NEWS - Archive May 2014

Headlines 30 May, 2014

Tariq Ramadan: Belgium may be lying about museum shootings

30/6/2014- Islamic scholar Tariq Ramadan wrote on Facebook that Belgian officials may be part of a conspiracy to falsely present the Brussels Jewish museum shootings as anti-Semitic. Tariq Ramadan, a Geneva-based lecturer on contemporary Islamic issues at Oxford University in Britain, speculated on Tuesday that the slaying of four people last week at the Jewish Museum of Belgium was a deliberate attack on Israeli secret agents. Ramadan was for a time banned from entering the United States because of financial contributions he made to Hamas front organizations. Ramadan denied knowing that the charities were Hamas fronts, and the ban has been removed. “The two tourists targeted in Brussels worked for the Israeli secret services,” Ramadan wrote, citing media reports. “The [Belgian] government does not comment,” Ramadan wrote. “Coincidence. Is this a case of anti-Semitism or a maneuver to divert attention from the real motives of the executioners? We oppose all slaying of innocents and racism but at the same time, it’s time they stopped taking us for fools.”

An unidentified shooter killed two Israeli tourists, Emmanuel and Mira Riva, and two museum staffers, Alexandre Strens and Dominique Sabrier. Belgian Interior Minister Joelle Milquet and French President Francois Hollande said they believed the attack was anti-Semitic. On Monday, the Israeli daily Haaretz published an analysis on the shooting titled “The Brussels Jewish museum shooting: score-settling or coincidence?” In it, columnist Amir Oren wrote that the two Israelis were former government employees. Emmanuel Riva worked as an accountant for the Ministry of Finance and Nativ, a government body that facilitates immigration from the former Soviet Union. His wife worked as an accountant for the Israeli Prime Minister’s Office. Oren suggested Mira Riva’s real employer was the Mossad, although another Israeli journalist known for his deep sources in the intelligence establishment, Yossi Melman, wrote in the Jerusalem Post that such a conclusion was purely speculative.

Oren wrote that “there was no reason for a hostile country like Iran or an enemy organization like Hezbollah to target either Riva in Brussels,” but added: “Still, perhaps the murder in Brussels was no ‘hate crime’ or ‘anti-Semitic attack’ but a deliberate assassination. This possible hypothesis is supported by the documentation of the killer’s actions. The cameras recorded what seems like professional score-settling.” The footage shows a man removing an automatic rifle from a bag, entering the museum with it and then fleeing the scene on foot. On Thursday, the United Nations Security Council issued a condemnation of the shootings, saying that the council’s 15 member states “strongly condemned all forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, especially against an institution whose mission has always been to promote openness and tolerance.” Following the attack, Antwerp police deployed a force of 200 police with automatic rifles around Jewish institutions, the Jewish Joods Actueel news site reported. Local Jews on Thursday offered kosher cakes to some of the officers.
JTA News


Concerns Linger About Sexual Minority Rights in Georgia

Following last year’s rampage by conservatives targeting LGBT activists intent on marking 17 May as the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHOT), the Georgian Orthodox Church this year instead declared the day as one celebrating family unity. And while civil society did not take the attempt to hijack IDAHOT lying down, some are concerned that this is just the start

30/5/2014- In yet another blow to gay rights in Georgia, there was no marking of the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHOT) in Tbilisi this year. In a statement released by IDENTOBA, an NGO working on LGBT issues in the country, the environment was considered too dangerous to hold any events following the violence that erupted a year earlier. Instead, in what activists saw as an implied threat of additional violence and confrontation, the Georgian Orthodox Church declared 17 May to be the “Day of Families and Parents.” “Unfortunately, LGBT activists are unable to organise or plan any counter protest to this absurd situation due to security reasons and state’s inability to ensure their safety,” IDENTOBA’s statement read. “Until now, neither we, nor other human rights actors, have been able to meet with the representatives of the police to discuss security concerns for that day. It is expected that not only the streets of Tbilisi will be dangerous for LGBT individuals […]” Meanwhile, the premier of a gay comedy film made in Georgia originally planned for the same day as IDAHOT was postponed. “We took the very painful and adverse decision not to present ‘We Are Mad’ on May 17, 2014,” Democracy & Freedom Watch quoted the director, Otar MIkeladze, as saying. “The premiere will be held when Georgia becomes an European country.”

