of asylum seekers, refugees and migrants.
16/10/2014- The European Network Against Racism (ENAR) condemns this ‘Fortress Europe’ approach to migration and the disastrous consequences it has for migrants, as well as ethnic and religious minorities as a whole, across Europe. This operation is leading to hundreds of random identity checks at train and bus stations, on highways and in public spaces, and anyone looking ‘foreign’ is being targeted. The use of racial, ethnic, national, or religious characteristics as a way of singling out people for identity or security checks - racial profiling - is discriminatory. This adds to existing racial profiling practices, confirmed by research showing that Black people are 7 times more likely to be stopped and searched than white people in England & Wales and 6 times more in Paris.
This operation is also fuelling xenophobia in Europe, as it is reinforcing the myth of a criminal invasion to Europe, further stigmatising and criminalising migrants. In reality, most undocumented migrants in Europe are fleeing war-torn countries including Syria. During a similar police operation last year, 36 percent of the 10,459 migrants intercepted were Syrians, and the second and third-largest groups were Eritrean and Afghan nationals, according to an EU document.
In times of austerity, we are also concerned by the significant amounts of financial and human resources mobilised for such poor EU-wide results. The populist rationale of such operations is highlighted by the fact that the official communication around them does not take into account their real impact on European economies: for two weeks, thousands of migrants do not go to work for fear of being controlled and have even less access to health support, further impeding on their ability to sustain themselves and their families. All this has a cost for European economies, which is not compensated by any of these security measures. It’s a lose-lose approach, heavy on the tax-payer’s money.
“Instead of favouring a security agenda at all costs, the EU should focus on respecting the human rights of migrants and refrain from fuelling xenophobic sentiments”, said Sarah Isal, ENAR Chair. “The results of the European elections have shown the dangers of tacitly encouraging negative discourses about migrants. We call on the European Commission to undertake an in-depth fundamental rights and cost-benefit impact assessment of this operation.”
© EUropean Network Against Racism
Police launch EU-wide crackdown on migrants
14/10/2014- A two-week massive EU-wide border control and police crackdown on irregular migrants was launched on Monday (13 October) by the Italian EU presiden-cy. Thousands of police officers from the 26 countries in the EU’s Schengen border-free zone will be dispatched to border crossings, railway stations, bus depots, and elsewhere in a joint-police operation called Mos Maiorum. The Schengen zone includes 22 member states as well as Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Iceland. But one unnamed Schengen country has refused to participate. Latin for "laws of the elders", Mos Maiorum’s objective is to seize and possibly deport people without proper documents in an intelligence gathering exercise which the EU presidency says is necessary to “identify, prosecute and disrupt organised crime groups.”
Police will be required to fill out colour-coded forms of those intercepted. A red form is for people caught at the external borders and a blue form for those intercepted inside the Schengen states. Details such as age, nationality, date of birth, place and time of interception, means of transport, migrant routes and asylum applications, if any, will be included. Fake documents will be seized. Police will also try to obtain information on how much money a migrant has paid to enter the EU, their final point of destination, and the names of people who may have helped them along the way. The operation was revealed when an internal EU document was leaked to press.
It follows statements made last week by Angelino Alfano, Italy’s minister of interior, when he announced an imminent end to the Italian-led naval search and rescue operation Mare Nostrum. Mare Nostrum is credited with saving over 100,000 boat migrants since the start of the year. But a separate and much smaller EU-led operation Triton will take over with a primary mandate to carry out border surveillance. The new Mos Maiorum police crackdown is co-ordinated by the central directorate for immigration and border police of the Italian ministry of interior along with the EU’s border agency Frontex. Frontex itself was quick to distance itself.
In a carefully worded statement, Frontex executive director Gil Arias Fernandez said the agency “would like to stress that it has not had any role either in the planning or in implementation of this operation.” Fernandez noted it only provides the Italians with statistics and data analysis of migratory flows. “Its [Mos Maiorum] goals and way of execution is of ‘intra-Schengen’ and ‘police co-operation’ nature, which are not within the mandate of Frontex,” he said.
Estimates suggest there is anywhere from 150,000 to 450,000 people without proper documents are in the EU. Thousands are likely to be people and families that have fled war-torn Syria and oppressive countries like Eritrea. “Only a minority come with a visa valid for entry to the European Union,” said German Green MEP Ska Keller.
Mos Maiorum’s final results will be discussed by the "Working Party on Frontiers", a special committee in the Council – representing member states – on 11 December.
© The EUobserver
Germany: Anti-Semitism was limited to Nazi period, judge says
Statement in lawsuit brought by Green Party founder against far-right journalist triggers outrage.