National values
In neighbouring Azerbaijan, the situation was different with the Nefes Azerbaijan Alliance holding a LGBT ‘rainbow flag’ flashmob, although the head of the nationalist Karabakh Liberation Organisation, Akif Tagi, did accuse the group, as well as the Embassy of the Netherlands, of ‘enmity’ against the country. Meanwhile, In Armenia, leading LGBT organisation PINK Armenia held no events, but did issue a statement alleging ‘state sponsored intolerance and discrimination.’ However, the situation in Georgia is of most concern especially with the signing of its EU Association Agreement set for 27 June.

The counter-event, announced by Georgian Patriarch Ilia II and attended by many hundreds of believers, was also used to protest the recent passage of anti-discrimination legislation required as part of Georgia’s Visa Liberalisation Action Plan with the European Union. Ironically, gay rights activists already consider the law, which was adopted on 2 May and came into effect five days later, as watered down in its second reading following criticism from the Church. "The legalisation of illegality is a very serious sin,” the Patriarch declared. “There are issues which can not be allowed.”

A petition to call for the removal of references to sexual orientation and gender identity in the law was also launched on 17 May, something that could resonate positively among a large number of Georgians. According to the results of an opinion poll released by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) earlier this month, while 73 and 79 percent of respondents said that they believed the protection of religious and ethnic minority rights was important, only 24 percent said the same for sexual minorities. And in a survey held by the Caucasus Research Resource Centers (CRRC) following the violence on 17 May last year, 50 percent of respondents felt “physical violence can be acceptable towards those people or groups who endanger national values.” Only 46 percent disagreed, with 57 percent believing that a “successful, peaceful celebration of IDAHOT would have endangered Georgia.”

The invisibles
But if the Church’s influence in a highly traditional society appears to have achieved its aim, civil society did not shy away from counter-actions. The next day, for example, 100 pairs of shoes appeared on the street adjacent to Tbilisi’s Freedom Square ‘on behalf of the invisible and against invisibility.’ “Today, these empty shoes stand instead of those humans, who dared, one year ago, to stand up against the invisibility of one social group, the LGBTQ community, those who tried to unmask how merciless we are […],” the organisers of the action wrote. “This is a protest for the invisible and against invisibility. Despite that fact that we couldn’t yet manage to recognise and appreciate each other, we still exist, with our desire to speak […]. Turning a blind eye and covering our ears won’t erase our existence, won’t smooth over our wounds, and won’t take away our ability to feel empathy and love.” And on 19 May, in a flashmob staged in the early hours of the morning, steps next to the Freedom Square metro station were painted in the colours of the LGBT rainbow flag while posters appeared throughout the city. “I am here against homophobia,” they read. “I cannot find a reason to justify your hatred.”

But despite the ‘hit and run’ tactics to protest homophobia in society, the trend remains negative. Just days before IDAHOT, the manager of the gay-friendly ‘Cafe Gallery’ posted an update on Facebook alleging that police had visited the venue’s premises to demand the names, addresses, and phone numbers of staff members who were members of Tbilisi’s LGBT community. Meanwhile, on IDAHOT itself, at the demonstration organised by the Church, believers openly accused and displayed aggression towards anyone they suspected on appearance alone of being gay or even ‘different.’ As evidence of the hysteria emerging among some traditionally minded Georgians, a scuffle even erupted between two homophobic males who accused each other of being homosexual.

In such an environment, IDENTOBA’s Irakli Vacharadze sees new threats emerging in the future if the government does not adequately respond to the potential dangers now. “The church is flexing its muscles and sees the anti-discrimination law as taking away their right to freely attack minorities,” he told Osservatorio. “The danger is that this rhetoric could give birth to independent — even Neo-Nazi — groups that the church can’t control. We have already seen anti-immigrant groups emerge, but that could be just the beginning. The worst might yet be to come.” And this could prove to be a major obstacle to the country’s gradual integration with Europe.

“It should be understood that the issue is not about so-called propaganda for a certain lifestyle but about ensuring basic rights to all human beings,” Thomas Hammarberg, EU Special Adviser on Constitutional and Legal Reform and Human Rights in Georgia, wrote in a September 2013 report. But civil society activists such as Vacharadze argue that the government is still not ready to tackle this issue in earnest. The rainbow flag painted on the steps close to the Liberty Square metro station is another example of that. A week after it appeared, it was removed in what ostensibly appeared to be construction work. IDENTOBA, along with many Georgian Facebook users, remain unconvinced.
Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso


Asylum applicants in Hungary are frequently detained with no effective judicial review

30/5/2014- In Hungary, asylum seekers lodging an application for international protection for the first time are frequently detained, an information note published today by the Hungarian Helsinki Committee (HHC) shows. HHC found that in the beginning of April 2014, over 40% of adult male first-time asylum seekers were detained in asylum detention, which is a maximum 6-month long detention regime in place since July 2013. According to the HHC, alternatives to asylum detention that exist in Hungarian law are only applied on an exceptional basis. Also, decisions ordering and upholding asylum detention lack individualised reasoning with regard to the lawfulness and proportionality of detention, and fail to consider the individual circumstances, including vulnerabilities, of the person concerned. Furthermore, according to HHC the automatic judicial review of asylum detention is clearly ineffective, as it lacks individualised decision making and hardly ever results in the release of the asylum seeker.

The HHC highlights that despite being forbidden by Hungarian law, there are indications that unaccompanied asylum seeking children are detained for long periods together with adult detainees, due to the lack of proper state-funded age assessment mechanisms. The report further notes that detention centres are ill-equipped to accommodate vulnerable persons. The information note includes the situation of asylum seekers under the Dublin III Regulation. Asylum seekers returned to Hungary under the Dublin procedure whose asylum applications had been rejected at the first instance in Hungary have no access to an effective remedy to challenge the negative decision once they are returned to Hungary.
Detailed and up-to-date information regarding the Hungarian asylum system, including the asylum procedure and reception and detention conditions, is available in the AIDA Country Report on Hungary, which is compiled by the HHC and published by ECRE.
The European Council on Refugees and Exiles


Italian-Jewish group files complaint against TV show for hosting fascist

30/5/2014- Italy’s Jewish community is taking legal action against a television talk show for running an interview this week with a right-wing extremist who extolled fascism. Renzo Gattegna, president of the Union of Italian Jewish Communities, or UCEI, said in a statement that the group had lodged a formal legal complaint against the talk show, Le Iene, and also against Roberto Jonghi Lavarin of the far-right National Project movement. Le Iene ran the interview with Lavarini late Wednesday night, calling him a “European Fascist.” Among other things, Lavarini praised the regime of Italy’s World War II fascist dictator Benito Mussolini as “a splendid era” during which, “aside from some healthy beatings with a truncheon and a few little drinks of castor oil, nothing ever happened.”

In his view, he said, Mussolini’s “only mistake was to be too good to his political opponents.” The six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust, he said, died because the Nazis were “precise” and “well organized.” In addition, he said there was an air of “secret services, lobbies and international interests” around last week’s attack in Brussels on the Jewish Museum of Belgium, which left four dead. In his statement, the UCEI’s Gattegna said that in the face of these and other comments, Italian Jews had to take firm action. “To react,” he said, “by taking before the judiciary not only those who spread anti-Semitic hatred and glorification of fascism and Nazism, but also whoever, in order to increase visibility and to arouse feeling, cynically takes advantage of delusions and ramblings by irresponsibly spreading these words.”

The producer of Le Iene rejected this criticism, saying that the program had been doing its job in showing what right-wing extremists actually believe, following far-right success in recent European elections in some countries. “If someone wants to take us to court for doing our job well, then we will defend ourselves,” the producer told the Adnkronos news agency.
JTA News


The rise of Swedish fascism

Right-wing parties are on the rise across Europe, and Sweden is no exception. The far-right and populist Sverigedemokraterna (the Sweden Democrats) now have representatives in both the Swedish and European parliaments, and their popularity shows no signs of waning as September's general election fast approaches.

30/5/2014- The Nordic countries have always been presented as a fair, open-minded, and, in many cases, idyllic group of lands, with their unwavering belief in a strong welfare state and continual promotion of gender equality. Each nation boasts high-quality universal healthcare and an excellent education system that are readily available to all of their citizens, whilst, collectively, they arguably lead the way with regards to parental leave and childcare. However, beneath the apparent fairness of the Nordic Model hides another side of the story, one of darkness and hate that seems at odds with the Nordic countries’ reputation for tolerance and good-will, and one that is piercing the heart of Sweden in particular.