17/10/2014- A regional judge in Munich is embroiled in a highly charged dispute over her statement in a civil case that German anti-Semitism was limited to the Nazi period of 1933-1945, suggesting that post-Holocaust anti-Semitism is not a factor in Jew-hatred. The Munich regional judge, Petra Grönke-Müller, sparked outrage on October 8 with her courtroom assertion during a civil case that “a fiery anti-Semite is someone in Germany who talks, with conviction, in an anti-Semitic way and, with conviction, does not condemn the Third Reich and cannot view the period 1933-1945 as separate from the background of history.” The case, which goes to the heart of a modern understanding of anti-Semitism in Germany, pits a co-founder of the German Green Party, Jutta Ditfurth, against an extreme nationalistic journalist, Jürgen Elsässer. During a 3Sat television interview in April, Ditfurth called Elsässer a “fiery anti-Semite.”
In response, Elsässer wrote that she had “defamed“ him and engaged in “character assassination,” and filed a lawsuit against her. He further claimed that her accusa-tion threatened his livelihood as a journalist. In a telephone interview with The Jerusalem Post on Thursday, Ditfurth said she had called Elsässer a “fiery anti-Semite” because he worked together with anti-Semites and traffics in anti-Semitic demonstrations and organizations. She also claimed he used “many forms of disguised anti-Semitism.” She said Elsässer worked with Ken Jebsen, a former radio host who wrote: “I know who invented the Holocaust as PR.” Jebsen’s station, RBB, fired him over the criticism leveled against him for denying the Holocaust. Efforts to reach Elsässer at his publishing address in Leipzig were not successful.
German journalists and legal experts on anti-Semitism quickly weighed in on the judge’s comment. Speaking to the Post on Thursday, Nathan Gelbart, a leading Berlin attorney, said Grönke-Müller lacked an understanding about anti-Semitism, calling this “very dangerous.” He said the comment meant that “other forms of Jew-hatred” cannot be considered anti-Semitism. A telling example, he said, is when Muslims at anti-Israel demonstrations over the summer yelled “Gas the Jews.” Gelbart, who won a legal case in which a judge attempted to strictly limit the definition of anti-Semitism, said Grönke- Müller’s definition ignored anti-Semitism before and after the 12 years of National Socialism. Henryk M. Broder, a Die Welt columnist and leading German expert on anti-Semitism who testified on modern expressions of Jew-hatred at a hearing in the Bundestag, wrote in his column on Wednesday that the judge was attempting to legally restrict anti-Semitism to the Third Reich period. “That is as logical as if one would only accept a gangbang as rape,” he stated.
Uwe Habereder, a spokesman for Grönke-Müller, told the Post on Thursday that he could not comment on the matter because the case was still being heard. He said the judge’s decision will likely be issued on November 19. In 2009, Elsässer defended the annual Al-Quds Day rally in Germany, which calls each year for the destruction of Israel and attracts Hezbollah activists, supporters of the Iranian regime and neo-Nazis. Prior to the rally he wrote in his blog – with the headline “Demonstration of Islamic groups against imperialism and Zionism” – that he could not find anything anti-Semitic about the event. This year, Green Party lawmaker Volker Beck termed the rally “a hate event” that denies Israel’s existence. Germany’s domestic intelligence agency lists the Al-Quds Day event under the section of “Islamism/Islamic terror-ism.” Elsässer’s attorney, Michael Hubertus von Sprenger, did not immediately respond to email and telephone queries from the Post. Ditfurth, who is also a sociologist and known for her anti-fascism work, has posted a notice on her website seeking donations to cover her mounting legal costs.
© The Jerusalem Post
Germany: 'Neo-Nazi' magistrate quits Bavarian post
A magistrate in Bavaria resigned on Tuesday after police discovered that he was a former singer in a neo-Nazi band and had long standing links to the far-right scene.
15/10/2014- The young lawyer, who was working in a court in Lichtenfels, Upper Franconia, met the president of the higher state court in Bamberg on Tuesday and resigned. After studying in Brandenburg, the lawyer was named as a magistrate on a provisional basis by the Bavarian judiciary in November 2013. While a student, he had been under observation by the Brandenburg security services between 2003 and 2013 due to his alter ego as “Hassgesang” (“hate song”), his neo-Nazi one-man music project. Although the Brandenburg security services informed their colleagues in Bavaria of the man's change of address, they neglected to mention that he was a lawyer interested in entering public service. But a police officer noticed that his name matched that of the reported extremist when he reported a minor crime.
Bavarian interior minister Joachim Herrmann and justice minister Winfried Bausback told a state cabinet meeting on Tuesday that they now aim to introduce rules calling for a mandatory check on new magistrates, judges, prosecutors and police officers by security services in Bavaria. The plans echo the former “radical decree”, which saw all applicants for public-sector jobs investigated by until 1991. Many people were prevented from taking up jobs by the rules, which were directed at preventing Communist infiltration of the West German state. “The question is, don't we need this tool for applicants to especially security-relevant state activities, such as when someone wants to become a judge?” Bausback asked.
© The Local - Germany
Germany: Bavarian court employs far-right magistrate
A magistrate in Upper Franconia is proving an embarrassment for the Bavarian justice system after it emerged he sang in several far-right bands while a student.
14/10/2014- One of the bands the man, named only as Maik B., sang in was called “Hassgesang” - or “song of hate” - a one-man project whose lyrics included praise of Adolf Hitler. “There is no place for right-wing extremism in Bavaria or in the Bavarian justice system,” state justice minister Winfried Bausback said following the revelations. Like every would-be magistrate, Maik B. would have been asked if he was a member of any anti-constitutional organisation when he was appointed, Bausback added. If he concealed a far-right background then it would be grounds for dismissal, Bausback said. Police in Bayreuth said that they had looked into B.'s background before informing the state justice and interior ministries and there was almost no doubt that he and the singer of “Hassgesang” were one and the same.
B.'s far-right past was only spotted after he reported to police that his locker had been broken into. A sharp-eyed policeman remembered that intelligence services in the state of Brandenburg had notified their colleagues in Bavaria of an extremist of the same name changing his address to the town of Lichtenfels, Bavaria, in February. Bavarian state security services had investigated B. when he moved from one state to the other, but found that he was no longer active in the right-wing scene – and completely overlooked his taking up of a public office. The Bavarian justice system and security services have been under intense scrutiny due to their failure to properly investigate murders committed by the National Socialist Underground (NSU) far-right group. A surviving NSU member remains on trial in Munich.
© The Local - Germany
Xenophobia drops in Europe: Swedish study
A new Swedish study has found that xenophobia is decreasing around Europe, despite a rise in support for anti-immigrant political parties.
14/10/2014- The nationalist Sweden Democrats more than doubled their support in September's election, winning 12.9 percent of the country's vote. Despite this, and the fact that similar parties around Europe have enjoyed comparable successes, researchers from Umeå University say that talk of increasing xenophobia around Europe is a "misinterpretation". In a paper published on Monday, sociologists Andrea Bohman and Mikael Hjerm found that there were a variety of other factors that contributed to rising success at the polls - such as the parties being more organized and better at delivering their messages in ways that make people more comfortable voting for them. "In theory you'd expect that the presence of radical right parties would bring out anti-immigrant attitudes, but they haven't - and this was surprising," Hjerm told The Local. He added that the pair studied statistics measuring people's attitudes to immigrants, especially at the time of elections, and measuring the effect that the far-right parties had on the public.
How the Sweden Democrats went mainstream
The researchers looked at 16 European countries and various survey results from between the years of 2002 and 2012. They determined that there is no correlation between an anti-immigrant sentiment and the appearance of far-right parties on the political stage. "Our studies led us to the conclusion that political parties on the radical right don't automatically influence people's attitudes towards immigration," the researchers wrote in an article in the Dagens Nyheter newspaper on Monday. They added that such parties are just getting better at attracting voters who already sympathize with their policies. Hjerm told The Local that Swedes tended to be more tolerant than their European neighbours. "The level of anti-immigrant attitudes was much lower in Sweden than in other countries, but that's nothing new, we've known that for a long time, and we weren't interested in specific countries," he said.
As for what's likely to happen in Europe in the future:
"That's the million-dollar question," he responded. "Tolerance towards immigrants has been increasing in the 20th century and we've seen it flatline somewhat in the 21st century. But for these parties, there are more people to convince and they can definitely grow. "But they haven't been able to convince people who don't support such politics. They can only grow (at the moment) if they get a larger proportion of those with aversive attitudes to vote for them."
© The Local - Sweden
Hungarian far-right party tells Roma to conform or leave
The far-right Jobbik party took control of an industrial town in northeastern Hungary after an election campaign in which it promised to issue an ultimatum to the Roma minority - follow our rules or leave town.
13/10/2014- The town of Ozd, with 35,000 people, is the biggest prize won by Jobbik in a nationwide round of municipal elections on Sunday in which it increased the numbers of City Halls it controls from three to fourteen. The party is accused by critics of being anti-Semitic and racist. Though still a long way behind the ruling centre-right Fidesz party, in Sunday's elections it overtook the Socialists to become the second biggest opposition force. The new mayor of Ozd, 27-year-old David Janiczak, on Monday morning took a walk around the main square, receiving congratulatory handshakes from townspeople. He said he would crack down on crime and poverty on behalf of all residents, whatever their ethnic background.