Right-wing parties are on the rise in Europe, and Sweden is no exception. In the country’s last general election, in 2010, 55.02 per cent of the electorate cast their votes for right-wing parties, the highest percentage since 1928. Moderaterna (the Moderate Party), who ousted Socialdemokraterna (the Social Democrats) from power after twelve years in charge in 2006, increased their percentage of the popular vote to 30.06 per cent, an increase of 3.83 per cent from the 2006 general election. As a result, The Alliance, the coalition that they head, became the first Swedish right-wing government since 1908 to be reelected after a term in charge.

The 2010 general election also saw the far-right and populist party Sverigedemokraterna (the Sweden Democrats) win 339,610 of the nearly 6,000,000 votes cast, a huge 263,310 more than they had achieved just eight years before. The party’s strong showing has allowed them to enter parliament for the first time in their history, and they currently occupy twenty seats in the Riksdag, the Swedish parliament. Further to this, the Sweden Democrats have recently joined eight other parties in representing Sweden in the European parliament after success in this year’s European elections, in which they took home 9.9 per cent of the votes to gain two seats.

Far-right groups have been a consistent presence in the Swedish political underground since the early 1920s, with their high point coming in the municipal elections of 1934, when around eighty council members of Svenska nationalsocialistiska partiet (the Swedish National Socialist Party) were elected across the country. After a long period of mainstream political inactivity in the wake of the Second World War, neo-fascism grew stronger in the 1980s, culminating in the emergence of several new neo-Nazi organisations in the 1990s. The most notable of these groups was Nationalsocialistik Front (the National Socialist Front), who were replaced by the currently active Svenskarnas Parti (the Party of the Swedes) in 2009. The Party of the Swedes’ political program states that “only people who belong to the western genetic and cultural heritage, where ethnic Swedes are included, should be Swedish citizens”, as well as their belief that “all policy decisions should be based on what is best for the interests of the ethnic Swedes”. After winning 2.8 per cent of the vote in the 2010 municipality elections, the party currently occupies one of the seats in Grästorp Municipality.

The Party of the Swedes’ victory in Grästorp can be seen as a sign of the far-right’s re-emergence in mainstream Swedish politics, as is the 15.84 per cent of the vote that the Sweden Democrats won in Sjöbo in the 2010 general election. While neo-Nazi and white power skinhead gangs are fighting on the streets, far-right groups in suits have begun infiltrating the Swedish parliament, municipal governments and county councils via democratic means, and their prominence is predicted to rise.

In December of last year, the neo-Nazi group Svenska Motståndsrörelsen (the Swedish Resistance Movement) clashed with anti-fascist protestors in Kärrtorp, a suburb of Stockholm, where the militant and ultra-violent group have been protesting vehemently, painting swastikas on buildings and assaulting those that they consider their “enemies”. They are led by Klas Lund – a former member of Vitt Ariskt Motstånd (White Aryan Resistance), a similar militant neo-Nazi group that were active in Sweden between 1991 and 1993 – and the party were implicated in many serious crimes across Sweden in the 1990s, including the high profile murders of two police officers in Malexander in 1999. Current members of the Swedish Resistance Movement are also former members of the aforementioned National Socialist Front, who themselves have ties with the Party of the Swedes. The Swedish Resistance Movement’s influence has spread to both Norway and Finland, where Suomen Vastarintaliike (the Finnish Resistance Movement) and Den Norske Motstandsbevegelsen (the Norwegian Resistance Movement) are now in existence.

One of the most worrying aspects of the rise of the far-right in Sweden is the increasing prominence of young men in neo-Nazi groups like the Swedish Resistance Movement. A review conducted by the Swedish daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter claimed that nearly half of the twenty-four members of the organisation that were arrested after the clashes in Kärrtorp in December were under twenty years old. Furthermore, one of the arrested members was a minor, and several had previously been convicted of various crimes, including “knife and gun crime, assault, drug offences, and hate speech”. Mats Deland, a historian at Uppsala University, claims in the Dagens Nyheter article that the recent outbreak of nationalistic violence is the third of its kind, after the periods of 1991-92 and 1999, where large majorities of the Swedish Resistance Movement ended up in prison. Further to this, Deland says, the Swedish Resistance Movement are attracting members from underprivileged families and those from the fringes of society, with many of the arrested members proving to be “social outcasts”.