Yet the programme on which Janiczak ran in the election is explicit in singling out the Roma community. The manifesto, posted on the Jobbik Internet site next to a photograph of Janiczak, states: "We think there are two ways to solve the Gypsy question...The first one is based on peaceful consent, the second on radical exclusion." "Our party wishes to offer one last chance to the destructive minority that lives here, so first it will consider peaceful consent. If that agreement fails, then and only then the radical solution can follow." The programme threatens to "chase off people who are unable to conform".
Jobbik has denied that it is racist or anti-Semitic. One of its members of parliament caused a storm of outrage when he proposed drawing up lists of Jews, but he later apologised and said he had been misunderstood. The municipal elections give clues as to what Jobbik would actually do if it ever took power nationwide. Interviewed on Monday outside his new office in City Hall, the mayor-elect of Ozd used much more measured language about the Roma than his election manifesto. "Conditions are horrid on the outskirts of town where most Roma live," Janiczak told Reuters. "This is not only the Roma's fault but the leaders who wanted nothing from them but their vote - locally as well as nationally." "We need to create jobs and enforce order for Roma and Hungarians alike. The voters trust we will do that."
He said he would revamp public safety using civilian law enforcement volunteers and jump start the local economy through projects including animal husbandry and growing crops in greenhouses on land around the city. In Ozd, unemployment is endemic. Around a quarter of the city's population are Roma, and most of them live in dire poverty, receive state welfare payments, and have frequent run-ins with the police. Conditions are so bad that for the Roma community, fear about the persecution Jobbik might bring is mixed with hope that a radical new party might finally do something to improve their lot where all others have failed. "Like most Roma we are afraid what might happen to us, because the news was always that some people wanted us dead and they would ship us off in trains like Hitler did with the Jews," one local woman, Szilvia Orosz, told Reuters.
She was speaking in the centre of one of the town's toughest Roma slums, which has no water or sewer system. "But if this kid Janiczak can act the way he talks about work, honour and peace, and gives us long-term employment, then there won't be racial discrimination." However, many of the people who voted for a Jobbik mayor said they did so at least in part because Jobbik had promised to tackle what the party describes as "Gypsy crime". Mihaly Balo, a 70-year-old pensioner, said he did not believe Jobbik would persecute the Roma community. But he said: "In the 1970's I walked from one end of the city to the other at midnight, no problem. I wouldn't dare do that today... The problem is with not all Gypsies, but some of them."
© The Irish Independent
Hungary's Fidesz widely dominates voting
Prime Minister Viktor Orban's Fidesz party has been declared the clear winner in nationwide municipal elections.
13/10/2014- The party's candidates won the mayor's post in the capital, Budapest, and in 20 of Hungary's 23 largest cities. Speaking to supporters after preliminary results were announced on Sunday, Orban vowed to "make Hungary great" and boasted of winning elections for the third time this year, after victories in the national elections and for the European Parliament. The far-right Jobbik, trying to distance itself from earlier anti-Roma and racist statements, finished mostly far behind Fidesz but ahead of the left-wing opposition in most rural areas. Jobbik won in nine smaller cities, up from three in 2010. The splintered left-wing opposition, led by the Socialist Party, was projected to win five of Budapest's 23 districts, at least two more than four years ago. With 83 per cent of the votes counted, turnout was about 42 per cent, 4 percentage points less than in 2010.
Orban won re-election in April when Fidesz secured a new two-thirds parliamentary majority. A July speech expressing his desire to turn Hungary into an "illiberal state" sparked international criticism. Western nations are alarmed at the way Orban has been trying to consolidate power, including cracking down on rights groups. However, he has defended his stance against a range of causes, from women's and gay rights to media freedom and anti-corruption campaigns. In his July speech, he called them "paid political activists attempting to assert foreign interests".
© The Australian
Netherlands: Government opposes special refugee ruling for army interpreters
15/10/2014- The cabinet has decided there is to be no new ruling to protect foreigners who act as interpreters for the Dutch army on foreign missions, despite opposition calls for action. MPs on Tuesday night debate the safety of interpreters in light of the case of Abdul Ghafoor Ahmadzai. He worked for the Dutch army in Uruzgan and first fled to Norway in 2010 after his brother was murdered. He came to the Netherlands when his asylum claim there was rejected. Junior justice minister Fred Teeven had planned to deport Ahmazai to Norway, where he faced being returned to Afghanistan but has now relented and told the immigration services to investigate his case.
Opposition MPs had called on the government to come up with proper rules to cover interpreters but Labour MPs said this is unnecessary. Defence minister Jeanine Hennis told MPs during the debate interpreters and other locals who work for Dutch missions are not abandoned. ‘They deserve full support,’ she said. There are, she said, sufficient options to protect interpreters. Military chiefs can request protection – which may lead to refugee status – and interpreters can request it themselves, although many are not aware of this option. Around 120 locals worked for the Dutch as interpreters in Uruzgan between 2006 and 2010.
© The Dutch News
Netherlands: CoE- End 'legal limbo' for immigrants who can't go home
14/10/2014- Illegal immigrants in the Netherlands are in a legal limbo and urgent action needs to be taken to end the impasse, the Council of Europe’s high commissio-ner for human rights said on Tuesday. Nils Muiznieks said in a new report by the Strasburg-based body that if it is impossible or extremely difficult for people to return to their country of origin, they must be allowed to remain in the Netherlands. A large number of undocumented immigrants live in poverty on the streets or in camps without access to emergency provisions. ‘This situation must be dealt with urgently, because anyone, regardless of the residence status, has the right to an adequate standard of living, including food, clothing and shelter,’ Muiznieks said. Several hundred failed asylum seekers are currently squatting and living in temporary accommodation in Amsterdam.
‘The Netherlands has a solid human rights protection system, but in practice there are shortcomings that need to be addressed, in particular in the case of migrants and children,’ the commissioner said. The commissioner said he welcomed moves to give residency rights to people who cannot return to their country of origin and the amnesty for child refugees, introduced for youngsters who have put down roots in the Netherlands. Nevertheless ‘a humane and human-rights compliant approach is needed,’ he said. ‘Where return is impossible or particularly difficult, the relevant person should be authorised to stay in the Netherlands.’
The council’s social rights committee said last year the Netherlands must continue to provide failed asylum seekers with food, clothing and a roof over their heads. The Netherlands has a policy of evicting failed asylum seekers from refugee centres if they refuse to cooperate with their deportation. Refugee organisation Vluchtelingen-werk estimates some 5,000 would-be refugees are put on the street every year.
© The Dutch News
Dutch abandon 'black Pete' Saint Nicholas tradition over racism row
16/10/2014- Black Pete, the jolly sidekick of the Dutch Saint Nicholas, is finally getting a facelift after years of bitter debate including death threats against those calling for change. An Amsterdam court's ruling in July that Pete - traditionally dressed in a gaudy medieval costume with a blackened face, red lips and an afro wig - is a 'negative stereotype' encouraged many to try to change the deeply rooted custom. 'It's the beginning of change, it will continue for years to come because more and more people agree it should change but it's going to take a long time,' said historian Gabor Kozijn, author of a study on Black Pete for the Dutch Centre for Intangible Cultural Heritage. With less than two months before Dutch kids' favourite day, December 5, when Saint Nicholas and Pete hand out presents, the debate has reached fever pitch, with Black Pete's defenders refusing to admit there is anything racist about the playful character.
In Gouda, where Saint Nicholas and dozens of Petes will 'arrive' on November 15 with a gift-filled boat from Spain in a national event broadcast live on television, the mayor on Tuesday decided to introduce some new colours. Besides a number of Black Petes, there will also be 'Cheese Petes' with yellow faces and 'Stroopwafel Petes' with striped, light brown faces resembling the traditional Dutch syrup biscuit of the same name. 'There is no simple way to find a solution that everyone can identify with,' said Gouda Mayor Milo Schoenmaker. Gouda's Black Petes 'changed several years ago to dark brown without stereotypical big red lips and earrings,' the city hall added. Amsterdam Mayor Eberhard van der Laan has said that a 'substantial' number of this year's Petes will not be black but will have some 'soot marks' on their faces, ostensibly from climbing down the chimney. And a White Pete will for the first time be present during a daily televised 'news bulletin' on Saint Nicholas's activities.
Dutch shops will have fewer Black Petes this year, although discount retail chain Hema in August denied rumours that it planned to remove him entirely by next year. Customers at supermarket Albert Heijn will have different coloured Petes to choose from, including black: 'Saint Nicholas is for everyone,' the chain said in a state-ment. Despite compromising on Black Pete, the two chains are being threatened with boycotts. Many people in The Netherlands do not want to see the national tradition changed because what they consider a minority of people see it as racist. Last year's debate about Pete's skin colour was particularly heated amid a UN rights probe of the matter. The UN working group released its findings in July, concluding that Black Pete is indeed a racist figure and that many Dutch did not recognise him as a throwback to colonial times and slavery.