Away from Stockholm, the Scanian city of Malmö, where around a third of its residents were born abroad, has increasingly been seen as a hotbed of racism and ethnically charged violence. In March 2010, Fredrik Sieradzk, a representative of the Jewish community of Malmö, told the online edition of the Austrian daily newspaper Die Presse that approximately thirty Jewish families had emigrated from Malmö to Israel in the twelve months prior to his interview. The families cited anti-Semitic harassment and violence as their reasons for leaving the country. Then, in December 2010, the Jewish human rights organisation the Simon Wiesenthal Center advised Jews to express “extreme caution” when visiting southern parts of the country, due to the increase in anti-Semitic violence in Malmö. One of the most notable examples of ethnically charged violence in the city during that time was a string of attacks carried out by thirty-eight-year-old Peter Mangs between December 2009 and October 2010. All but one of Mangs’ victims had dark skin and “non-Swedish appearances”. More recently, members of the Party of the Swedes attacked several people who had attended a demonstration in support of International Women’s Day in central Malmö in early March 2014, leaving four people with serious injuries. According to eyewitnesses, Andreas Carlsson, a high-ranking member of the party, was seen attacking demonstrators with a knife.

Swedish citizens are set to head to the voting booths on September 14th to vote in the country’s next general election, and whilst the two main political parties, the Social Democrats and the Moderate Party, remain firmly in the lead according to recently-released opinion polls, support for the Sweden Democrats continues to grow. In a poll carried out by Statistics Sweden in November of last year, the far-right party’s share of the vote increased by 1.6 per cent between May and November, bringing their overall level of support to 9.8 per cent, putting them ahead of Miljöpartiet de Gröna (the Green Party) and making them Sweden’s third-largest party. If, as Mats Deland claims, the recent outbreak of nationalistic violence is indeed the third of its kind, the worry now is that this one has successfully infiltrated the mainstream and could end up plaguing Sweden for many years to come.


Sweden's education minister Jan Björklund has suggested the law should be changed so that neo-Nazi parties can't participate in school visits.

29/5/2014- Under existing legislation parties on all sides of the political spectrum are allowed to visit schools to take part in debates and explain their policies. The current law does not allow schools to discriminate between parties because of their opinions. Björklund has previously said that the education department will conduct a review of its regulations. "I think we are all in agreement that this idea of allowing obvious Nazi parties to get access to our youth shouldn't happen," Björklund told Sveriges Radio Ekot programme. He is now calling for all political parties in the Rikstag to consider changing the law. Björklund added that he is going to reach out to senior members of the parties in a personal capacity to get talks started regarding this issue. "It is very desirable that there is a broad political consensus on these types of rules which are the foundation of our democracy," he said. The Swedish Teachers' Union (Lärarförbundet) they said welcomed the proposal put forward by the Education Minister. "I think it's gratifying and a great success that Björklund is finally listening to teachers and schools. Schools should not be a playground for Nazi propaganda," Eva-Lis Sirén, chairperson of the Teachers' Union, told Aftonbladet.
The Local - Sweden


Green light for same-sex marriage in Luxembourg

28/5/2014- The Luxembourg parliament's legal affairs committee on Wednesday gave the green light for bill n°6172A, granting marriage and adoption to same-sex couples. The bill, which also includes reforms on other aspects of family law, was first introduced at the Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies in May 2012, and has taken over two years to pass to a vote in parliament. Several changes were made along the way. Most importantly, same-sex couples were granted the right to both closed and open adoption. A previous version of the bill had foreseen that same-sex couples would only be allowed open adoption, in which birth parents retain access to information about their child. The Luxembourg State Council, however, ruled that this was discriminatory and threatened to withhold approval should closed adoption not be made available to same-sex couples also.