This year, Dutch celebrities who called on Facebook for a 'Pete makeover' have received death threats. After investigative journalist Peter R. de Vries entered the debate on Facebook he received an email saying: 'If I meet you you'll get a bullet through your head.' A 'Pietitie' (Pete-ition) on Facebook calling for action against changing Black Pete's face has more than two million likes, in a country of 17 million. Populist Geert Wilders, who heads the anti-immigration PVV party, tweeted: 'Black Pete must stay black!' 'What children want is presents. Whether the person who hands them out is Black or White Pete, a woman, yellow or bald is of no importance,' actor and presenter Paul de Leeuw said on Facebook. 'It's a popular family event, celebrated by millions of people who want their kids to experience what they experienced as children: it's more of an emotional than a rational debate,' historian Kozijn told AFP. Even if it is the beginning of the end for Black Pete, Kozijn said the character will be around for a while yet. 'If the average life expectancy of children who now know Black Pete is 80, then he will in any case remain a figure that people know,' he said.
© The Daily Mail.
Netherlands: Albert Heijn supermarkets hit back at Zwarte Piet row with poem
13/10/2014- Supermarket chain Albert Heijn published a poem in all the main national newspapers on Monday in response to the row about its decision to phase out the use of ‘black face’ Zwarte Piet characters. Last week, the Dutch market leader said Zwarte Piet, played by white people in blackface make-up, will not be used in advertising either in the media or in the stores themselves in the run up to the Sinterklaas celebrations. ‘We have customers from all walks of life and are taking every sentiment into account,’ a spokesman told broadcaster Nos. ‘Sinterklaas is a fun celebration for everyone and we are taking that into account.’
The news prompted calls for a boycott of the company and analysts said there would be a knock-on effect on sales. In the six-line poem, Albert Heijn says that reports that Piet has been banned from its stores are ‘absolutely not true’ and that Piet will ‘be on the shelves like every year’. ‘We think you are fabulous in black and other colours, but let everyone in the Netherlands make their own choice’, the poem concludes. Poems poking fun at people or scoring points are a traditional part of the Sinterklaas festivities.
© The Dutch News
Russia: Moscow Tear Gas Attack Shows Rise of Anti-Semitism in Putin Era
Rosh Hashanah Battle Points to Disturbing Trend.
By David E. Fishman
12/10/2014- On the second night of Rosh Hashanah, a group of five or six men disrupted a Jewish concert in the Great Hall of Moscow’s International Music House with a tear gas attack. A half-hour into the program, the men, who were seated in the first row, began shouting menacing insults at rock star Andrey Makarevich, the featured performer of the evening, and hurled canisters of pepper gas into the hall, forcing the audience of 400 to evacuate the building teary-eyed and coughing. To the Russian Jewish Congress, a major national Jewish organization, this was a clear anti-Semitic attack. In a statement after the onslaught, the group condemned the incident as a desecration of the Jewish holiday, which many members of Russia’s largely nonreligious Jewish population celebrate through cultural rather than religious observance. The use of gas against Jews was especially hurtful, the RJC said, conjuring up painful memories of the Holocaust.
But state-controlled Russian TV networks presented things otherwise. NTV, for example, described the attack as a legitimate expression of outrage at Makarevich “for his friendship and support of the fascist junta in Ukraine,” where pro-Russian rebels, with Russian military aid, are battling government forces. Television and the mainstream Russian press coverage have made no mention of the Jewish nature of the occasion (Rosh Hashanah), the concert program (“Yiddish Jazz”) or the makeup of the audience. In the media’s reading, the incident had nothing to do with anti-Semitism; it was all about Makarevich’s politics.
The truth lies somewhere in between, but closer to the RJC position than to that of NTV. Over the past year or two, Makarevich, lead singer of the iconic Russian rock band Time Machine (Mashina Vremeny), has been on two journeys. One has been an exploration of his Jewish roots: His mother is Jewish and reportedly lives in Israel, while his father is Belarusian. That journey took him to the American Yiddish swing music of the 1920s and ’30s, to songs such as “Bay Mir Bistu Sheyn,” made famous in America by the Barry Sisters. He produced a CD of “Yiddish Jazz,” which brought Yiddish music (sung mainly in English and Russian translation) into the mainstream of Russian popular culture.
The other journey has been Makarevich’s increasingly vociferous condemnation of the Putin regime and of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. He has marched in protest rallies in Moscow and traveled to Ukraine to perform, and his latest song is called “My Country Has Gone Insane.” (“My country has gone insane, / and there’s nothing I can do to help. / What should you do, how should you live, / if everything is topsy-turvy? / You don’t have to grow the wings of an angel; / just don’t be a shit. I’m sure of one thing: / it’s time to choose. / I’ve decided not to be a shit / and to live and die with a clear conscience.”)
Makarevich hasn’t connected his Jewish and dissident journeys, other than to say that he wants to be a more open person. But the xenophobic Russian extreme right, which the authorities have elevated to a legitimate position on the political spectrum, has connected the dots. For them, Makarevich represents an age-old paradigm: the treacherous kike. At a protest demonstration in the spring, a right-wing heckler shouted out at him, “Look at Andrey, the zhid has sold himself to Bandera.” That was a reference to Stepan Bandera, leader of the ultra-nationist Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists during World War II.
A group called the National Bolshevik Party took credit for the attack on his Rosh Hashanah concert. The assailants — who called out “Makarevich is a traitor of the homeland” in deep menacing voices for a full minute before hurling their tear gas canisters — didn’t shout anti-Semitic slogans. But the National Bolsheviks have a long-documented history of anti-Semitism. And ethnically Russian performers have not been vilified, nor have they had their concerts disrupted. Makarevich is not alone; there are several activists of Jewish heritage in the Anti-War/Anti-Putin Movement, which attracted 30,000 to a protest march in September. Several were targeted in the recent propaganda film “The Junta’s Thirteen Friends,” which aired on NTV. At least five of those featured were Jewish in a country where Jews constitute an estimated 0.25% of the population. The film is a classic Soviet hatchet job, a genre now making a revival in Russia. In it, ominous background music accompanies secretly filmed videos and unrelenting character assassination. Among the Jews accused of treason, fascism and acting as paid agents of the Ukrainian junta were Makarevich, journalist Viktor Shenderovich, author Dmitryi Bykov and economist Stanislav Belkovsky.
But when the film came to activist Mark Galperin, who has helped organize several recent protests in downtown Moscow, it went out of its way to point out his Jewishness. Galperin himself has shown no particular interest in Jewish affairs or his Jewish identity, but he did write a Facebook post a year and a half ago, calling upon Jews not to work for the Putin regime or to receive honors from it. The film lashed out at him for his “unpatriotic” appeal. It then quoted a non-Jewish “expert” commentator: “Galperin is a disgrace to the Jewish people. We’ve seen many times in history how provocateurs like Galperin have been the catalysts and stimulators of the terrible phenomenon of anti-Semitism.” So here we are again: Jews are “the catalysts and stimulators” of anti-Semitism. The charge was a not-so veiled warning by the state-controlled propaganda machine: Jews should be quiet and not join the protests, or they will face an anti-Semitic backlash.
The emotional statement issued by the Russian Jewish Congress after the Makarevich concert suggests the organization is worried that the backlash has begun, and that it will grow if it isn’t nipped in the bud. Meanwhile, the other major Jewish umbrella organization, the Chabad-led Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia, known by the Russian acronym, FEOR, did not react to the tear gas attack. The federation has been a loyal ally of the Putin regime and presumably didn’t want to appear to be defending a Jewish “Fascist and Banderist,” even against a tear gas attack while playing apolitical Yiddish music. In other words, FEOR decided to heed the propaganda film’s advice. (A third major group, the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress, issued a condemnation of the attack, without the RJC’s rhetorical flourishes.)
In September I tried to console a colleague of mine in St. Petersburg who complained in a Skype conversation about the “difficult moral and psychological conditions” under which he and other intellectuals are living: “Come on,” I said to him. “You lived through Soviet times, you should be used to this kind of stuff.” He replied: “This time it’s much more aggressive. And it’s not just talk.” The next day, an unknown assailant splattered a bucket of green disinfectant on Galperin, when he left his home on his way to a demonstration. Galperin attended the protest covered in green gook from head to toe. The police have not apprehended Galperin’s or Makarevich’s assailants. Don’t hold your breath.
Just a few weeks ago, I sent Jewish New Year greetings by email to another colleague in St. Petersburg. I wrote to him in Russian, but he responded in Hebrew — which surprised me, since we usually corresponded in Russian. But it dawned on me as I read on that his choice of language was intentional. The chances that the Russian security services would bother to scan Hebrew-language email messages were lower. “All my hopes for the future of my beloved country have been crushed,” he wrote. Then he quoted a poem by Chaim Nachman Bialik: “Now my well is like a wound; it only drips sometimes. And my heart smokes in secret, rolled in dust and blood.” That sums up the mood of many. There is a war going on in Ukraine. And Jews face difficulties there as well. But friends tell me that the line in front of the Israeli Consulate is much longer in Moscow than in Kiev.
David E. Fishman is professor of Jewish history at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. He directs JTS’s program in the former Soviet Union, Project Judaica.