The bill is now ready to pass to parliament for a vote, which is expected after the Pentecost holidays and before the summer. In the legal affairs committee the bill got the thumbs up from representatives from all three government parties, as well as opposition party CSV. Conservative party ADR meanwhile spoke out against the reform. The bill also includes new provisions in the fight against forced marriage, as well as fixing the legal minimum age to get married at 18 and abolishing the obligatory medical exam for couples before civil marriage. Luxembourg will be the ninth EU member state to introduce same-sex marriage, following legislation in the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Sweden, Portugal, Denmark, France and the UK.
Luxemburger Wort


28/5/2014- More than a thousand African migrants charged a barbed-wire border fence in Spain’s North African coastal enclave of Melilla on Wednesday, with many managing to scale the barrier and cross. Dozens of others were beaten back by police on both sides of the frontier. Cries of pain and the sound of blows rang out before dawn in Melilla. Morocco’s government said 1,500 immigrants rushed the fence at five different points, ignoring warnings to stop and hurling stones at security forces. Two men perched atop lamp posts. Spanish police used a crane to drag one down, while the other eventually shinnied down on his own. They were both handed over to Morocco. Spain’s North African city enclaves of Melilla and Ceuta are regularly targeted by large groups of African immigrants living illegally in Morocco to try to cross into Europe in search of a better life. Others try to cross by sea, and on Wednesday authorities in the Moroccan port of Tangiers said the bodies of two migrants were pulled from the water and eight migrants rescued after their boat sank the previous night. A woman remained missing. About 500 made it across the border on Wednesday, shouting with joy as they dashed through the streets to an official accommodation center. The center now houses about 2,400 people, an official there said. After a few months, the migrants are transported to mainland Spain where they are either processed for repatriation or, if this is not possible, turned loose.
The Associated Press


27/5/2014- Jewish leaders in Ukraine expressed satisfaction with the poor showing of ultranationalist candidates in the country’s presidential elections and the victory by oligarch Petro Poroshenko. Poroshenko, from Odessa, won 54.4 percent of Sunday’s vote, eliminating the need for a second round, the Ukrainian Central Elections Commission announced Tuesday after counting 94 percent of the votes cast. “The resounding victory of Poroshenko in just about every region of Ukraine not only eliminated the need for a costly second round but also sends an important message of unity,” said Josef Zissels, chairman of the Vaad Association of Jewish Organization and Communities of Ukraine. Former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko was second with 12.9 percent of the vote. Vadim Rabinovich, a Jewish community leader and businessman, finished seventh with 2.3 percent — more than the combined number of votes cast for Oleg Tyagnybok of the ultranationalist Svoboda party and for Dmytro Yarosh, leader of the Right Sector movement.

“The failure of the ultranationalists reflects a reality which we have been trying to represent all the time despite Russian propaganda’s attempt to portray Ukrainian society as intolerant,” Zissels told JTA. Alexander Levin, president of the Jewish Community of Kiev, wrote on Facebook that Tyagnybok and Yarosh’s failure to match Rabinovich “showed that in Ukraine, there is no policy of-Semitism, period.” Rabinovich called on Poroshenko to dissolve the parliament within 100 days and call a new parliamentary election. Igor Shchupak, a prominent figure in the Jewish community of Dnipropetrovsk and director of the city’s Jewish museum, said he believed Porosheko was “certainly equipped to lead Ukraine at this critical time with his vast experience and set of skills that range from banking to foreign policy.” The election followed the ouster in February of President Viktor Yanukovych in a revolution that began in November over his alleged corruption and perceived allegiance to Russia.

Russian-backed troops later captured the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed on March 18. Several locales in Ukraine are held by pro-Russian militiamen, including the eastern city of Donetsk, where some voters were prevented from reaching ballots amid fights between the separatists and government forces.
JTA News


OSCE Special Monitoring Mission: Contact lost with Donetsk-based team (Ukraine)

27/5/2014- On Monday evening at around 18:00 OSCE Special Monitoring Mission lost contact with one of its Donetsk-based teams. The team was on a routine patrol east of Donetsk when contact was lost. We have been unable to re-establish communication until now. The team consists of four international SMM members. We are continuing with our efforts and utilizing our contacts on the ground. The Ukrainian Government as well as regional authorities have been informed of the situation. Any further pertinent information will be shared as soon as possible.

Updates will be posted on our Twitter and Facebook pages.

OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine


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