© The Forward
Italy: Rome Mayor Denounces 'Vulgar' Tribute to Nazi War Criminal Erich Priebke
Killer Died at 100 Exactly One Year Ago
12/10/2014- The mayor of Rome condemned a public commemoration in the city for the late Nazi war criminal Erich Priebke. Ignazio Marino called Saturday’s event downtown a “vulgar provocation” that “wounds the entire civic community and represents a real slap in the face to the city of Rome, which played a fundamental role in the Italian Resistance.” Renzo Gattegna, the president of the Union of Italian Jewish Communities, thanked the mayor and called on all civic authorities to be vigilant against any similar episodes. At the commemoration, which was organized by Priebke’s lawyer to mark the first anniversary of Priebke’s death at the age of 100, an improvised Mass was celebrated at a makeshift altar made of flowers and placards set up against a lamppost on the Sant’Angelo Bridge. Posters reading “Ciao Captain” — Priebke was a Nazi SS captain — were plastered on some walls in Rome. Priebke died on Oct. 11, 2013 while serving a life sentence under house arrest for his role in the 1944 massacre of 335 Romans, about 75 of them Jews, in the Ardeatine Caves south of Rome.
© The Forward
Italy's mayors go to the barricades to defend same-sex marriages
Italian cities are leading a rebellion against the state over its hard-line stance on gay marriage.
12/10/2014- The mayors of Rome, Milan, Bologna and Naples are openly defying an order by the coalition government's right-wing Minister of the Interior, Angelino Alfano, to remove from city registers any gay and lesbian unions performed abroad. Italy is the last major Western nation not to allow even civil partnerships for gays and lesbians. As a result, hundreds of same-sex couples have travelled to the US or other EU countries to tie the knot. Mr Alfano says that the inclusion of same-sex couples on marriage registers contravenes Italian law. The minister insists he is trying to protect the traditional family but the edict has sparked a major backlash as campaigners, centre-left politicians and even some on the centre-right say that Mr Alfano and the state are desperately out of touch with the rest of Europe.
Corriere Della Sera reported last week that, among centre-right voters, eight out of 10 now support the introduction of civil partnerships and Rome's mayor, Ignazio Marino, dismissed the diktat, saying he would continue to register same-sex couples. "Anyone looking today for conflict over love probably lives in the wrong century," Mr Marino told a gathering on Rome's Capitoline Hill. "I believe that a discussion of this type in 2014 on any civil union reflects the feelings and visions of the 1900s." Last Friday, Giuliano Pisapia, the left-wing mayor of Milan, in effect stuck two fingers up at the Interior Minister by declaring that he had just "personally signed, as an official of the civil state, the transcription of seven marriages of persons of the same sex who were married abroad". Such registrations, while largely symbolic, do allow gay couples equal access to municipal benefits.
Hours after Mr Pisapia's declaration, police arrived at Bologna's town hall to seize the city's register, which contains the names of four same-sex couples married abroad. But Bologna's mayor, Virginio Merola, was defiant. "I will not annul the registrations," he told reporters. "Italian cities, and in particular Bologna, wish to be part of Europe and not have first- and second-class citizens."
© The Independent
Czech Rep: Government to compensate forced sterilization victims by 2015
17/10/2014- The Czech government is planning to compensate victims of forced sterilization by 2015, the news agency ČTK reported quoting the government’s response to the UN Committee for Human Rights. The cabinet says it will next year put forward legislation that should comprehensively address compensation and other claims of the victims towards the state. In 2004, several dozen mainly Romany women approached the authorities with complaints there were forcibly sterilized. The government apologized to the victims in 2007 but the issue of compensation has not since been resolved. The UN committee has repeatedly criticized the Czech Republic for its failure to compensate the women as well as other issues including the wide-spread discrimination and segregation of Romanies.
© Radio Prague
ERTF reproaches Czech Republic for being too restrained in combating racism
The European Roma and Travellers Forum (ERTF) is reproaching several European states, the Czech Republic included, for their "restraint" in combating anti-Romani racism and improving everyday life for Romani people. Agence France-Presse reports that the ERTF named the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and four other countries in a report published yesterday as examples.
11/10/2014- "The situation of Romani people is no better today than it was 40 years ago. In some aspects it is even worse," says the organization, which is headquarter-ed in Strasbourg and has a partnership agreement with the Council of Europe. The ERTF is complaining that many recommendations about Roma issued by the Council of Europe to its member states have not been implemented. "What is even more serious is the restraint of certain member states when it comes to implementing legally binding judgments," issued, for example, by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), the ERTF report complains. "There is a lack of political will - most countries do not consider the Romani issue a priority, or they say they don't have enough money to improve the situation," the ERTF says. The report points to persistently "high levels of intolerance" or even "racism" toward Romani people, whom politicians frequently use as "scapegoats".
The ERTF report says the situation is "problematic in each of the 47 Council of Europe countries". However, the group believes it is especially disturbing in six countries: the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Macedonia, Romania and Slovakia. Agence France-Presse reports that the ERTF is reproaching the Czech Republic for the "segregation" of Romani children in the schools. The report recalls that Prague was found responsible for the practice by the ECtHR in 2007, but says "nothing has changed since then." The ERTF says the same problem exists in Slovakia. Roma there are reportedly also treated unequally when it comes to housing conditions.